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Civil War

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Civil War - Page Text Content

1: Civil War Dana Ingham A4

2: Key People Lincoln: 16th president of the U.S.A during an important time period. He was the first Republican president. Lincoln lead the Northern states to victory against the Southern states which abolished slavery. Grant: Lead the Union army. He fought in the bloodiest battle of the west at Shiloh. He also captured Vicksburg and split the Confederacy in two. He was considered a war hero according to www.nps.gov. Sherman: He was first in the war at the battle of First Manassas. President Lincoln then put him in as a brigadier general. He thought that the Union should not only defeat the confederates but also ruin all their property and materials. He is famous for his “March to the Sea," He left a path of forty to sixty miles wide of destruction through Georgia. Fredrick Douglass: Helped convince President Lincoln that allowing African Americans to fight in the war was a good idea. He worked as a recruiter for the Union. He signed his sons up to fight and together they were part of the 54th Regiment. Jefferson Davis: First and only President of the Confederate states. He appointed Robert E. Lee. After the South losing the war Davis lost his citizenship and was taken to Europe according to (http://www.shmoop.com/civil-war/jefferson-davis.html) Robert E. Lee: He declined President Lincoln's offer to command the Union since he was from Virginia. Appointed by President Jefferson Davis, He was one of the most respected senior officers in the army according to The American Vision.

3: Continued.. 54th Massachusetts Infantry: Started January 1, 1863. Over 1,000 African Americans came to fight for the Union, due to the emancipation proclamation which freed all enslaved persons in states still in rebellion after January 1, 1863. The Proclamation only freed enslaved Africans in the states at war with the Union (The American Vision). Stephan Douglass: Nicknamed the Little Giant. According to (http://www.illinoiscivilwar.org/douglas-sa.html) He was a wealthy land speculator and helped bring railroads to Chicago. He sponsored the Kansas- Nebraska act which lead to "bleeding Kansas. John Wilkes Booth: Shot President Lincoln at Fords Theater on April 14, 1865 according to (Maryland Civil War Trails. Civil War Traveler: Maryland: John Wilkes Booth)

4: Battles: Ft. Sumter: The first Battle of the Civil war. Over 34 hours of non stop shooting finally ending with the North surrendering. Antietam:Was the bloodiest one day battle in American History, with over 16,000 wounded. It was a crucial victory for the Union according to The American Vision. Gettysburg: Union fought back after the South came up into Pennsylvania. There were 7,000 deaths in less than half an hour of fighting. It was a turning point in the war for the Union when they took the victory according to (http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg.html) Vicksburg: A long battle ending with another Union victory. "Vicksburg is the key" Lincoln said. "The war can not be brought to a close until the key is in our pocket". -President Lincoln (The American Vision). Appomattox: Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9 making it a Union Victory. After Grant surrounded him on three sides Lee had no other choice but to give up.

5: Events/Ideas: Emancipation Proclamation: Issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863. It was during the 3rd year of the war. It only addressed the states in rebellion, and told them to free all there slaves. It was a document meant for peace. Gettysburg Address: A speech delivered by Lincoln on November 19, 1863. Edward Everett was the main speaker. This speech honored the fallen Union soldiers, and reminded the crowd of the reasons these men gave their lives up: for freedom, and equality throughout the states. "Four score and seven years ago" is the famous line made by President Lincoln. Advantages of the South: Had better Generals at the beginning, and fought on their own soil. Advantages of the North: More men, and had factories producing all the war necessities. Disadvantages of the South: Smaller population, no factories, didn't really have a good Government, and most of there economy came from the North. Disadvantages of the North: Didn't know the land, and not a very well trained army.

6: 1. The major military and political events of the war include when both sides had to use conscription due to the little amounts of men who volunteered. Also when the South used blockade runners to smuggle goods. A big moment for the Union came when Fort Donelson and Fort Henry, thats when all of Kentucky and most of western Tennessee came under there military control. An important political event was when the South elected there first president Jefferson Davis. 2. The key leaders in the Civil War were President Lincoln, General Grant, Robert E. Lee and President Davis. 3.The Southern States seceded because when President Lincoln was elected they all thought he was going to end slavery right then and there. Also they believed he would change the whole lifestyle of the Southern states. So as soon as they believed that was at risk they wanted to get as far away from the North as possible. 4. In my opinion no state had the right to leave. When the original constitution was written and when the 13 colonies joined as one, you stick together even if something goes not in your favor. When the Declaration of Independence gave everyone the freedoms to live freely as one, leaving and starting your own country is a little over dramatic. 5. I believe Lincoln had every right to keep the Union together and to protect what was left of the country. He acted as a good President should, he saw a problem and tried to fix it as best as he could. He wanted to keep the states together.

7: 6. The ideas that were expressed in both the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address show that the North only wanted freedom and equality. Also to have a peaceful nation that can live as one under one leader. These Documents also showed the Democratic ideas of a strong government that is very active in the peoples lives. The over all war goals were really to just end all discrimination and put the South back in it's rightful place. 7. Lincoln's vision was very clear in the Gettysburg Address he wanted the audience to know that all this happened for a good reason. That if all those men didn't suffer and sacrifice their lives we wouldn't have all the enslaved people freed and an end to discriminating others.

8: Other: -During the war when a soldier would get sick or shot doctors would use the same unsterilized utensils on everyone. Which lead to even more spread of diseases such as smallpox and other deadly sicknesses. -Women would leave their jobs at home to nurse the soldiers back to health. A special women Elizabeth Blackwell was the first female physician, she also started a training program to train women to nurse. -Home life was rough in the South with their economy failing and no factories to make war supplies. The North on the other hand experienced an economic boom and made new innovations. -The result of food shortages in the South lead to women breaking out in riots and some Southern men left the war to go home to take care of their family. Mobs of women would seize food!

9: Works Cited: (front cover photo) http://danmillerinpanama.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/civil-war-soldiers.jpg "Abraham Lincoln in The Civil War." Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "Civil War Trust." The Battle of Antietam Summary & Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "Civil War Trust." The Battle of Fort Sumter Summary & Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "Civil War Trust." William T. Sherman. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "Emancipation Proclamation." History Net: Where History Comes Alive. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "Famous Illinoisians with Civil War Ties." Stephen Arnold Douglas [1813-1861]. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "The 54th Massachusetts Infantry." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "Maryland Civil War Trails." Civil War Traveler: Maryland: John Wilkes Booth. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. "Robert E. Lee in The Civil War." Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013 Glenco, ed. The American Vision. Columbus: n.p., 2008. Print.

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