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Hermann Goering: The Pilot of The Reich

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BC: I believe that Hermann Goering should be placed on the our class's Wall of Shame because of his truly evil crimes against humanity. His involvement in the Holocaust, which was responsible for the death of 6.5 million Jews, in undeniable and his war against economic freedom and mainstream culture is unethical and morally wrong. | Hermann Goering: The Wall of Shame

FC: Hermann Goering: The Pilot of The Reich By: Nathan McCutcheon

1: Hermann Wilhelm Goering was born in the Marienbad Sanatorium, which was in close proximity to Rosenheim, Bavaria, on January 12, I893. He was born to Heinrich Ernst Goering, and major member of the the German Consular Service, and Franziska "Fanny" Tiefenbrunn, a simple Bavarian peasant woman. Hermann had 4 siblings; they were Albert, Karl Ernst, Olga Therese Sophia, and Paula Elisabeth Rosa. His childhood was spent living in a one of a few old castles along the Austrian-Bavarian that were purchased by Hermann's godfather and close family friend, Hermann Epenstein. Though Anti-Semitism was spreading throughout Germany and its allies, Hermann's family was not Anti-Semitic. | Hermann Goering's Childhood

2: At his country's time of need, Goring joined the German Army in 1912. He served as a soldier as in the infantry during the first few months of WWI, but was later taken away from the front lines when he was hospitalized with rheumatoid arthritis in the knees due to the harsh conditions of trench warfare. After his recovery, he decided to leave the trenches behind and pursue a career in the German Air Service, or in German "Luftwaffe." He was mentored in flying skills and air service conduct by a fellow pilot and friend named Bruno Loerzer, and then became a full-fledged fighter pilot. Goering eliminated his first enemy aircraft on November 16, 1915. | Goering's Military Start

3: Goering showed great skill during his flying career and quickly moved up the ranks in his assigned squadron. After both Wilhelm Reinhard and Manfred von Richthofen, past away, he became the flight leader of the legendary Jagdgeschwader 1 Air Unit. The JG 1 squadron was a vital part of the Luftwaffe in WWI and would become a key unit for Goering when he commanded the Luftwaffe in WWII. | An Ace Pilot

4: At the end of WWI, Hermann Goering had shot down 22 bogey aircraft. He was known to honor pilots that he considered good competition, and on one occasion he actually landed to meet an enemy pilot and congratulate him on his fierceness in battle. Goering was awarded the Iron Cross and the coveted Pour le Merite for his bravery and tenacity in the skies. | Goering's Military Decorations

5: After WWI, Goering worked for the Holland based aircraft manufacturer Fokker. He also flew commercial flights in the countries of Denmark and Sweden. During the inter-war years, he met and married Swedish Baroness Karin von Krantzow. Karin had divorced her own husband, Nils Gustav von Krantzow, in the December of 1922 to be able to become Goering's wife. Her former husband payed a large settlement to his ex-wife which the newly-wedded Goerings used to purchase their first home in the Bavarian Alps. | Post WWI Period

6: Goering first met Hitler in 1922 and joined the National Socialist Party (Nazi). He was appointed to the head of the brown-shirted Strumabteilung, which is translated to Stormtroops and abbreviated the S.A. (Note: The stormtroopers in the Star Wars saga were originally based off of this group.) Because Goering came from a wealthy and aristocratic family, he was a crucial factor in selling the Nazi agenda to the big German corporations who were afraid that Soviet Communism would eventually ruin their businesses. He walked alongside Adolf Hitler during the Beer Hall Putch in Munich in 1923, and was hospitalized after being shot in the groin. During his stay in the hospital, he became addicted to the strong pain medicine morphine. | Goering's Nazi Endeavors

7: Goering, being Hitler's right-hand-man, was a key player in helping the Nazi's rise to power in 1933 and was given the task of growing Germany's military might and enforcing Nazi authority among the German states. He quickly formed the Gestapo, which was a group of secret Nazi sympathizers who were given the duty to make arrests and exterminate those who opposed Hitler's ideals. Goering became the head administrator of the Four Year Plan in 1936, which was a Nazi agenda to reestablish Germany as the true economic powerhouse in Europe. This gave him virtually complete control over both the private and public centers of business. | Hitler's Right Hand Man

