FC: The Story Of the Great Depression and the New Deal
1: Table Of Contents | Politics and Government -Hoover Administration - Election of 1932 Economics -The Stock Market Crash of 1929 -Unemployment Labor -The Fair Labor Standard Act - The Social Security Act. Farming - The Dust Bowl - The New Deal Programs Minority -African Americans - Mexican American Credits
2: Hoover Administration | Politics and Government | A number of government programs were created to address the Great Depression. /CCC - Civilian Conservation Corps- provided gobs /CWA - Civil Works Administration- Its focused on the high paying jobs in the construction arena resulted in a much greater expense to the federal government than originally anticipated. /FHA - Federal Housing Administration- The FHA was designed to regulate mortgages and housing conditions. /FSA - Federal Security Agency- it administered social security, federal education funding, and food and drug safety. /SSA - Social Security Act-The Social Security Act was designed to combat the widespread poverty among senior citizens.
3: Election Of 1932 | Why did FDR win by so much? How can this election be interpreted in terms of how people felt about their government and leaders? /Roosevelt won the election because he cared about the people, and they liked his ideas for the new deal program where as Hoover did nothing to fix the economy, and only cared about the rich.
4: The Stock Market Crash of 1929 | Economics | The Stock Market Crash of 1929 devastated the economy and was a key factor in beginning the Great Depression. | People thought the stock markets were going to crash, so they all started pulling their money out at one time and in turn actually making the banks crash.
5: Unemployment | In 1933, at the worst point in the Great Depression years, unemployment rates in the United States reached almost 25%, with more than 11 million people looking for work.Farmers who had lost their land and homes to foreclosure as a result of the Dust Bowl made up a large part of the idle workforce. “Hoovervilles” and shantytowns sprung up all across America, areas in which people gathered and constructed makeshift homes out of boxes, packing crates, abandoned cars, and scraps of wood. To solve the problem of unemployment during the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt created a number of job-related programs as part of his New Deal
6: The Fair Standard Labor Act. | Labor | The fair labor standard act establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, record keeping, and youth employment standards affecting employees in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments. Covered nonexempt workers are entitled to a minimum wage of not less than $7.25 per hour effective July 24, 2009.
7: Social Security Act. | On August 14, 1935, the Social Security Act established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped.
8: The Dust Bowl affected many farmers in the Great Plain during the time of the Great Depression. The Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms. This caused major agricultural damage. There were sever drought experienced during this time. Farmers were not able to grow there crops therefore they were not able to make a living to support their family. Many people were forced to leave there homes. Many of those family migrated to are such as California and other states, where they found economic conditions litter better. Back home millions of Farm lands were destroyed. The Government knew that they had to do something to help all of this people. | Farming | The Dust Bowl
9: In response, the federal government mobilized several New Deal agencies, principally the Soil Conservation Service formed in 1935, to promote farm rehabilitation. Working on the local level, the government instructed farmers to plant trees and grass to anchor the soil, to plow and terrace in contour patterns to hold rainwater, and to allow portions of farmland to lie fallow each year so the soil could regenerate. The government also purchased 11.3 million acres of submarginal land to keep it out of production. By 1941 much of the land was rehabilitated. The Government also passed the TVA, Tennessee Valley Authority. | The New Deal Programs
10: African Americans | Minorities | Minorities were never favored during this time. They would always have the lowest paying jobs and bad working conditions. This was no different for African Americans. They always had a harder time finding a job and the jobs that they did get did not pay them as well, as they would pay a white man and even not as much as they paid a white women. Until more new deal programs cam are such as the NRA. They did not only offered whites the first crack at jobs, but authorized separate and lower pay scales for blacks. The Federal Housing Authority (FHA) refused to guarantee mortgages for blacks who tried to buy in white neighborhoods, and the CCC maintained segregated camps. Furthermore, the Social Security Act excluded those job categories blacks traditionally filled.
11: Mexican American | About 7,000 Mexicans got deported back to Mexico in the year 1930. The Federal Bureau of Immigration and local authorities rounded up Mexican immigrants and naturalized Mexican American citizens and shipped them to Mexico to reduce relief roles. In a shameful episode, more than 400,000 repatriodos, many of them citizens of the United States by birth, were sent across the U.S.-Mexico border.The Farm Security Administration established camps for migrant farm workers in California, and the CCC and WPA hired unemployed Mexican Americans on relief jobs. Many, however, did not qualify for relief assistance because they did not meet residency requirements as migrant workers. Furthermore, agricultural workers were not eligible for benefits under workers' compensation, Social Security, and the National Labor Relations Act.