FC: The Cold War | by Sarah Graber
1: what was the cold war? | a Cold War is a non-combat war that mostly includes a large amount of disagreement and fighting. the main two opponents of the cold war were the United States and the USSR in 1945-1960. | "Let us not be deceived—we are today in the midst of a cold war. Our enemies are to be found abroad and at home. Let us never forget this: Our unrest is the heart of their success. The peace of the world is the hope and the goal of our political system; it is the despair and defeat of those who stand against us." -Bernard Barunch.
2: United States | Disliked the USSR because as a country, we feared communism and tried our best to stop the spread of it. the reason the US did not like communism was because we saw communism as unfair to those who worked their way up to get their money, and we disliked the lack of freedoms.
3: USSR. (Russia) | the USSR disliked the US because of their proclaimed "freedom" was freedom to us. their were people living in poverty and many just turned their cheek, communism meant there was some for everyone not a lot for a few select people. | poster advertising the unity of agriculture for the soviet union- working for the country as a whole people. circa 1931
4: Marshal Plan | On June 5th, 1947 the U.S Secretary of state, George C. Marshal gave a speech at Harvard University at a commencement ceremony. this speech proposed the marshal plan which stated the financial help of those other countries threatened by the possibility of being overcome by communism. | "Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist." -George C. Marshal.
5: Truman Doctrine. | The Truman doctrine was a economic and military aid policy that President Truman addressed to Congress, that helped Greece and Turkey as a anti-communist movement. Truman feared Greece and Turkey were currently vulnerable and because of the fear of the spread of communism, this doctrine provided anti-communist aid around the world. | The Truman Doctrine gave over $400 million to the two countries, and set path for the Marshal plan. the doctrine was more made because of our personal fear for the spread of communism than for the help of allies.
6: Arms Race - Weaponry | Weapons drastically changed in the 20th century. the use of hydrogen bombs, atomic bombs, biochemical warfare, machine guns and airplanes all completely changed the war and the tactics used in battle. | MAD, or Mutually Assured destruction was occurring, "he who shoots first, dies last." | When the US advanced a bomb, the USSR did the same, and vice versa, our countries were afraid of being inferior to another. Air Raid Drills were given at every school in America, the constant fear of atomic bombing and hydrogen bombs was present.
7: Space Race! | the Space race first started when the USSR Launched the first ever Satellite, Sputnik in 1957, which surprised the US because they had been planning to launch a Satellite the same year, but the USSR had beat them to it. | As a Result, the US launched Explorer 1 in 1958, after the launch of USSR's Sputnik 2. | The two main super powers of the world at the time, USSR and the USa, became very competitive with space development, and were always trying to outdo another. | "We go into space because whatever mankind must undertake, free men must fully share.President John F. Kennedy | Sputnik.
8: Guatemala Conflicts | -1944-1986 -Dictator Jorge Ubico Castaneda, USA, Rebels and the New Government were all involved | the people of Guatemala wanteed more land, and teh US tried to help people fight for it, by training people for combat, providing supplies, ect. | the US was successful in helping contain the spread of communism, and this all fit in with the Truman doctrine.
9: Rivalry | the rivalries between the USSR and the USA were very large and prominent during the Cold War. the rivalries share similarities to those of Rome and Ancient Egypt long ago. | Despite their supposed partial alliance, like the USSR and the USA, both Egypt and Rome once competed for who had the most advanced technology, weaponry, scholars and military tactics. | Though, unlike Rome and Ancient Egypt, the USSR and the USA were blatantly hateful and competitive of another, Ancient Egypt and Rome at least kept of the face of tolerating one another.
10: Citations: | -"Bernard Baruch: quote on the Cold War." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 9 May 2012. -"Truman Doctrine." Image. Library of Congress. World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 10 May 2012. -"Truman Doctrine (1947)." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 10 May 2012. -"Space Exploration Quotes." Historic Spacecraft. Web. 24 May 2012 -Smithymeyer, Elisabeth. Power Point Arms Race History 24 May, 2012