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Era 8

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Era 8 - Page Text Content

BC: All pictures used in this book are credited under Creative Commons.

FC: U.S. History | Era 8 | By: Charlotte Bistue and Brianna Gouch

1: Dedicated to Mr. Ward :-)

2: Civil Rights Movement ................. page 3 cold war .................................. Page 11 Domestic policy ........................ page 24

3: The Civil Rights Movement

4: The Civil Rights Movement was a worldwide series of political movements for equality before the law that peaked in the 1960s. The main aim of the Civil Rights Movement included ensuring that the rights of all people are equally protected by the law, including the rights of minorities, women's rights, and LGBT rights. It also ended racism,

5: Rosa Parks was an activist during the Civil Rights Movement. She is known as "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". On December 1st, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in the colored section to a white man when the bus driver ordered her to. | ROSA PARKS

6: Martin Luther King Jr. | Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. King leg an unsuccessful struggle against segregation in 1957. He led many nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama. He also wrote the speech "I Have a Dream". He was shot on April 4th, 1968 while planning a national occupation of Washington D.C..

7: While Martin Luther King Jr. was a nonviolent protester, there were also violent protesters. Malcolm X was one. Malcolm X was born on May 19th, 1925 in Omaha, NE. He was an African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. At the age of 20, he went to prison for or larceny and breaking and entering. While in there, he joined the Nation of Islam. He was the public face of the controversial group for 12 years. | Malcolm X

8: Freedom Rides & Sit-ins | Freedom rides and sit-ins were used frequently during the Civil Rights Movement. Freedom rides were used on buses, while sit-ins occurred in restaurants , bars, etc. Freedom Riders rode the bus to stop segregation. Sit-ins happened because white waiters/waitresses refused to serve African Americans. The people not being served would sit there until they got served, which rarely happened.

9: I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character. When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual. Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last. From the speech "I Have a Dream," by Martin Luther King, Jr., on August 28, 1963, at the height of the civil rights movement.

11: The Cold War

12: The Cold War

13: The Cold War was a state of political and military tension between powers in the West (such as United States) and the powers in the East (such as USSR).

14: Cause #1 Ideologies | The Soviet Union was a Communist country, ruled by dictator Joseph Stalin, that put the needs of the state ahead of personal human rights. | The USA was a capitalist democracy which valued freedom and feared Communism.

15: "One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is distinguished by free institutions, representative government, free elections, guarantees of individual liberty, freedom of speech and religion, and freedom from political oppression. The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed on the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio, fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms." --- speech by President Truman (1947) | The ideologies of both sides were militant and expansionist. Both believed that the opposite ideology was a threat to their own way of life. They both believed that the only way for the world to be happy is to have their ideology take over the world.This mixture of ideological fear and aggression meant that in both America and Russia, their beliefs invaded and affected their foreign policies.

16: Cause #2 Aims | Stalin wanted huge reparations from Germany, and a ‘buffer’ of friendly states to protect the USSR from being invaded again. | Britain and the USA wanted to protect democracy, and help Germany to recover. They were worried that large areas of eastern Europe were falling under Soviet control.

17: The " Big 3" found it difficult to reach an agreement at Conferences about post war peace. It proved impossible to get agreement on the details at the Conference of Ministers - set up after the war to agree the post-war settlement - and the Conference eventually broke down altogether. | This picture shows Great Britain and the USA trying to offer the Soviet Union a twenty-five year alliance.

18: Cause #3 Resentment About History | The Soviet Union could not forget that in 1918 Britain and the USA had tried to destroy the Russian Revolution.

19: Britain and the USA could not forget that Stalin had signed the Nazi-Soviet Pact with Germany in 1939. | These resentments was part of the hatred they had for each other but they provided weapons in the propaganda war which they both used against each other.

20: Cause #4 Events | Against this background of underlying differences in ideologies, and aims, and historical resentments, there were a series of events which bit-by-bit broke down the alliance and turned the allies of the war into enemies.Neither side trusted the other. Because they were so different, each side saw each event differently, and believed they were in the right ... and that the other side was in the wrong. So every action they took made them hate each other more:

21: Some events that caused the Cold War: | 1) Yalta Conference Feb 1945 2) Potsdam conference Jul 1945 3) Hiroshima Aug 1945 4) Salami Tactics 1945-48 5) Fulton Speech Mar 1946 6) Greece Feb 1947 7) Truman Doctrine Mar 1947 8) Marshall Plan June 1947 9) Cominform Oct 1947 10) Czechoslovakia Feb 1948

22: In December of 1991 the Cold War officially ended. With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the Berlin Wall the USSR( particularly Ukraine, Byelorussia, and Russia) disbanded and the countries declared independence.

23: Mikhail Gorbachev the president of the Soviet Union gave the people more freedom to help the economy which eventually resulted in a revolution that ended the cold War.

24: Domestic Policies

25: Domestic Policies are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders. Domestic policy covers a wide range of areas, including business, education, energy, health care, law enforcement, money and taxes, natural resources, social welfare, and personal rights and freedoms. Some examples are abortion rights, the rights of LGBT, the role of religion in public life, and the place of cultural diversity in education and employment. Many domestic policy debates concern of government involvement in economic and social affairs.

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  • Title: Era 8
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