FC: Dance: The Evolution Through Costumes
1: Created by Group 8 | Parisa Ayers Kuyler Adams Caitlyn Carson Mekayla Kirt Alexandria Livingston Samantha Pack Chandni Patel Emily Robinson Rachel Wilkinson
2: Timeline 1653 – 14 year old King of France - Louis XIV dances in a court ballet as Apollo, wears a sun costume. 1661 – Academie Royale de Danse and Academie Royale de Musique. 19th century * 1827 - Romantic ballet defined from the ideas of Romanticism in art and literature * Classical ballet – traditional formal style of ballet and its known for its aesthetics and rigorous technique 20th century *Modern dance – style of western concert dance *1920 - Neoclassical ballet – style of classical ballet *1950-1960 – Contemporary dance – incorporates elements from many styles of dance
3: Our group is going to give you a chance to dive into the realm of the world of dance. Dance is not a series of simple movements of the body and it's not only done for the entertainment of others in theaters or movies or shows. Dance itself cannot be simply defined or interpreted. Dance has evolved from fluid movements to graceful twists and turns to colorful swirling of dancing costume to graceful patterns of hands to intricate feet movement. Costumes have greatly altered dance and its purpose to show lines formed by the dancer's body and to engage the audience. We will travel through time of ballet, jazz, contemporary dance and to the world of hip-hop. | INTRODUCTION
4: Ballet | From the long skirts that flowed down the dancers legs, to the introduction of the pointe shoe we will explore the costumes of ballet as they changed and the reasons behind the change which was much more than looking pretty. | 1420's - 1930's
5: Classical Ballet | Classical Ballet was developed in the French Courts under the watch of King Louis XIV. Ballet was first used as a court dance, which explains why the costumes closely resemble the court clothes.
6: Romantic Ballet costumes were created to cause the illusion that the dancers were something they were not, most dressed as nymphs, fairies, or other ethereal creatures. These costumes had long skirts, wings, and soft colors. | Romantic Ballet | Classical Ballet | In the later part of this movement though shorter skirts and pointe shoes were introduced to show off the dancer's legs and complicated foot movement. Popular dances of this time include Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty and the Nutcracker.
7: The Ballet Russe was established in 1909 by Sergi Diaghilev. Using elaborate, brightly colored, Oriental inspired costumes. | Ballet Russe
9: Leon Bakst Designer of the sets and costumes of the Ballet Russe. They differed from prior ballet; there were lots of colors and patterns. The costumes were free flowing, not as structured, provocative, and oriental.
10: The Rite of Spring | Igor Stravinsky wrote The Rite of Spring in 1913. It redefined 20th-century music. The music seemed designed with no apparent order and as the curtain went up and the opening notes were heard, a ruckus broke out in the auditorium. Stravinsky's score contained many strange features for its time, including experiments in tonality, metre, rhythm, stress and dissonance.
11: Nicholas Roerich created costumes that were influenced by traditional Slavic folk dress | The ballet depicts an ancient pagan ritual sacrifice where a young girl dances herself to death.
12: has been referred to as “the father of American ballet.” He was born in St. Petersburg, Russia in 1904. Balanchine made it to the United States after enjoying some success in France as a choreographer for the Ballet Russe. Balanchine then went on and founded the New York City Ballet in 1948. | George Balanchine
13: Neoclassical Ballet | Neoclassical dance is a 20th century dance form inspired by the movements and aesthetics of classical ballet, however, dancers often dance at more extreme tempos and perform more technical feats. It draws on the advanced technique of 19th century Russian Imperial dance, but strips it of its detailed narrative and heavy theatrical setting. | Agon: music by Igor Stravinsky and choreography by George Balanchine. | Many times dancers still wear pointe shoes to maintain the line and aesthetic of classically-trained dancers. Sometimes the dancers wear the classic tutus, but many times dances are performed in practice leotards or minimal costuming to show off the choreography and the dancers' bodies.
14: Modern Dance Ballet Russes started a movement in the direction of modern dance. Interest in the body & how it works, planted the seed for what we know as modern dance
15: Isadora Duncan technique heavily influenced by ballet however she slowly moved away from normal ballet styles to a type of style she believed was more natural. | Martha Graham's influence on dance is often compared to that of the influence Picasso had on modern visual arts. She created a new style of movement, based on contraction and release, and pioneered the idea of dance as "emotional activity."
