FC: The Carbon Family By:Nicki Meadows Mrs.Smith-Brown 1st period.
1: He developed the concept of the chemical element. He also formed the Oxygen theory, which states that you can break water down into hydrogen and oxygen and then turn them back to water again. | Antoine Lavoisier
2: John Newlands | He created the law of octaves.Newlands arranged the known elements by atomic weights. In doing so, he noticed some recurring patterns, and the patterns were such that if he broke up his list of elements into groups of seven (starting a new row with the eighth element), the first element in each of those groups were similar to one another. So was the second element in each group and the third and so on.
3: Lothar Meyer | He made a chart that plotted atomic volumes against atomic weight. He then arranged elements in groups based on recurring patterns of volume and weight.
4: Henry Moseley | He developed the X-ray spectra to study atomic structure. This led to more accurate positioning of elements by closer examination of atmoic numbers.
5: Dmitri Mendeleev | He created the periodic table we use today using the 63 known elements by arranging them into groups of similiar properties and leaving gaps for the elements not yet found.
6: The Carbon Group | Carbon (C) Protons:6 Electrons:6 Neutrons:6 Quarks:18 Orbital Notation: 1s2 2s2 2p2 | Silicon(Si) Protons:14 Electrons:14 Neutrons:14 Quarks:42 Orbital Notation:1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2
7: Germanium(Ge) Protons:32 Electrons:32 Neutrons:40 Quarks:120 Orbital Notation: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2 4s2 3d10 4p2 | Tin(Sn) Protons:50 Electrons:50 Neutrons:58 Quarks:174 Orbital Notation:[Kr]5s2 4d10 5p2 | Lead(Pb) Protons:82 Electrons:82 Neutrons:125 Quarks:375 Orbital Notation: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
8: Trends of the Periodic Table | Atomic radius is how you determine the size of the atom. The size depends on how far the electrons extend. | Ionization energy is how much energy is used to gain or lose electrons. | Electronegativity is how well an atom can attract to form a bond.
10: Orbital Notation | The Carbon group is in the P block. They are solid, liquids, or gases at room temperature. | _________________________________________________________
11: How To Read The Periodic Table
12: Bohr and Lewis Models For the Carbon Group | Carbon | Germanium | Silicon | Tin | Lead
13: Ge | . | . | . | . | Carbon | Silicon | Germanium | Tin | Lead
14: Works Cited | Lothar Meyer (n.d.). In Clackamas Community College. Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://dl.clackamas.cc.or.us/ch104-07/lothar_meyer.htm (n.d.). In Mattson Creighton. Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://mattson.creighton.edu/History_Gas_Chemistry/Lavoisier.html (n.d.). In Mixbook. Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://www.mixbook.com/photo-books/interests/blank-canvas-6104246
15: (n.d.). In PBS. Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/hawking/cosmostar/html/cstars_mendel.html n.d.). In Newlands, John Alexander Reina. Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Biographies/MainBiographies/N/Newlands/1.html (n.d.). In Who was Henry Mosely?. Retrieved October 26, 2011, from http://www.chemistry.co.nz/henry_moseley.htm