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Germany Education Abroad

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S: GERMANY DECEMBER 2013 EDUCATION ABROAD TRAVEL JOURNAL

BC: DECEMBER 2013 EDUCATION ABROAD | REBEKAH KANTOR TRAVEL JOURNAL WACHTER 4970 | GERMANY

FC: GERMANY | DECEMBER 2013 EDUCATION ABROAD | REBEKAH KANTOR TRAVEL JOURNAL WACHTER 4970

1: We travel, some of us forever, to seek other states, other lives, other souls. ANAIS NIN | 1

2: TABLE OF CONTENT | 2

3: Nymphenburg Palace [4-7] Residence Museum [8-9] King’s Garage [10-11] BMW World and Museum [12-15] Olympic Park [16-17] Garmisch, Germany [18-19] Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church [20-21] The Reichstag and Bundestag Buildings [22-23] Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe [24-25] Jewish Museum [26-27] Berlin Wall Monument [28-29] Bauhaus Archive [30-31] Museum of Contemporary Art [32-33] Nikolai Quarter [34-35] German Culture [36-37] Index [38-39] Sources [40-41] | 3

4: NYMPHENBURG PALACE AND PARK | 4

5: The castle is absolutely gorgeous and elaborate from the decor, architecture, and interior design. Upon arrival, several residents of Munich were exercising in the park or casually hanging out with their pets and their friends. Based on the use of the property now, I can only imagine the appreciation of the beauty of the Royal Family. This park makes it apparent that health and well-being are important to the community. Touring the museum really taught me about European synthesis' of the arts. | 5

6: On day 1 (Monday 12/16) we started our day by going to the Nymphenburg Castle And park. As we got off the train, it was apparent that this was in a prestigious neighborhood. We learned that the residential housing we were walking past cost millions of dollars because of the land and the desired location. The castle itself is of the Baroque style, much like the architecture in Versailles accept that Versailles is much bigger and was run by King Louis the 15th. The main part of the Nymphenburg castle in the middle is the royal quarters for the family. Then there is a separate quarters for the servants and caretakers. Main points of the castle: - Lots of gold - Porcelain museum inside the castle because the royal family had their own manufacturer during the time - The park in the castle is a public park for everyone. In the summer, people will come here to sunbathe and hang out | BACKGROUND Agostino Barelli was the architect who was commissioned to build Nyphenburg Palace, starting in 1664. During the Max Emanuel the complex was extended with side galleries and residential buildings designed in 1701 by Henrico Zuccalli. From 1714, under the direction of Joseph Effner, the adjacent four-winged buildings were completed and the facade of the central building was modernized in the French style: the hunting lodge was now an extensive summer residence of absolutist proportions. Elector Karl Albrecht completed the complex on the city side with the Rondell buildings. Today King Ludwig I's world-famous Gallery o Beauties is exhibited in Nymphenburg Palace. The Palace Park, which covers an area of around 180 ha, was originally a Baroque garden, and was transformed with the exception of the central parterre at the beginning of the 19th century by Fredrich Ludwig von Sckell into a landscape garden. In the extensive grounds, the famous pavilions, the Amalienburg, Pagodenburg, Badenburg and Magdalenenklause, are also open to the public. | 6

7: NYMPHENBURG PALACE AND PARK | 7

8: RESIDENCE MUSEUM | 8

9: For centuries the Munich Residence was the political and cultural center of first the dukes, then the electors (from 1623) and finally the kings of Bavaria. As the residence and seat of government of the Wittelsbachs, the history of this palace is inseparable from that of Bavaria’s ruling dynasty. The various rulers furnished and extended the rooms to suit their own personal tastes. Engaging important artists for the purpose. The Residence was also the place where rulers kept their art collections and treasure. There were separate wings for the workers of the residence. A lot of the designs are done in the Rococo, Baroque, and Neoclassical Styles with lots of French-made furniture pieces and Asian collectibles. | On our tour, we only saw the actual Residence Museum, but there is also the Residence Treasury and the Cuvilies Theatre here. These were the apartments for the royal family members who lived in the Nymphenburg Palace we saw earlier. This residence also had its own front yard that is now a park, like the palace. This is now open to the public, a park called hofgarten. People come with their dogs to play or just to walk around. | 9