16: Initially called aesthetic dance | Costumes became more comfortable and were decided based on theme of dance | Modern dance in America is being created by women which contrasts the many male choreographers in Ballet | Martha Graham is known as the mother of modern dance | Idea of Modern Dance in America accepted due to the age of new development
17: Modern Dance A style of dance that stems from the core, or torso, of the body and uses elements like contact-release, floor work, fall and recovery, and improvisation. | Contemporary Dance Dance style that encompasses aerial work, is site specific, includes improvisation and everyday movements, it is all about what is happening now. | VS.
18: Contemporary Dance | Contemporary dance evolved from ballet and modern dance techniques that were used to display drama and to further express emotions.
19: While other genres of dance are centered around the ideas of flexibility or sharp and precise movements, the choreography of contemporary dance takes on a more unconventional approach. Elements from non-western culture such as bent knees taken from African style dancing are incorporated.
20: The costumes of contemporary dance varied according to the theme or message a show wanted to convey. Generally, elaborate costumes were not used to enable dancers to freely move. For example, lighter clothing was worn and dancers were usually barefoot.
21: Merce Cunningham was a student of Martha Graham and was considered the first to stray away from her modern dance techniques. He has had a unbelievable influence on dance in the 20th Century | His style highlighted ultimate abandonment. Today because of his influence contemporary dance is characterized by being a free form of dance to express the innermost feelings a dancer has.
22: Jazz dance is an American art form that was formed in the late 20th century with influences from vernacular dance, European classical music, and African polyrhythms. Jazz was the first music and dance that originated in the United States, with an impact from different cultural flavors of music. | Jazz
23: Chorus lines, were a group of women that were escaping their hardships through dance. This was an attraction for men in juke joints in the north. | Families could go to New York to see the Rockettes, which was a chorus line of all white women. This family environment allowed people to escape the hardships of the depression. | Voudeville, a place where a combination of variety acts including singing and dancing occurred, this eventually evolved into present day Broadway.
24: Dances in the Caribbean would take place in a transient state, which was an artistry that Dunham wanted to bring to the United States. When Dunham returned, she combined what she knew from her ballet influences and her new ideas from the Caribbean, which became known as the Dunham technique. This technique involved isolation, grounded movement, pageantry, ritual, costuming of the Afro-Caribbean techniques. Dunham technique highly influenced the forefathers of jazz. | Katherine Dunham, who was trained young in contemporary ballet, was funded to go on a trip to the Caribbean to study African dance. She focused on a dance specifically found in Haiti and Jamaica, called voudon.
25: Dunham's costumes were very elaborate and she focused on pageantry which was one of her Caribbean influences she reproduced. This included long skirts, elaborate tops, drapery and colorful fabrics.
26: Bob Fosse and Jack Cole are known as the forefathers of Jazz. Fosse deconstructed what seemed to be the traditional view of jazz dance in the United States. He wanted to give the idea of timelessness so he stripped the sets to the bare minimum. The costumes were deconstructed down to just leotards which normally were just black. With these outfits there was a feeling of slick, sexy and streamline from the dancers.
27: Important points in jazz include African American tradition, polyrhythms , syncopation and musical theater (which included, television, films, plays and concerts). A famous musical during this time was the West Side story. | Broadway also changed show wise as well, there were different types of shows; straight plays: where there was no singing and little dance and then there were musicals. Also another dominant thing were the movements in jazz, such as isolation, parallel legs, tap, and pageantry.
28: Robert Moses | -master builder of 20th century: favored construction of new highways over preservation of existing neighborhoods -built Cross Bronx Expressway -destroyed communities: people had to abandon homes -led to influx of drugs and violence -reason hip hop is in existence today -Hip Hop was a positive response to the negative situation in inner cities ("urban blight")
29: 1. B-Boying, Breaking, and Break Dancing 2. MCing/Master of Ceremonies 3. DJing/Disc Jockeying 4. Graffiti/Graphic Arts 5. Knowledge
30: Hip Hop Costumes | Salt N Pepa paved the way for female acts and also opened the door for the collaboration between all 5 hip hop pillars. | Run-DMC: started the commercialization of hip hop (they promoted/wore Adidas). This materialization was a way of showing success
31: Lately, Hip Hop is growing up. Original artists, such as Jay Z, transformed from just artists to artists and million dollar business owners; so their style has to grow up along with them.