S: Civil War Simplified
BC: Flying Monkey's Inc.
FC: By Cami Parrish | Civil War Simplified
1: Causes of the War | The Fugitive Slave act was a major cause for the war. This act allowed people from the South to retrieve their run away slaves from the North, but what started happening was that slave owners would come to the North and take all the people that had darker skin back to the South claiming they were slaves. This made the Abolitionists angry because the South was taking people that were born in the North and had never been slaves.
2: The Northerners came out with a book called Uncle Tom’s Cabin. This book was about the North's views of slavery and what the Southerners did to slaves. This made the South very angry at the North.
3: Charles Sumter was making a speech about why the government should abolish slavery. Preston Brooks, who was a pro-slave came up to Charles, while he was making his speech and Preston attacked Charles with a cane.
4: A Major Cause for the war was that the southern states were leaving the Union. The first state to leave was North Carolina. They left because Abraham Lincoln became president. | Union Generals vs. Confederate Generals.
5: Battle Strategies | North | The North had one main strategy or plan but it had different parts to it. This plan was the Anaconda Plan. This Plan was made by Winfield Scott. The plan was to surround the south on all sides to stop them from trading cotton, tobacco, and other cash crops to England and France. The plan also wanted us to block the Mississippi River, so the south could not reach the west. The first blockade of the Anaconda plan was sent to
6: block all of the southern ports on April 19, 1861. It is called the Anaconda plan because the North is surrounding the South like a Anaconda. | Winfield Scott
7: South | The south at first was just trying to wait it out and not really do mush fight just defensive war. They thought that because England and France depended on the cotton that they would get angry at the North for blocking the ports and would help the south win the war. Their main was just to wait it out and to see what would happen.
8: Major Players | Abraham Lincoln role in the war was to trying to get the South to join the Union again. During the civil war he agreed with the | Abraham Lincoln
9: Jefferson Davis | Emancipation Proclamation that said if slaves fight in the war then they shall be granted their freedom. Five days after the war ended Abraham Lincoln was killed by John Wilkes Booth, who shot Lincoln while he was watching a play at Ford's Theater on April 15, 1865
10: Jefferson Davis Was the president of the confederate states during the Civil Car. A big decision he mad during the Civil War was call the attack on fort Sumter. When the war ended he was arrested for treason and sent to jail for two years then when he got out of jail he wrote about his pinions opposing centralized government. He died on December 6, 1889 from Malaria.
11: Stonewall Jackson | Stonewall Jackson was the “right hand man” of Robert E. Lee. Jackson was a Lt. General who was on teh Confederacy side. He was the leader of the capture of Harper's Ferry. He also commanded the Battle of Sharpsburg and the Battle
12: Robert E. Lee | Fredericksburg. he did not live to the end of the war because he was killed by his own men during the war. | Robert E. Lee was a General on the Confederate side and a military strategist. Robert was a good General
13: Ulysses S. Grant | because he got things done. He was a whig, he liked the union, and he liked the constitution, but he was on the Confederate side. After the war he walked away from a military life and became the president of Washington and Lee University.
14: Ulysses S. Grant was Major General of the Union. He was a part of a war because he commanded the Union troops for most of the war. He captured Richmound and led the fight in Vicksburg,. Ulysses also fought at Shiloh. After the war, he became President for two terms.
15: William T. Sherman | William T. Sherman was a Union commander. He offered his services to the Union. William lead the Atlanta Campaign, and fought at Kentucky and Chatanooga. After the warwas over, he went back to his life. He retired in 1883.
16: Frederick Douglass | Frederick Douglass tried to convince Abraham Lincoln to let slaves fight in the war so they could gain their freedom. (Emancipation Proclamation) He was an enlistment officer and he tried to make Emancipation part of the war. After the war
17: he started the New National Era newspaper in Washington DC and tried to end slavery still. ( for the most part it slavery was over). Fredrick became post of U.S. marshal for the District of Columbia, but resigned his assignment in Haiti because the government was using his position to make deals with the Haitian government. He died on Feb. 20, 1895 in Washington, D.C.