10: KING'S GARAGE The King's Garage, called Marstallmuseum, houses state coaches, sleighs, and riding equipment used by the Bavarian rulers. All of the carriages are done in different parts of Europe (wood carvings in Italy and fabric from France). The carriages were typically only used once because the royal family had so much money that they could afford to have new ones made. The occasions in which one would make a new carriage would be for a wedding, coronation, or hunting. But in the marstallmuseum, all of these vehicles belonged to King Ludwig II. | 10

11: So elaborate and so much detail! Imagine how much time it took to make each one of these. Is this really economical? Probably not. But you don't give two 16 year olds the same car, right? | 11

12: BMW WORLD AND MUSEUM | BMW World is a deconstructive style building. This is where the purchaser can see their car and then pick it up. Once the car is completed and off the assembly line, the car is transported underground to the BMW World display building. The new owner can drive their car on the European Tour and then take it to a port where it is shipped to the U.S. (either New York, New Orleans, or local dealership.) | 12

13: BMW World is where the cars are on display after production. You can learn anything you want about the cars by asking an employee but this building is interactive and for visual use. I loved how you just go up to the cars and sit in them to really get the feel for the car. In turn, the car itself was the educator. Even in the gift shop there were displays with information and attractive lighting to bring you to them (like image on the top left). Grand stairways between floors and restaurants through out enhance the active environment within BMW World. The environmental awareness BMW provides its customers is an electric car. Although they know this isn't a solution, its used as a marketing technique which creates networks for charging stations. Essentially, this is the cradle to cradle concept -- a closed loop. | 13

14: BMW MUSEUM | The museum was established in 1972, shortly before the Summer Olympics opened. From 2004 to 2008, it was renovated in connection with the construction of the BMW Welt, directly opposite. The museum reopened on June 21, 2008. The museum shows BMW's technical development throughout the company's history. It contains engines and turbines, aircraft, motorcycles, and vehicles in a plethora of possible variations. In addition to actual models there are futuristic-looking, even conceptual studies from the past 20 years. The use of headphones and clever, often indirect lighting, lend the exhibition a largely peaceful atmosphere. The emphasis is on technical development and benefits of modernity. The building blends in with the exhibition concept. Known as the salad bowl or white cauldron, the silver futuristic building was designed by the architect of the BMW Headquarters, the Viennese professor Karl Schwanzer. The roughly circular base is only 20 meters in diameter, the flat roof about 40 metres. The entrance is on the ground floor and consists of a cloakroom (in basement) and reception. First, the visitor ascends on a spiral upward in the building to visit the exhibits. Slideshows and smaller, in-depth exhibits are located on four "islands" inside the building. After "looping" the actual exhibition visitors reach the upper floor, where there are individual exhibits, a small cinema hall and several interactive exhibits that explain the technology further. An escalator leads visitors finally back into the ground floor. | 14

15: BMW MUSEUM | FASCINATING INTERIOR DESIGN! | 15

16: OLYMPIC PARK | 16

17: There are no foreign lands. It is the traveler only who is foreign. ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON | Ok, I'm seeing a trend here. The city as a whole is interactive and encourages the residents to take in what is around them. Olympic Park, like the other attractions we've seen here has become an appreciation to everyone in Munich. Since it is a park, it promotes a healthy lifestyle and is still used for sporting events as needed. | 17

18: GARMISCH, GERMANY | CUTEST TOWN AWARD! | 18

19: Garmisch is a super cute and quaint town in the Alps. According to Hepi, this town is about the size of Norman. The town is not military related but it had a U.S. Army base here in 1949 and then closed a few years later in order to consolidate the town. There were also other military bases as well but these stayed open, including the bases towards the east/Russia. Before this time, there was no military presence. The Americans who were stationed here loved the town. | FACTS AND OBSERVATIONS - Adorable Town! - People come here to ski - Painting is done on the outside of buildings which are meant to sophisticate the building and make it look like it has architectural details. This is very typical of Bavarian style buildings. When this is done on a church, the paintings are usually angels and religious symbols - Churches are usually dedicated to a specific family who commissioned to have the church built and/or painted - Many homes use solar energy | 19

20: KAISER WILHELM MEMORIAL CHURCH | 20

21: King William I had the church dedicated to him in 1895 but in 1943 the church was bombed and the tower was the only thing that remained. They wanted to replace the church but it didn’t happen. Professor and Doctor Egon Eiermann was the architect who redesigned the church. It was meant to remove the remaining tower but there was an uproar over this so he had to compromise. Instead, he changed the design to keep the tower. His new design was a hexagon with brick and modern stained glass. The church, the Kaiser (emperor) Wilhelm, became a landmark after the tower renovation. Prussians vs. Bavarians - Bavarian and Prussian War in 1800s but no one won. Instead, they married the two. - In Bavaria, they liked to paint on the walls. In Prussia, they liked mosaics, as we see in this church. | 21

