S: Buddhism By: Tori Helman
BC: Made by Tori Helman in the year of 2010. Made for people to learn about Buddhism.
FC: Buddhism By: Tori Helman
1: Buddhism | By: Tori Helman
2: Made in September and October 2010 Made at Piqua Junior High School A Tori Helman productions
3: Table of Contents Who was the founder.............. What Reincarnation Is............ What their afterlife was... What are their basic beliefs............................................... Where most Buddhist live...... Bibliography...................................
4: Buddha was the founder of Buddhism his real name is Siddartha Gautama
5: Who was their leader.................... Siddartha Gautama Siddartha Gautama was son of the Rajah (ruler) of the Sakya tribe of Kapilavastu, Nepal. When he was about 35 years old Siddartha left the luxuries of his father's court, his beautiful wife, and all earthly ambitions for the life of an ascetic. He saw in the contemplative life the perfect way to self-enlightenment. Siddhrtha Gautama was a spiritual teacher from ancient India who founded Buddhism. In most Buddhist traditions, he is regarded as the Supreme Buddha of our age, "Buddha" meaning "awakened one" or "the enlightened one."
6: The time of his birth and death are uncertain: most early 20th-century historians dated his lifetime as c. 563 BCE to 483 BCE, but more recent opinion may be dating his death to between 411 and 400 BCE. Gautama, also known as kyamuni ("Sage of the kyas"), is the primary figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to him were passed down by oral tradition, and first committed to writing about 400 years later.
7: What reincarnation was.................... Reincarnation is believed to occur when the soul or spirit, after the death of the body, comes back to Earth in a newborn body. This phenomenon is also known as transmigration of the soul or metempsychosis. The Buddhist concept of reincarnation differs from others in that there is no eternal "soul", "spirit' or self" but only a "stream of consciousness" that links life with life. The actual process of change from one life to the next is called punarbhava (Sanskrit) or punabbhava (Pli), literally "becoming again", or more briefly bhava, "becoming", and some English-speaking
8: Buddhists prefer the term "rebirth" or "re-becoming" to render this term as they take "reincarnation" to imply a fixed entity that is reborn.Popular Jain cosmology and Buddhist cosmology as well as a number of schools of Hinduism posit rebirth in many worlds and in varied forms. In Buddhist tradition the process occurs across five or six realms of existence, including the human, any kind of animal and several types of supernatural being. It is said in Tibetan Buddhism that it is very rare for a person to be reborn in the immediate next life as a human.
9: What their afterlife was.. Buddha accepted the basic Hindu doctrines of reincarnation and karma, as well as the notion that the ultimate goal of the religious life is to escape the cycle of death and rebirth. | Buddha asserted that what keeps us bound to the death/rebirth process is desire, desire in the sense of wanting or craving anything in the world. Hence, the goal of getting off the Ferris wheel of reincarnation necessarily involves freeing oneself from desire. Nirvana is the Buddhist term for liberation. Nirvana literally means extinction, and it refers to the extinction of all craving, an extinction that allows one to become liberated
10: What their Basic Beliefs were........... The basic teachings of Buddhism are called the Four Nobel Truths. The first truth is Life means suffering. To live means to suffer, because the human nature is not perfect and neither is the world we live in. The second truth is the origin of suffering is attachment. This means that we suffer because of desire for possessions. The third truth is the cessation of suffering is attainable. This states that is people no longer desire for possessions, the suffering will stop. They can then achieve a state of nirvana, or a state of happiness and peace. The fourth truth is the path to the cessation of suffering. This truth states that people can escape suffering by following the Middle Way, or a set of guidelines called the Eightfold Path. There is a path to the end of suffering - a gradual path of self-improvement, which is described more detailed in the Eightfold Path.
11: It is the middle way between the two extremes of excessive self-indulgence (hedonism) and excessive self-mortification (asceticism); and it leads to the end of the cycle of rebirth. The latter quality discerns it from other paths which are merely "wandering on the wheel of becoming", because these do not have a final object. The path to the end of suffering can extend over many lifetimes, throughout which every individual rebirth is subject to karmic conditioning. Craving, ignorance, delusions, and its effects will disappear gradually, as progress is made on the path.
12: Where most Buddhist live........