BC: S O U R C E S | Images came from Google Images. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gupta_Empire
FC: Gupta Empire
2: 320-550 CE
3: It in in parts of todays India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
4: They had a Monarchy, the first leader they had as Sri-Gupta (who most likely named the Empire after himself), then Ghatotkacha, Chandragupta I, Nishamusgupta, Samudragupta, Ramagupta, Chandragupta II, Kumaragupta I, Skandagupta, Purugupta, Kumaragupta II, Budhagupta, | Narasimhagupta, Baladitya, Kumaragupta III, Vishnugupta, Vainyagupta, Bhanugupta, and finally Shashankgupta. The top picture is there written language (called Sanskirt), and the bottom one is a golden coin of Shashankgupta.
5: They came up with many ideas, such as the concept of zero, the earth rotates around the sun, they studied solar and lunar eclipses, many major concepts on ayurvedic medicine, with innovative chapters on surgery, doctors invented several medical instruments, and even conducted surgeries. Also plays were written, Chess is believed to be oriented from them as well, with the pieces they called infantry, cavalry, elephants, and chariotry, which would turn into pawns, knights, bishops and rocks, respectively. Also,they proposed the fact that the Earth is not flat, but rotates around on it's on axis. They also learned that the Moon and planets shine by reflected sunlight, and other things involving gravity.