FC: Childhood Obesity
1: Obesity is one of the top defining health and social issues in the United States; it is also one of the leading causes of preventable deaths. Living unhealthy can impact not only the quality of your life but the length of your life as well. As a result of being overweight or obese, you are more likely to have health related problems.
2: Childhood obesity is a big problem, and only getting bigger. Researches have looked into different studies to see what can help decrease the rate of childhood obesity. One of the programs that was started was the PAAC (Physical Activity Across the Curriculum). The goal consisted of incorporating approximately 90min per week of physical activity into academic subjects for the school year. Did the program work? At the end of the intervention period, no differences were noted for overall BMI between the PAAC and control conditions. However, lower incidence of overweight was noted in the PAAC group compared to the control group. Additionally, children in schools that had instituted the program for more than 75min per week had smaller increases in BMI compared to schools that instituted the program for less time. Outcomes of this program were also examined finding that those in the PAAC program demonstrated higher levels of physical activity and academic achievement than those in the control group. (Donnelly et al., 2009).
4: Researchers conducted a project to see if a new policy implementing required physical education in high schools was successful. Out of the eight schools they chose to observe over a three-year period, only one school placed an importance on this policy and it took them a year to do so. There are many hypotheses as to why these policies are failing: One includes legislation having little effect on the participation schools are having in requiring and implementing the purpose of physical education (Amis, et al., 2012). There is so much pressure on standardized testing that other subject areas were being ignored completely, such as physical education (Amis, et al., 2012). The last two barriers were varsity sports and resources that were available (Amis, et al., 2012). To avoid these barriers and have a successful prevention program, there needs to be support for the program by the school faculty.
6: Researchers, Haynos, and O’Donohue evaluated a similar prevention program that was found to be successful. This study was concluded on 4th and 5th graders. Over a year period, four states were selected to participate. Through workshops teachers were trained on how to approach and educate on physical activity and nutrition. Teachers were able to apply this by educating, promoting attitude change and role play. They put focus at the selective level as well as universal level. The researchers tried to get the parents of the children involved by making resources available to them on line. In this one-year period, obesity rates dropped 2% (Haynos, and O'Donohue, 2012).
8: Childhood obesity is a big issue in todays society. The main emphasis should be promote healthy exercises and nutrition to obese children. The goal is to show the population that eating healthy and exercising on a daily basis promotes good health and longer life expectancy.
10: Picture References 1. Overweight girl (10-12) holding balloon and eating corndog; Richard Schultz/Corbis; Retrieved from: http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-28092721.jpg?size=67&uid=a24a3576-4371-4c11-b0a5-843c8817e04b 2. Childhood obesity; dam Gault/Science Photo Library/Corbis, Retrieved from: http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-22789808.jpg?size=67&uid=eb24bf55-a3ec-4b54-a55d-31d0f7adbf47 3. Girl Catching Beach Ball; © Image Source/Corbis; http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-22008986.jpg?size=67&uid=2583fbde-a33d-4330-aea2-dfc23a12df72 4. Obese Child; Najlah Feanny/Corbis; retrived from: http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-DWF15-903926.jpg?size=67&uid=45cb7336-e818-40b0-93de-a9c2ffafb739 5. Overweight Woman Throwing Measuring Tape; mage Source/Corbis; retrieved from:http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-22008980.jpg?size=67&uid=3583c76b-7444-49f9-867d-999810ee8bb6 6. Overweight Woman on Exercise Bike; Image Source/Corbis; Retrieved from: http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-22008970.jpg?size=67&uid=499533c0-ba66-4cb9-9c5b-7355c2b1025a 7. Overweight Man Watching Television; © Image Source/Corbis; http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-22008968.jpg?size=67&uid=cbb2efef-11b7-491c-8537-44c8d22c4988 8. irl with Candy; © Image Source/Corbis; http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-22009035.jpg?size=67&uid=5d827771-5594-4ca0-8fac-b61e1a2e6f8a
11: Other References 1. Alexander, D., Hacking, B., Kelnar, C., McDowell, Z., Methven, E., Reilly, J., Stewart, L., (2003) Health Consequences of Obesity. Retrieved from: http://adc.bmj.com/content/88/9/748.full.pdf#page=1&view=FitH . 2. Amaro, S., Viggiano, A., Di Costanzo, A., Madeo, I., Viggiano, A., Baccari, M. E. (2006). Kaldo, a new educational board-game, gives nutritional rudiments and encourages healthy eating in children: A pilot cluster randomized trial. European Journal of Pediatrics, 165, 630–635. 3. Donnelly, J. E., Greene, J. L., Gibson, C. A., Smith, B. K.,Washburn, R. A., Sullivan, D. K., et al. (2009). Physical activity across the curriculum (PAAC): A randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity and diminish overweight and obesity in elementary school children. Preventative Medicine, 49, 336–341.