FC: River Valley Civilizations'
1: Mesopotamia..... 2-3 Egypt..... 4-5 Indus..... 6-7 China..... 8-9
2: Mesopotamia | 1. Mesopotamia is Greek for "Land between the rivers." 2. The Sumerians were polytheistic. Enlil was the god of storms and air and was the most important. 3. The Sumerians were one of the first to form a civilization. 4. The Sumerians were the first to make the wheel, sail, and plow. The wheel and sail facilitated transport and the plow helps with farming. 5. The farmers believed that their crops grew because of the gods. 6. The Sumerians were the first to use bronze. 7. The priests of temples were the one who controlled the early government. 8. Some Sumerians believed that the way to get to the gods were through the priests.
3: 9. Mesopotamia is the piece of land between the Tigris and Euphrates River. | 10. Cuneiform is the written language.
4: Egypt | 1. The government is a theocracy, based on religion. 2. The gods were the pharaohs. 3. Pyramids are tombs for the royal family that the Egyptians built themselves. 4. The way the Egyptians conserve the body after death is by mummification. 5. Mummification is when the Egyptians takes out the organs and brain, place it in canopic jars, and wraps up the body. 6. The Egyptians believed that you need every part of our body to go the afterlife. 7. When the Egyptians who were not part of a royal family died, they were buried in the sand. 8. The Egyptians invented a type of writing surface called papyrus.
5: 10. Egypt is hot and dry. It has the Nile River running right through it. The Western Desert is on one side of the river and the Eastern Desert is on the other. | 9. Hieroglyphics are the type of writing the Egyptians used. Hieroglyphics use pictures.
6: Indus | 1. The Harappans built walls to keep water out of the city, which didn't work, resulting in them making a human made island. 2. The Indus River meets the Arabian Sea, which created the route the people used to trade with people farther away. 3. The religious artifacts found relates to the Hindu culture. 4. The Harappan's city organization reflected the importance of a central government. 5. The Archaeologists think that the the culture was a theocracy but there was no temple around. 6. There were animal pictures on pottery, small status, children's toys, and seals. 7. The seals were used to signify that the item had been traded.
7: 8. The writing was a mixture of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. | 9. The pluming and sewage system was invented by the Indus people; pipes were built under each house to bring water to everyone. | 10. The Indus and Ganges River formed a big piece of flat land used for farming.
8: China | 1. The first civilization of China was developed in the river valley. 2. The only 10% of china that can be used for farming is between the the Huang He River and the Chang Jiang River. 3. The society of Shang was split into into 2 groups, the nobles and the peasants. 4. Every family had to pay respect to the father's ancestors. 5. The Chinese believed that the ancestors could bring good or harm to the family. 6. The Chinese didn't think of the ancestors as gods,but as someone who gave them trouble. 7. In China's system of writing, one syllable means one word.
9: 10. The Huang He River means "Yellow River" because it leaves big amounts of yellow silt when the water overflows. | 8. Feudalism is a government in which nobles,or lords, are allowed to borrow a piece of land that belongs to the king. 9. People who didn't live in the Chinese civilization were viewed as barbarians.