22: THE REICHSTAG AND BUNDESTAG BUILDINGS | On June 20, 1991 the German Bundestag decided to move the Parliament back to Berlin. The Reichstag Building (this page) would be the new home. Shortly following, there was a competition where the winning admit designed this glass dome (on the right). Some of the other buildings pictured on the right are some of the other parliamentary buildings in the surrounding. Entering the building, you see the modern interior equipped with state-of-the-art technology. The British architect Lord Norman Foster managed to preserve the historic shell of the Reichstag Building. What makes this building unique is the full we see inside the dome. Because all the government business is down below, the funnel traps natural light and air and sends it down. it moves during the day to truly make this effect, also filtering stale air back out. Talk about health and well-being efficiency! | 22

23: 23

24: MEMORIAL TO THE MURDERED JEWS OF EUROPE | 24

25: The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is in the center of Berlin, serving as the Holocaust memorial for Germany. The decision to build the memorial was done by the German Federal Parliament. Designed by Peter Eisenman, the memorial consists of a Field of Stelae containing 2711 concrete blocks plus an Information Center. The Information Center has a Starting Hall with an overview of the terror, a line of images with texts, and six portraits representing the six million victims. The Room of Dimensions consists of diaries, letters, and notes that were written during the Holocaust. The Room of Families gives brief biographies or murdered and missing victims. The Room of Sites shows geographical extent of the Holocaust in all of Europe. Historical film and photo material represent 220 exemplary places of persecution and murder of European Jews and other victims. The Commemoration Site Portal offers current and historical information concerning commemoration sites, museums, and memorials and provides insight into the world of European memories of the Holocaust and WWII. Additional databases are provided so you can search victims in Yad Vashem. Lastly, there is a Video Archive which offers interviews with Holocaust survivors. | 25

26: JEWISH MUSEUM | 26

27: - Architect has clients ask him to build museums and highly visible buildings with an identity on the outside of the building, it looks like a block with abstract windows set different heights and levels - It has awkward structural elements that are load bearing | - Said to be post modernism but doesn’t have the feature of most postmodern buildings - Resembles a broken Star of David - The architect considers himself a deconstructivist. He tries to separate the structure of the building from the use of the building, which is something we see in gothic Architecture. Gothic architecture was part of celebrating God and reaching a tall height with the building which, in turn, makes it closer to God. This defeats gravity | 27

28: BERLIN WALL MONUMENT | 28

29: All over Berlin, the wall that used to separate East and West Germany has some sort of remnant. On the left we see how the city embraced the surroundings and were commissioned to paint murals on the wall. Now what was once a threat is now inviting and happy. This presents the wall in a different light, creating a healthy environment with fun artwork. By the Reichstag Building, the city provided plaques on the ground to show where the wall was (top image in left hand column). We also went to a Wall Monument. It represented where the wall was. In this area, the East German government closed windows with bricks because people were trying to jump over the wall through the windows. Because the government was really strict, these buildings were eventually torn down. The street went right up against the wall. Metal plaques indicate that someone dug a tunnel from their basement to go under the wall and to the other side. By the wall, there was also something called a death strip, which is a strip of land with mines. If you crossed it, the mines would blow and self-shooting systems go off. Before the wall, there was just barbed wire but people were escaping so the government built the wall. Border control personnel could only be on-guard of the wall if they had no Western family because you were the least likely to escape. The wall was 3 feet wide concrete and took 18 month to complete because the wall was made in prefabricated pieces. | 29

30: BAUHAUS ARCHIVE | 30

31: Bauhaus was an idea to get together and teach architecture, design, and art in collaboration instead of traditional ways. This is what the theory of education was to the students. Students had to emerge in all branches of art but then had to declare an emphasis. The idea was to get a well-rounded background in design and arts. The original Bauhaus Archive was intended to be in Darmstadt but never materialized because they couldn’t get the site to work financially so Berlin offered them a site in the 1970s. In 1972, the building was constructed by Walter Gropius. The artistic mediums shown in this museum are architecture, lighting, weaving, woodwork, metalwork, photography, pottery, preliminaries (painting, drawing), furniture design, and commercial art | Architecture is the reaching out for the truth. LOUIS KAHN | 31