18: Events | First Battle of Bull Run Both sides met at Manassas, VA. The two sides had the same plane to attack the left flank with most of their army. The Confederates overpowered the Union and won. This battle took place on July 21 1861. The Union General was Irvin McDowell, he had 28000 men. The Confederate General was General P.G.T. Beauregard, he had 33000 men. The south won. On the union side 460 were killed, 1,312 missing, 1,124 wounded,29 abandoned. On the Confederate side 13 missing, 387 killed, 1,582 wounded.
20: Battle of Shiloh The first day of the battle the Confederate troops surprised attacked Ulysses S. Grant. On the second day Grant faught hard with 20,000 reinforcements from General Buell. The south retreated to Corinth. This battle took place on April 6-7, 1862 in Shiloh or Hardin County, Tennessee. Major General Ulysses S. Grant and Major General Don Carlos Buell were part of the Union side and General Albert Sidney Johnston and General P.G.T. Beauregard were part of the Confederate side. Victory for the union. Approximately 23,746 men died.13,047 were Union soldiers. The union forces experienced greater losses
21: Battle of Anietam This battle pushed the Confederate back to the south of the Potomac River. The north won a strategic advantage, but no side really won. When President Abraham Lincoln saw that the south was pushed back across the Potomac River he issued the Emancipation Proclamation. on September 12, 1862. This battle took place on September 16-18, 1862 in Sharpsburg, Maryland.. The Major General on the Union Side was George B. McClellan. The Confederate General was Robert E. Lee. There were 23,100 casualties.
22: Battle of Fredericksburg Ambrose E. Burnside had more troops, but could not shoot any body on Robert E. lee’s left flank because they were protected by a bridge. If the Bridge was not there lee would have been defeated. This battle took place on December 11-15, 1862 in Fredericksburg, VA. Ambrose E. Burnside was the General on the Union side. The Confederate: General was Robert E. Lee. This battle was a Confederate Victory. There were 17,929 casualties, 13,353 were Union soldiers.
23: Emancipation Proclamation The Emancipation Proclamation stated that all the slaves or “people held in bondage” were now free from that point forward. "I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall be, free. . . ." It said that all the slaves were free from that point onward, but only the slaves in the South. It also let black soldiers serve in the Army.
24: The Vicksburg Campaign Ulysses S. Grant tried to take over the Confederate town of Vicksburg so he could control the Mississippi River. This took place during April-May 1863 in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The main people involved were Joseph E. Johnstons and Ulysses S. Grant. The Union won Vicksburg and was able to control the Mississippi River. Union 10,000 casualties. The South 9,091 casualties and 29,495 men surrendered.
25: Battle of Gettysburg Robert E. Lee tried to invade the north, but he failed. If he had won he south might have won the war. The south no longer tried to go north anymore and Robert E. Lee never lead any large battles again. This battle took place over three day July 1-3, 1863) in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The Union UnionGeneral was George G. Meade and the Confederate General was Robert E. Lee. The Union won, this stopped the south from taking the war north. 51,112 people were captured, missing, killed, or wounded. (28,000 were from the south and the rest from the north)
26: The Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln made a speech on Nov. 19, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. In the speech Lincoln summed up the consequences of the war and talked about equality and democracy. "Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal." The speech was only two minutes long.
27: Battle of the Wilderness The Union was trying to get to Richmond to attack it, and Robert E. Lee was trying to defend Richmond from the Union. Union forces eventually met and the Confederates attacked them. The conditions were horrible, because the Battle of the Wilderness was fought in the woods, so things caught on fire easily. Nobody won the battle. This Battle took place on May 5, 1864 in Spotslyvania and Orange County. The Union General was Ulysses S. Grant, and the Confederate General was Robert E. Lee. Nobody really won, but the Union had 17,666 casualties, dead, or missing persons and the confederates had 7,500.
