S: The Oregon Trail
FC: The Oregon Trail | By Patrick Williams & Jeremy Allen
1: "The Oregon Trail" | By: Patrick Williams & Jeremy Allen
2: To all youth that are making something of themselves. Only you have the key to your success. | Jeremy A. & Patrick W.
3: Section 1 Discovering The Trail | Section 2 Welcome to the West | Section 3 Putting the Trail to Rest | Table Of Contents | Pioneers of the Trail | Applegate Brothers | Migrating | The Donation Land Law | The Transcontinental Railroad
4: Discovering | Pioneer | Key Terms | Independence, MI | Robert Stuart | Dr. Elijah White | Applegate Trail | Summary The discovery of the Oregon Trail.
5: the Trail | Sec. 1.1 | Pioneers of the Trail | Sec. 1.2 | The Applegate Brothers
6: Pioneers of the Trail | While on his journey back to New York from the far Northeast, Robert Stuart discovered the Oregon Trail in between 1841-1842. Stuart was reporting back to his boss with some new furs. He worked in the fur trading business.
7: In 1842 Dr. Elijah White led the first train of wagon families through the Oregon Trail. He was the first pioneer to travel the trail and settle in Oregon. The staring point for many people traveling the trail was Independence, MO.
8: In 1843 the Applegate Brothers (Charles, Lindsay, and Jesse) made the Applegate Trail. It was a less dangerous route that cut through the mountains and the wilderness. | Charles Applegate (1806-1879) | The Applegate Brothers
9: Shown in the picture above is the Oregon Trail (green) and the Appplegate Trail (red). This picture shows how the two trails were joined to help people on their journeys.
10: Welcome to | Key Terms | Donation Land Law | Emigrant | Imperialism | Native American | Territory | Summary The migration and act of Westward Expansion. The enforcement of imperialism. | Reservation
11: the WEST... | Sec. 2.1 | Migrating | Sec. 2.2 | Donation Land Law
12: Oregon became a territory of the U.S. in 1848. With | the increasing numbers of emigrants, | there wasn't enough land for the Native Americans. This is when imperialism came into action. This lead the government to pass the Donation Land Law. Natives that managed to survive were forced to move on reservations in Oklahoma. | Migrating
13: Everything wasn't peachy along the Oregon Trail. Emigrants had to endure many obstacles. The most difficult obstacles were the dreadful mountains. Many people died. | This picture shows a struggling family along the Oregon Trail.
14: The journey through the Oregon Trail took 4 to 6 months. The Trip was usually measured in 3 parts. For the first third of the journey emigrants got used to the routine and work of travel. By the time emigrants had traveled two thirds of the way, they started to get excited. This was because they knew they were making progress. By then they knew if their money would last or not.
15: The Third and final part of the journey was the most difficult. By then, people were very low on all of their resources such as cash, food, and survival items. Many were ill, sore, and completely drained of energy from the long audacious trip.
16: In fact, many people traveling the Oregon Trail didn't make it to Oregon. Some died; while others found life along the way.
17: The Donation Land Law | During the development of Westward Expansion, the government encountered a problem. The problem was the Native Americans. Settlers were traveling and setting up shop anywhere they wanted. This action is called imperialism. The Natives didn't like the way the Americans were taking their land and forcing them out. Many battles were fought but the Natives had no luck on their side.
18: In the end, the Natives were kicked off their land and forced to live on the land provided by the government. The land provided was called reservations. Most reservations were located in Oklahoma.
19: The picture above is a family that was forced to live on an Indian Reservation.
20: Putting the Trail | Vocabulary | Locomotive Transcontinental Railroad
21: To Rest... | Transcontinental Railroad
22: The Oregon Trail helped many people travel to the west in the 19th century. | Stretching over 2,000 miles, the Oregon Trail played a big role with Westward Expansion. | The Transcontinental railroad
23: With the help of a new invention called a locomotive, the Oregon Trail was on its way to becoming forgotten. | This invention gave the idea of a cross-country railroad. In 1869, that idea was complete. The Transcontinental Railroad was officially open and running. The only thing left of the Oregon Trail was memories.
24: Chapter Review | 1. What ended the Oregon Trail? 2. What trail was intended as a less dangerous route to the Oregon territory? 3. Who discovered the Oregon Trail? A. Robert Stuart B. Ezra Meeker C. Dr. Elijah White 4. Which part of the Oregon Trail was the hardest? A. The second part of the journey B. The first part of the journey C. The third and final part of the journey
25: 5. How long did it take to travel through the Oregon? A. 10 - 12 months B. 7 - 9 months C. 4 - 6 months 6. Who set out to retrace the trail in 1906? 7. What is another name for the Donation Land Law? 8. The Oregon was the largest of what kind of trails? 9. What is imperialism?
26: Chapter Review Answers | 1. The Transcontinental Railroad 2. The Applegate Trail 3. Robert Stuart 4. The third and final part of the journey
27: 5. 4 - 6 months 6. Ezra Meeker 7. Indian Removal Act 8. It was the largest overland trail 9. Political, military, and economic domination over another country.
28: Glossary | Applegate Brothers- Created a less dangerous trail that cut through the wilderness and mountains. The trail branched off the Oregon Trail. Applegate Trail- A wilderness trail that was intended as a less dangerous route to the Oregon territory. Donation Land Law- A historic law passed by the congress of the United States intended to promote homestead settlement in Oregon Territory. Dr. Elijah White- Led the first train of wagon families on the trail. They migrated from Independence , MI. Emigrant- A person that lives in a country and moves to another part of that same country. Imperialism- Political, military, and economic domination over another country. Independence, MI- The starting point for many people traveling the Oregon Trail.
29: Locomotive- A self-propelled vehicle, usually electric or diesel-powered, for pulling or pushing freight or passenger cars on railroad tracks; or a train. Native American- People that were already in America before the Europeans discovered America. Pioneer- The first to settle on an area of land. Reservation- An area of land set aside for a special purpose. Robert Stuart- The first person to use the trail. He discovered the trail on his journey back to New York. Territory- An area of land; a region. Land and/or waters that are under any kind of jurisdiction. Transcontinental Railroad- A train that stretched across the United States. This train route caused the discontinue of the Oregon Trail in 1869. Wilderness- A large wild tract of land covered with dense vegetation or forests.
30: 1.Bierstadt, Albert. "The Trail Center." The Simplot Art Collection of the Oregon Trail. National Oregon/California Trail Center, 2006. Web. January 20, 2011.
31: 4. "Maps." nps.gov. National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior, Jan 23, 2011. Web. January 24, 2011.