S: The Civil War
FC: THE CIVIL WAR
1: Ulysses S. Grant was an Army General for the Union during the civil war. He had served in the Mexican war with Robert E. Lee, who he was then fighting against! He was given control of all American Armies, and he took them and used them wisely. He knew that he could only put them in situations when they were in top condition. This extra mind on their side positively boosted them up. Good for you, Ulysses! | A photo of Ulysses S.Grant
2: Life for civilians during the war was very tough. Everyone hoped that the war would be over soon, both North and South. Work was pretty hard to get, since most employers went to war against the other side. Nobody knew when or how the war was going to end, but they hoped it was near. Almost all young men from all kinds of families became soldiers. It was tough for everyone in these times. | Life During the Civil War
3: Portable Telegraph Key | The Portable Telegraph Key was invented by a man named Samuel Morse.He invented this device that used his own Morse code to communicate to other people up to 5 miles away (It was a record at the time). It was used on Battlefields for generals to tell each other what's going on with their own armies.The downside was that they were heavy, and they could break easily if dropped. But other than that, it was one of the most useful tools on the field. Thank you, Samuel Morse!
4: SLAVERY ENDS ONCE AND FOR ALL! | After months of hard work and being abolitionists, it finally pays off. President Abraham Lincoln passes the next three amendments. One of these simply stops slavery in one sentence. All of the slaves in the Unites States were let free to live their lives in peace. This amendment would occur to southerners when the North won the war. I think that it really ticked off the South!
5: HOW IT ENDS...? | So, now we know how it started... but what starts must come to an end somewhere, right? | It had been a pretty close war at the time, the North only winning by about 5 battles. The South was frantic, taking shelter whenever they could get it. The North didn't want to admit it, but they knew they had the war in the bag and tied. The last real battle of the civil war being a Union victory, the confederates gave up because they were running out of weapons, supplies, food, and men. Just about everything that they needed was dropping in numbers. So on April 26 of 1865, the Confederate Army leader officially surrendered to the Union. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated just days after this happened.
6: The 13th Amendment | The 13th Amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude. Lemme tell ya, it really ticked off the south. Abraham Lincoln feared that his Emancipation Proclamation would not last because it was just for the expanse of the war. | It Said: "Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."
7: The 14th Amendment | The 14th Amendment made the law that every man who was born into the United States was a legal citizen. Unfortunately, this didn't help stop racism at all. It might have even increased it. It also gives the right for every White man who was a citizen of the United States and of the age 21 or older to vote. Women still couldn't, and at the time, they had no desire to. It also lays out the criteria to be a representative or congress person. ( It's much too long to show you. Sorry.)
8: The 15th Amendment | Oops... Scratch that. The Fifteenth Amendment allows all men to vote, no matter their race or former servitude. If they were male and over 21, born into the U.S., they could vote. This downed racism a little bit, but it upped it a bit too. It showed a little bit of non-racism on the government's part, which was good.
9: AND AMERICA LIVED HAPPILY EVER AFTER! (Or at least until the Cold War...)