S: Calvatia gigantea
BC: There's A Fungus Among Us...
FC: Giant Puffball Mushroom | Created by: Gloria Yakobchuk | Calvatia gigantea
1: Mushroom Information............. Taxonomy............................ Appearance.......................... Harvesting+ Maturity............... Where They're Found............... Edibility+ Food...................... Health................................. Vocab/ Glossary..................... | pages 2-3 pages 4-5 pages 6-7 pages 8-9 pages 10-11 page 12-13 page 14 page 15 | Table of Contents
2: ~-Mycology is the study of mushrooms. ~ -Mushrooms are NOT plants because they don't photosynthesize. ~ -The mushroom is the part that holds the spores. - Spores are similar to the seeds of a flower. ~ -Fungi feed on dead organic matter, therefore they're decomposers. | Fungi!
4: Kingdom - Fungi Phylum - Basidiomycota Class - Agaricomycetes Order - Agaricales Family - Agaricaceae (Lycoperdaceae) Genus - Calvatia Species - C. gigantea Binomial Name - Calvatia gigantea | Taxonomy
5: - Classified as a fungi because it's a decomposer and obtain its nutrients by absorption. - Put in the phylum of basidiomycota because 1.) it's a club mushroom, 2.) the organ that produces spores (the basidium) are sexual spores, and 3.) the basidium are born on mushrooms. - In the agaricomycetes class because it absorbs its food and produces a mushroom/ fruiting body. - Classified in the agaricales order because its field mushroom and is edible before maturity. - Placed with the agaricacea / lycoperdaceae family because it doesn't hold its spores inside gills. - In the genus calvatia because all it consists of are puffball mushrooms. - Put in the C. gigantea species because of its large, or giant, size.
6: >The Giant Puffball mushroom is white. > It can grow up to the size of a soccer ball, but an average one is about as big as a baseball. > It can weigh up to 40 pounds! > The inside is white and fleshy almost resembling tofu. > If it's any other color on the inside, then it's past the edible stage. | Appearance
7: > The mushroom has no stipe. > Has some shallow craters and bumps, but overall, very round. > There is no distinct cap shape. >The largest ever recorded was close to 5 feet in diameter and weighed 50 lbs.!
8: Harvesting and Maturity | When the puffball mushroom is ready it will look round, white, and have a few cracks. | It will fruit in late summer to early fall. It's the most prolific of all fungi although most of the spores don't germinate.
9: When the puffball begins to rot, the trillions of spores will mature. It is NOT edible at this point. Each spore is 3.5 to 5.5 microns in diameter. In other words; really, really tiny! | When the mushroom turns brown and the spores mature, water, wind and sometimes animals, will carry them place to place so more puffballs can grow and make more mushrooms! | Reproduction
10: Where They're Found | * The Calvatia gigantea is found in fertile, grassy places such as parks and fields. * In America, a large portion is found east of the Rocky Mountains and central U.S. (where there is a lot of plains and grassy meadows.) * Also popular near woodlands, scrublands, and roasdside verges.
11: * Abroad these mushrooms are common in the British Isles. (see below) * In Lithuania, Poland, and parts of Norway, the Giant Puffball is considered rare.
12: Are They Edible? | Yes! The puffball is said to be one of the most delicious wild mushrooms you can cook! Although the actual mushroom is very bland with a dense meaty taste, it absorbs flavors very well. Perfect for sauteing! In fact, it's one of the more popular edible mushrooms.
13: The fact it absorbs flavors and such so well, you can't run the mushroom under water or else it will become soggy. To clean, use a damp or lightly wet paper towel. | Dry puffballs can be powdered and sprinkled over tasteless foods.
14: Health | Used for medical reasons such as: > minimizing bleeding in blood clots > contracts tissues > proven to be effective against some tumors (in small amounts only) > prevents infections
15: Glossary | Most of you are wondering what half of these confusing words mean. Here's the definitions! (In order of page # seen on) | photosynthesize- to make food using light spore- reproductive body of an organism taxonomy- classification stipe- stalk or stem of an organism fruit- to bear offspring or to germinate prolific- abundant; productive | germinate- to begin to grow or develop micron- millionth of a meter roadside verges- land between the edge of the road and the closest hedge or fence scrublands- a plant community or area of vegetation abroad- anywhere away from the usual boundaries of your country