FC: To Kill a Mockingbird Visual Literary Analysis
1: Setting: the place or surroundings where something takes place To Kill a Mockingbird Setting: Maycomb, Alabama 1930 a small southern town filled with old ladies, racism, gossip, and conflict, along with conflict, and drama
2: Setting Quotes: "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square. Somehow, it was hotter then: a black dog suffered on a summer's day; bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the sweltering shade of the live oaks on the square. Men's stiff collars wilted by nine in the morning. Ladies bathed before noon, after their three-o'clock naps, and by nightfall were like soft teacakes with frostings of sweat and sweet talcum." (Lee 5). "The Maycomb County courthouse was faintly reminiscent of Arlington in one respect: the concrete pillars supporting its south roof were too heavy for their light burden. The pillars were all that remained standing when the original courthouse burned in 1856. Another courthouse was built around them. It is better to say, built in spite of them. But for the south porch, the Maycomb County courthouse was early Victorian, presenting an unoffensive vista when seen from the north. From the other side, however, Greek revival columns clashed with a big nineteenth-century clock tower housing a rusty unreliable instrument, a view indicating a people determined to preserve every physical scrap of the past." (Lee 24). Why Settings Important: The setting is very important because it helps you understand why everyone is so ill educated, and racist
3: Scottsboro Boys Trials, and Emmet Till: The Scottsboro boys were accused of raping 2 white girls but later the girls admitted that they lied, and all but to of the boys served prison sentences, one was shot, and eventually the charges were dropped Emmet Till was a 14 year old boy accused of flirting with a white women, he was murdered under false pretenses
4: Parallels to the Story: In all these cases African Americans were falsely accused of raping, or being involved with a Caucasian female, but in the end they all ended up being innocent of the accusations
5: Point of View: The view the story is told from TKaM Point of View: The book is written in first person point of view, and the book is narrated by Scout a young rambunctious tom girl
6: Point Of View Quote: "'Your father does not know how to teach. You can have a seat now.' I mumbled that I was sorry and retired meditating upon my crime" (Lee 17).
7: Harper Lee Perspective Explanation: Harper Lee chose to tell it from scouts perspective because she was Innocent, and unaware of everything happening around, making it where the reader had to figure out things by themselves. Reading the book through a child's eyes adds more mystery, and questions. | Event From Jems Eyes When They Ran From the Radley House: "As I was running from the Radley house my pants got caught on the fence and ripped off my body but I kept running, and didn't look back. I didn't really care about my pants until I got home. The next day i went back, and saw that my pants were neatly folded, and fixed. This astounded me, the only person who could have done this was boo Radley"
8: 3 Conflicts, and How They Affect Characters: a. The people of Maycomb are highly racist, this external conflict affects everyone in the town, making it impossible to help an African American b. Scouts internal conflict of becoming a lady. Scout is a tom boy who is not used to manners or being polite, she would rather get in a fight than sit down for tea. This causes people around scout to either fear or hate her. c. Jem growing up is an internal conflict, he's always in a battle to figure out whats right, or wrong. He is becoming more intelligent, and has been helping scout make the right decision, but sometimes he doesn't know what to do, how to feel about certain things, or why things happen. This inevitably changes how scout acts.
9: Characterization Dynamic Character: A dynamic character is a character who undergoes an inner change, or changes personality. Static Character: A character who shows no inner change, this character doesn't grow throughout the story. | Two Dynamic TKaM Characters: 1. Scout a young girl who is just learning about the world. Scout changes throughout the story because of all the things she experiences. The Tom Robinson case showed her that people are cruel, and unfair. Her Aunt coming to visit showed her the importance of becoming more lad like. 2. Jem is a young man who is growing up very quickly, and is highly intelligent. Throughout the story Jem changes, he becomes moody, and angry. He also faces a lot of experiences that better him like his fathers struggle with always doing whats right, being respectful, and learning lessons.
10: 2 Static Characters in TKaM: 1. Atticus Finch, a strong, and courageous man. Atticus never changes through the story, he stays the same person, the only thing that changes is his kids view of him, along with the towns view, but he never changes. 2. Calpurnia a mother figure to the children, and a religious African American women. Calpurnia never changes throughout the book, she isn't really allowed can considering shes African American, so for her to change would most likely be out of character for these times.
11: Symbols | Definition: Something that stands for something else, like how a mockingbird symbolizes an innocent person | Title Significance: The title of this book compares certain people to mocking birds, the people that are considered to b mocking birds are innocent, but most people see them as evil
12: Characters that are considered "mockingbirds": | Boo Radley- He never leaves his house because hes afraid of the evil outside, everyone views him as bad off of the story's they've heard but really hes a great person who's never harmed anyone. | Tom Robinson- A black man falsely charged with rape. He is proven guilty even tho all the evidence says he didn't do it. He's a good man who gets accused of rape just because he is black. | Scout Finch- Shes just an innocent little girl who gets dragged into the dramas of her hometown, Maycomb. She never really tries to harm anyone because she doesn't know any better.
13: Theme | Theme Definition: A main subject that is being focused on, or an important part of the story that should be payed attention to | 3 Themes From TKaM: 1. Treat someone with respect no matter how awful they are 2. Conflict can be better solved with your mind, and not your fists 3. You don't know someone until you walk a mile in their shoes
14: 1. "There's some folks who don't eat like us," she whispered fiercely, "but you ain't called on to contradict 'em at the table when they don't. That boy's yo' comp'ny and if he wants to eat up the table cloth you let him, you hear?" "He ain't company, Cal, he's just a Cunningham-" "Hush your mouth! Don't matter who they are, anybody sets foot in this house's yo' comp'ny, and don't you let me catch you remarkin' on their ways like you was so high and mighty! Yo' folks might be better'n the Cunninghams but it don't count for nothin' the way you're disgracin' 'em—if you can't act fit to eat at the table you can just set here and eat in the kitchen!" Calpurnia sent me through the swinging door to the diningroom with a stinging smack (Lee 26).
15: 2.“You just hold your head high and keep those fists down. No matter what anyone says to you, don’t let ‘em get your goat. Try fighting with your head for a changeit’s a good one, even if it does resist learning.” (pg. 76).
16: 3.“You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view — until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.” (Lee 30).
17: Real World Themes: These themes can easily be applied to the real world because you never know someones struggle until you've experienced it, or treating someone how you would want to be treated, and it's easier to to take on the world with a smart mind rather than your fists.