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Cleisthenes, How do we know the Truth? Scrapbook Project

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FC: Cleisthenes's Truth By John Min Period 1

1: From a boy, Cleisthenes had always high expectation from his royal, political family. His father, Megacles, was an important statesman, his grandfather was known as a powerful noble ruler, and Pisistratus, his brother, was a powerful general. Cleisthenes always thought the “truth” for him was being able to live up to his grandfather's name, and become a noble ruler. He started to pursue his "truth" at a young age. He saw this "truth" as his number one priority. | Pisistratus: Right, Megacles: Left | Cleisthenes' first pursuit of the fisrt "truth

2: Pisistratus died in 527 BC, and his son Hippias succeeded him. Cleisthenes was now over 40 years old and an established politician. He pursued the first half of his “truth”, and still had the second half left, of becoming a noble ruler. In year 514, Hippias’ brother, Hipparchos, was assassinated. In response Hippias became a savage dictator. Cleisthenes saw this as a chance, and asked the Oracle of Delphi for assistance. By using the “truth” the Oracle told him, he obtained Spartan help, and was finally pursuing for the final half of his “truth.”

3: As Cleisthenes gathered his Spartan help, he eventually overthrew Hippias, who fled to Asia Minor. He thought his pursuit of his “truth” was finally over, and his bid of power was here. However, in the year 510, which was the traditional date of Athens’ liberation from Hippias and the tyrants, Cleisthenes’ “truth” was immediately taken away from him...

4: When, Hippias was driven out of the city, Athens celebrated its liberation, and Cleisthenes could sense that his vision of “truth” was in his grasp. He finally, at last, lived up to the legendary myths he heard since childhood. However, immediately, Isagoras (another nobleman), emerged to challenge Cleisthenes’ power. This left another obstacle for Cleisthenes to overcome, for him to finally pursue his truth.

5: Cleisthenes responded to Isagoras’s challenge by appealing for the supporters far beyond just aristocracy, proposing a series of reforms that would appeal to the ordinary people of Athens. This bold move, by Cleithenes’ passion for the pursuit of his “truth”, made his opponent up the stakes. Isagoras turned to the Spartan King, Cleomenes, for help and dispatched Spartan troops to Athens, chasing out Cleithenes, and his clan, the Alcmaeonids. Even though the basis of Cleisthenes remained, the ambition and determination of the pursuit got stronger because of this event.

6: As Isagoras ruled in tranny, and while Cleisthenes was planning out his final pursuit, both candidates never realized the power or feeling of the pursuit of the “truth”, that ordinary Athenians shared. So when a full-scaled revolt unleashed, both were taken by surprise. The Athenians wanted a free and equal government, so for two days and nights, the people of Athens trapped Isagoras and his Spartan allies on the Acropolis. Isagoras and his allies were forced to agree to a humiliating truce. This indicated that even though Cleisthenes didn’t share the same vision of the “truth”, he still was surprised on the willpower that the Athenians showed in their pursuit. | Climax: The Realization of the Real "Truth"

7: After Isagoras was taken out of power, the ordinary Athenians turned to the man whose experience and disappointments had helped them give a new vision, or “truth” they needed to pursuit. Cleisthenes was recalled from exile and asked to build a new system of government. Since, he witnessed what ordinary Athenians could do and what they fought for, this climax point changed Cleisthenes' "truth" from tyranny, to building a government that genuinely reflects the will of all Athenians. He finally knew that the real meaning of “truth” did not reflect on only one man’s will, it needed to reflect the everyone’s will. He saw that the real pursuit comes from determination and action, and not just looking upon other visions of the “truth”

8: His solution to his task of creating a government that reflects the will of every person was to form a general assembly of all the Athenian free men. Each man had one vote to all the aspects of their city. Cleisthenes thought that this solution was the “truth” because no matter if the person was rich or poor, if they were free, then they could vote on what they want and be content. Also the results of the government were very positive as well. Cleisthenes finally completed his pursuit of the “truth”, his pursuit changed halfway through his life, from wishing to be an honorable ruler, to creating a government that reflects the will of everyone.

9: The impact of both Cleisthenes’ pursuit of his “truth” and reform was felt almost immediately, which revolutionized all aspects of Athenian life. Cleisthenes’ “truth”, or democracy, released unheard potential in citizens and ushered in an age of achievement and prosperity, of the Golden Age of Athens. The “truth” that Cleisthenes finally pursued was partly responsible for Athens’ prosperity, because of the general assembly; citizens were allowed to vote on the aspects, which eventually led to the hidden potential of the Athenians. However, the impact of Cleisthenes’ “truth” did not stop there.

10: The “truth” that Cleisthenes pursued still affect modern day America today. His pursuit inspires us all, on how tough and rough his journey was, but still manage to create democracy today. His vision of the “truth” is relevant and remains with us today by how our government uses democracy to vote on all aspects in individual community. Today, the pursuit of Cleisthenes is the reason why America prospers, and how our government remains in power. Other countries have also admired Cleisthenes’ “truth” (democracy), and use this form of government. With respect to his pursuit, countries have added on to this form and made it stronger. Without Cleisthenes’ vision on his real “truth”, to reflect on everyone’s will, the world around us would have never prospered and progressed this far. | Impact of Clesithenes' "Truth" on 21st Century

11: Citations | "Cleisthenes." Apwhod2011 [licensed for Non-commercial Use Only] /. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. "Chrissy and Jess Time Machine." Chrissy and Jess Time Machine. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan.2013. " M©gacles [610 - ...] Chef Des P©diens." M©gacles [610. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. "The Greeks - Cleisthenes." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013.* "Room 11." Room 11 RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. "Greek Glossary What It Means in Greek Alphabet." Greek Glossary What It Means in Greek Alphabet. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013 "THE GOLDEN AGE: THE GLORY OF ATHENS." N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. "White House Picture." White House Picture. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. "Classics 2010 Ancient Greek Timeline | Isagoras Seizes Power | Event View." Classics 2010 Ancient Greek Timeline | Isagoras Seizes Power | Event View. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. "Timeline." Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. *This site had multiple pages in which I accessed information from. | Positive Consequence - Created democracy - helped reflect people’s will - created the general assembly - forced both Isagoras and Hippias to come out of power Negative Consequence At first, he only did this for power. - his pursuit for the “truth” made his clan (and him) be in exile, for what he did - he abandon his people when Isagoras attacked him with Spartan allies

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