32: MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART | 32

33: The museum of Contemporary Art was opened in 1846 and used to be Hamburg Station, connecting Hamburg and Berlin. Based on the arched top of the building, we can see how this was a transformed building. The architect for the main railway company in the 18th century was Neuhaus. This was the only revival station in Berlin because all others were destroyed in WWII by air raids. This station became popular and busy because of this, so likewise, the station was outgrown. After 20 years it became an administration building and then turned into the Museum of Contemporary Art. When this happened, it was redesigned by Kleihus. This museum is by far the weirdest place I have ever been. Because the museum was showcasing contemporary art, the exhibits and museum specialists fulfilled the contemporary tile. There were lots of videos of people doing very odd things and real life people walking around and singing. It was almost like the intent was to make you ponder on several aspects, including the actual environment of the museum. | 33

34: NIKOLAI QUARTER | 34

35: Nikolai Quarter is the oldest part of Berlin, where it all started. This area is tiny! Literally probably about the size of Campus Corner in Norman. It’s so crazy to think that this whole city evolved from this small little area. This center block is the oldest part. Most of what is seen here was restored in the 1980s because lots of things were heavily destroyed during the war and completed in 1988. The newer buildings are prefabricated so that they fit in with the existing buildings. This is a trend I noticed throughout Germany. Although they blend in pretty well, you can tell they’re prefabricated because you can see the joints. The bottom picture on this page shows Nikolai Church which was the first church in the city. The style is called New Romanesque because it was built in the medieval times which started before Christ. Alt Berliner Restaurant Zur Gerichtaube (middle picture on left on this page) was the original court but was converted into a restaurant pretty early on. Rather than building new buildings, in Germany I have constantly noticed the reuse of buildings. This gives them a history in themselves. | 35

36: GERMAN CULTURE | SO MUCH FUN! | The German culture is so much fun! I can’t even begin to explain my favorite parts. I absolutely love the history here. I love how so many buildings and things have transformed from one use to another. In the U.S., we see things being built left-and-right so one sole purpose. They are only unique to that specific time. I even liked the food! I was really surprised when I enjoyed the duck and the red cabbage. I am so glad we came during Christmas time because these Christmas Markets throughout the country were so quaint but offered lots of variety in food and entertainment (like the snow hill sledding you see in one of the pictures). The spirit of Christmas was voluptuous and bright with lights and fun! We even learned about old German cars called a trabant. The picture here is a blue plastic car. At the time this was the only car available in East Germany. The waiting time to get one was 8 years and you could only get one if you were a “friend” of the communist regime. At the time they were either yellow or beige. There was an incentive to produce them buy not to make them quickly. | 36

37: FOOD, DRINKS, CHRISTMAS CARNIVALS, CARS, FUN, RIDES | 37

38: INDEX | 38

39: B - Berlin; pg. 22, 27-28, 31, 33, 35 C - Culture; pg. 36 J - Jewish - Jewish Museum; pg. 26-27 - Memorial to Murdered Jews of Europe; pg. 24-25 M - Memorial; pg. 20-21, 24-25 - Munich; pg. 5, 8, 17 - Museum - BMW World and Museum; pg. 12-15 - Jewish Museum; pg. 26-27 - King’s Garage Museum; pg. 10-11 - Museum of Contemporary Art; pg. 32-33 - Residence Museum; pg. 8-9 O - Olympic; pg. 14, 16-17 P - Palace - Nymphenburg Palace and Park; pg. 4-7 - Park - Nymphenburg Palace and Park; pg. 4-7 - Olympic Park; pg. 16-17 T - Trabant; pg. 35 | 39

40: SOURCES | 40

41: (2012, Oct). King Ludwig II and his castles. Bayerische Schlosserverwaltung (2013, 9). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. BMW Museum. Retrieved December 31, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BMW_Museum Bayerische Schlosserverwaltung. "Residence Museum, Treasury, Cuvillies Theatre." Munich Residence Print. Bayerische Schlosserverwaltung. "Residence, Nymphenburg Palace and Park, SchleiBeim Palace and Park, Dachau Palace." Munich May. 2013 Print. "Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe and Information Centre." Information Print. Rauer, G., & Reinold, M. (2011, August). Facts: The Bundestag at a glance. Deutscher Bundestag | 41

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  • Title: Germany Education Abroad
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