8: Adolf Hitler appointed Hermann Goering his successor on the June 19, 1940. He also promoted Goering to Reichsmarschall, which was the highest military rank in the Third Reich and gave him absolute authority over all of the the ground and air operations of the German military. Goering used this elevated status to live in the utmost of luxury and sophistication. He indulged in many pleasures such as the collection of valuable art and the hunting of big game. He built a huge mansion outside of Berlin called Karinhall, which he named after his deceased wife (Karin died of tuberculosis in 1931). He lived there with his new wife Emmy Sonnemann, who he married in 1935, and their daughter Edda, who was born in 1938. Goering changed uniforms at least 5 times every day, and always wore valuable medals and jewelry which he acquired during his rise to power. | A Life of Luxury

9: After the Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass) pogrom on November 9, 1938, Goering ordered that the German Jewish population would henceforth be excluded from all economic activities. He order the "Aryanization" of their property and private businesses and excluded them from public schools, parks and resorts. Goering continued to persecute the Jewish people throughout Germany's annexed lands as well as Germany itself. On July 31, 1941, Goering ordered fellow Nazi officer Reinard Heydrich to wrap up the loose ends of the "Final Solution" to the Jewish question. This instruction basically stated that Goering approved of previously made plans for the carrying out of the Holocaust and wanted his affiliates to prepare for the coming purge of the Jews in Europe. | Goering's Final Decision: Death to The Jews

10: During the start of Second World War, the Luftwaffe seemed to dominate the skies over Europe and gained victory after victory against the air power of the Ally Coalition. But, after their defeat at the Battle of Britain in 1940, the Luftwaffe's success dwindled. Goering authorized civilian bombings throughout the British Isles which drew unwanted attention on the world stage. The Luftwaffe became more of a burden for the Reich than an asset as the war endured. The Luftwaffe also sustained a resounding defeat in the Battle of Stalingrad. Because of the Allied landings in North Africa and Normandy, and due to the increasing amount of bombing runs made on German industrial cities by the Royal Air Force, the Luftwaffe could not focused on the Russian campaign as Goering intended. | Hermann Goering's Luftwaffe

11: The Luftwaffe's defeat on both the Eastern and Western fronts caused Goering to lose favor with Hitler. Goering was humiliated and his self-pride destroyed as he could do nothing but sit and watch as the Allies slowly freed the territories that he had worked so hard to conquer. As the dreaded Red Army began to surround and shell the German capital of Berlin, Hermann Goering sent a telegram to the Bunker where Adolf Hitler was hiding. Goering said that, being Hitler's designated successor, if the occupants of the bunker did not reply in a certain amount of time that he would consider Hitler unable to lead the Reich and assume control of Germany as the next Fuhrer. Hitler, who was still alive at the time, received the telegram and became infuriated. Hitler considered the ultimatum a form of high treason and banished Goering from the Nazi Party altogether. Two days before he took his own life, Hitler ordered Goering, his wife, and his daughter to be executed. | The Fall of The Reich

12: After Hitler's suicide and the Nazi's fall in Berlin, Goering surrendered to the Allies in Bavaria on May 9, 1945. He was tried at the Nuremberg Trials and was charged with the conspiracy to wage war, crimes against peace,war crimes, and crimes against humanity. Though he fought the prosecution relentlessly with his charisma and narcissistic personality, he was found guilty of all for counts and was sentenced to be hung. Wanting to die as a martyr and be remembered as a German hero, he committed suicide by taking a potassium cyanide pill in his cell the night before he was scheduled for execution. | Goering's Final Days

13: "Naturally the common people don't want war: Neither in Russia, nor in England, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship. Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the peacemakers for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in any country." "Would you rather have butter or guns? Preparedness makes us powerful. Butter merely makes us fat." "Education is dangerous - every educated person is a future enemy." "Shoot first and ask questions later, and don't worry, no matter what happens, I will protect you." "Whenever I hear the word culture, I reach for my revolver." "The Americans cannot build airplanes. They are very good at refrigerators and razor blades." | Hermann Goering's Famous Quotations

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