28: Sherman’s March to the Sea Union Commander Sherman marched through Northern Georgia, trying to lure the Confederacy into a real fight. The Confederacy instead used it evasiveness tactic and avoided Sherman. So, Sherman instead burned plantations and destroyed railroads and telegraph lines, trying to destroy the South’s infrastructure. His ultimate goal was Savannah, GA so he could take over that port. This took place on November 15, 1864 in Atlanta, Georgia to Savannah, Georgia The Union Commander was William T. Sherman, about 60,000 Union troops, and some Confederate Troops. Sherman's goal was to take over Savannah, Georgia. The North earned Savannah. Death count: 3100, about 2100 were Union.
29: Fall of Richmond Richmond was captured and destroyed by the Union troops. Richmond was the last major city of the South, so the Union’s final act was going to be to capture it. Robert E. Lee waited for the Union troops to come at Petersburg, but the Union troops broke through him. Lee said Richmond couldn’t be defended, so they destroyed all the Confederate documents at Richmond, and moved to Danville, the acting capital. Lee would’ve defended it, but Union General Meade stopped him from coming so Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse. This took place on April 1865 in Richmond, VA. General Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis, General Meade, Ulysses S. Grant were all involved. The Union troops captured Richmond.
30: Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse With Robert E. Lee’s troops weak and exhausted, he couldn’t carry on further. After many notes were passed from Lee to Grant, Lee eventually decided to surrender, because he couldn’t carry on further with his men. This happened on April 9, 1865 at the Appomattox Court House. Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant were involved. Lee surrendered his army to Grant.
31: Assassination of Lincoln President Lincoln was shot in the back of the head (or assassinated) by a man named John Wilkes Booth. This took place five day after the war had ended on April 15, 1865 at Ford’s Theatre inWashington D.C..
32: Elements of the Era | Role of African Americans African Americans played a significant part in the war after the Emancipation Proclamation was issued. Most people in Confederate states and some in the Union thought that slaves were to weak to fight, but after they repelled many Confederate attacks the critics were silenced. A little more than 10% of the Union was African American. The Confederates refused to let African Americans fight.
33: Ironclads Weaponry Ironclads were steam propelled ships that were covered with heavy metal. The First ironclad fight was between the Monitor and the Virginia. Confederates used Ironclads to defend ports and harbors. Union used them to fight Confederate ironclads. These were the First boats to be propelled by steam not the wind | Role of Women They had to take care of their Husband's properties why they are at war and take care of the children. Some would work in the Hospitals so that the men could fight. Some women would also pretend to be men and fight in the war. Women also worked as spies because they would charm men into telling them their plans.
34: Medical Advancements and Hospitals There were no medical advancements during the civil war because people were busy with the war and not really focusing on Medical Advancements. People at this time didn't really know much about medicine. More men in the civil war died from disease than gunshot wounds. There was no antibiotics so people would most likely die from infections. The most common diseases at this time were Dysentery, measles, small pox, pneumonia, and malaria.
35: Spies A spy at this time was someone who would go on to enemy land and camps to get there plans for battles and attacks so that their side could stop them or beat them because they know what the other side is going to do Men, women, children were spies. Men would have to bring it up in a conversation and be good at lying to get information. Women could charm people to get information. Children can just wonder around and hear peoples plans that is why children were the best spies.
36: “Top Nine Events that Lead to the Civil War”
37: “The Vicksburg Campaign”
38: “Robert Edward Lee Biography”< http://www.civilwarhome.com/leebio.htm > (18 Feb. 2011) “Confederate Robert E. Lee”
39: “Battle of Gettysburg”
40: "[Abraham Lincoln, Head-and-shoulders Portrait, Traditionally Called "last Photograph of Lincoln from Life"]." Library of Congress Home. Web. 11 Mar. 2011.
41: Buttre, John Chester. "[General William T. Sherman, Head-and-shoulders Portrait, Facing Left]." Library of Congress Home. Web. 11 Mar. 2011.