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Chapter 19-The Grapes of Wrath

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S: The Grapes of Wrath Chapter 19

FC: The Grapes of Wrath Chapter 19 By: Sara Carden Lucy Alanis Olivia Taylor | |

1: Chapter Summary | California used to belong to the Mexicans until the Americans that owned the land took it over. As time passed, the squatters descendant's took over the land but now have no connection to it. They protect their land with guards and pay their workers little, while treating them like slaves. The Okies are moving to California, but are seen as a threat to the stability of land ownership. In reality all they want is fair wages for their severely impoverished people (Steinbeck). |

2: Parallel Structure: “He drove his old car into a town. He scoured the farms for work. He drove his old car to Hooverville. He never asked again, for there was a Hooverville on the edge of every town” (Steinbeck 234). *The same pattern of "he" is used to expose the importance of the context said. Steinbeck continues to use this device to show the daily routine that the workers had at the time. Historical Allusion: “We ain't foreign. Seven generations back Americans, and beyond that Irish, Scotch, English, German. One of our folks in the Revolution, an’ they was lost of our folks in the Civil War- both sides. America” (Steinbeck 233). *Steinbeck decides to incorporate a historical allusion is this chapter to emphesize that the Okies were not foreign. That they were American people seeking to find a better life in their own country, but rather they treat them like immigrants from elsewhere when they migrate westward. | Stylistic Devices

3: Simile: “We got no place to live. Like ants scurrying for work, for food ,and most of all for land” (Steinbeck 233). *The importance of this simile in the chapter is what is being compared. The comparison is expressing that ants are insects that are always on-the-go as well as looking kind of desperate in the process. They are always looking for food, a home, or something to do, as well as the migrants did at the time of the depression. | |

4: Squatter Descendants | The squatter descendants in chapter 19 are the rich people who own the land that the Okies are trying to work on. They have become so disconnected to it and the people that they hire that they have extremely low wages and protect everything they have with armed men. |

5: The Okies | "Okies" are migrants the mideast, south and midmest that moved to the West during the Great Depression. They were effected the most by the harsh realities of the Great Depression and dust bowl and moved to start a better life. |

6: “They were hungry and they were fierce. And they had hoped to find a home, and they found only hatred. Okies- the owners hated them because the owners knew they were soft and the Okies strong, that they were fed and the Okies hungry; and perhaps the owners had heard from their grandfathers how easy it is to steal land from a soft man if you are fierce and hungry and armed” (Steinbeck 233). *The significance of the passage is that the owners felt animosity towards the Okies that settled in their land. The Owners disliked the idea that they were settling in their land without permission and without a care, yet the Okies were determined to live a better life and they were going to do anything to get that. | Important Passages:

7: “And a homeless hungry man, driving the roads with his wife beside him and his thin children in the back seat, could look at the fallow fields which might produce food but not profit, and that man could know how a fallow field is a sin and the unused land a crime against the thin children” (Steinbeck 234). *This quote expresses the difficulties that the migrants,in this case the Okies, were going through. The harsh conditions of hunger and poverty were just some of the many obstacles that the Great Depression brought upon them. “Our people are good people; our people are kind people. Pray God some day kind people won’t all be poor. Pray God some day that praying would stop. And there’s the end” (Steinbeck 239). *Steinbeck incorporated this passage because of the meaning of poverty and social status at the time. In the quote they mention that the poor are kind and that they are the ones that got to undergo the depression in harsh conditions.

8: Plot Chapter Parallel | The Joads are just another Okie family moving to California and out west to find a better life. They have faced poverty, loss, hardship, and sorrow like many of the other families. The men that owned their land kicked them off and have lost touch with humanity. The Joads think that California will be a fresh start for them, it's a land of opportunity where anyone can become successful, their journey soon teaches them and foreshadows otherwise (Steinbeck).

9: Family |

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