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David Jones Comparative Government

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FC: Comparative Government David Jones Block 4

1: The United States of America

2: USA | Adoption of Constitution: March 4, 1789 Governmental System: Federal, the power is spread among three branches as well as between federal, state, and local governments Governmental Power: Limited, the Constitution outlines the limits of the government Major Political Parties: Democratic Party, Republic Party, Green Party, and the Libertarian Party

3: USA | Executive Branch - Head of Government: President Barrack Obama Vice President Joe Biden -Cabinet: Appointed by president with Senate approval - Elections: Every 4 years Legislative Branch - Bicameral Congress: - Senate- 100 seats, six year terms - House of Representatives- 435 seat, two year terms Judicial Branch - Highest Court: US Supreme Court - 9 Justices, life-long term - Lower Courts (descending): - Court of Appeals - District Court

4: USA | Historical Significance: The government was founded by settlers hoping to escape the monarchy of Britain. This would mean that the settlers would favor a federal system rather than the unitary system of Britain. Economy: Mixed, business owner can make their own decisions concerning their company but must follow some governmental guidelines Imports: Industrial supplies (32.9%), consumer goods (31.8%), capital goods (30.4%), and agricultural products (4.9%) Exports: Capital goods (49%), industrial supplies (26.8), consumer goods (15%), and agricultural products (9.2%)

5: The United Kingdom

6: UK | Constitution: The current constitution is unwritten but is expressed through statutes as well as common law and practice Governmental System: Unitary, powers is centralized in Parliament Governmental Power: Limited, as stated above, the limits on government are stated through statutes and common law Major Political Parties: Conservative Party, Alliance Party, Democratic Unionist Party, Labor Party , Liberal Democrats, Party of Wales, Scottish National Party, Sinn Fein, Social Democratic and Labor Party, Ulster Unionist Party , and United Kingdom Independent Party

7: UK | Executive Branch - Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth - Head of Government: Prime Minister David Cameron - Elections: The monarchy is hereditary and the prime minister is usually the leader of the majority party and coalition Legislative Branch - Bicameral Legislature - House of Lords (780 seats, no fixed membership) - House of Commons (650 seats, 5-year terms, elected by popular vote) Judiciary - Highest Court: Supreme Court (12 justices, selected by an independent committee and recommended by the Prime Minister)

8: UK | Historical Significance: When the unification of the UK came to be in 1707, Britain was at the head of it, this meant that the British wanted to centralize the power in their sector so the other countries couldn't try and break away Economy: Mixed, the government imposes some restriction but business owner can, for the most part, run their company however they like Imports: Manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, foodstuff Exports: Manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals, food, beverages, tobacco

9: Mexico

10: Mexico | Constitution: Latest approved February 5, 1917 Governmental System: Federal Governmental Power: Limited, the limits of the government are set forth in the Mexican constitution Major Political Parties: Citizen's Movement, Institutional Revolutionary Party, Labor Party, Mexican Green, Ecological Party, National Action Party, New Alliance Party, Party of the Democratic Revolution

11: Mexico | Executive - Chief of State/Head of Government: President Enrique Pena Nieto - Cabinet: Appointed by president but some positions require consent of the Senate - Elections: President elected by popular vote every six years Legislative - Bicameral National Congress - Senate (128 seats; 96 members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) - Chamber of Deputies (500 seats, 3-year terms) Judiciary - Highest Court: Court of Supreme Justice (21 judges and 5 supernumerary judges, nominated by pres. and approved by Senate, serve for life)

12: Mexico | Historical Significance: Mexico gained its independence from Spain, which had a unitary government system. Citizens of Mexico wanted to escape the oppressive rule of the unitary system so when they gained their independence, they set up a federal government. Economy: Mixed Imports: Metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, car parts for assembly, repair parts for motor vehicles, aircraft, and aircraft parts Exports: manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton

13: The People's Republic of China

14: China | Constitution: Promulgated December 4, 1982 Governmental System Unitary Governmental Power: Limited Major Political Parties: Chinese Communist Party, eight independent small parties ultimately controlled by the CCP

15: China | Executive Branch - Chief of State: President Xi Jinping Vice President Li Yuanchao - Head of Government: Premier Li Keqiang -Cabinet: Appointed by National People's Congress -Elections: Pres. and Vice elected by Congress (5-year term) Legislative Branch - Unicameral: National People's Congress (2,987 seats; members elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses, and People's Liberation Army, 5-year terms) Judiciary - Highest Court- People's Supreme Court (340 judges, chief justices appointed by congress, other judges nominated by chief justice)

16: China | Historical Significance: China was shaped by dynasties ruling so it would make sense that the power is vested in s central authority as, traditionally, the dynasty would have all the power Economy: Mixed Imports: electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels; nuclear reactor, boiler, and machinery components; optical and medical equipment, metal ores, motor vehicles; soybeans Exports: electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, radio telephone handsets, textiles, integrated circuits

17: Sweden

18: Sweden | Constitution: Adopted January 1, 1975 Governmental System: Unitary Governmental Power: Limited Major Political Parties: Center Party, Christian Democrats, Green Party, Left Party, Liberal People's Party, Moderate Party, Social Democratic Party, Sweden Democrats

19: Sweden | Legislative Branch - Chief of State: King Carl XVI - Head of Government: Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt - Cabinet- Appointed by Prime Minister - Elections: the monarchy is hereditary, leader of majority party or coalition in the legislature is Prime Minister Legislative Branch - Unicameral Parliament (349 seats, 4 year terms, elected by popular vote, on a proportional representation basis Judiciary - Highest Courts: - Supreme Court of Sweden ( 16 justices) - Supreme Administrative Court (18 justices) - Selection: Nominated by Board of Judges, appointments are permanent after a probationary period

20: Sweden | Historical Significance: Sweden has traditionally been ruled by a monarchy so it makes sense that the power would be held by a central authority after being ruled by one person Economy: Mixed Imports: machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothing Exports: machinery, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicals

21: Citations | "China." Central Intelligence Agency. Open Gov, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. . "China". Flag. Encyclopdia Britannica Online. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. "Government." The Wichita Eagle. Wichita Eagle, 30 Dec. 2012. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. . "Mexico." Central Intelligence Agency. Open Gov, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. . "Mexico". Flag. Encyclopdia Britannica Online. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. "Sweden." Central Intelligence Agency. Open Gov, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. . "Sweden". Flag. Encyclopdia Britannica Online. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. "United Kingdom." Central Intelligence Agency. Open Gov, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. . "United Kingdom". Flag. Encyclopdia Britannica Online. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. "United States." Central Intelligence Agency. Open Gov, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. . "United States of America, flag of the: Stars and Stripes, 1818". Flag. Encyclopdia Britannica Online. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.

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