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S: Water,Beans, and Other Nutritional Things

BC: To Zambia With Love

FC: Water, Beans, & Other Nutritional Things

1: Water, Beans, & Other Nutritional Things Created By: Jessica Jones Tayllor Cochrane Katie Glass


3: Hi, my name is Jessica Jones and I attend Siegel High School in Tennessee. I love hanging out with my family and friends and volunteering at my church and giving to those in need. When we got the chance to write a book for children in Zambia I was absolutely thrilled to get started and had a blast working on it with all my friends. So we really hope you enjoy reading about Water, Beans, and Other nutritional things. | Muli shani! My name is Katie and I'm in tenth grade. I play basketball for my high school. I really enjoyed making this book and I hope you learn something new by reading it. This book is a class project we are doing in our English class, but I don't feel like it is a project. This book is an opportunity for me to connect with someone halfway across the world from me and maybe teach you something new. I've always wanted to come to Zambia to see the Victoria Falls. I am very ecstatic for you to read our book! | Hey everybody, I'm Tayllor and I also attend Siegel High School. Playing soccer and running are two of my favorite things to do outside of school. Writing this book meant so much to me because it allowed for me to be able to make a difference in someone's life outside of America. I hope you enjoy reading our book as much as I enjoyed writing it!

5: Table of Contents: Water.....................................................................p.7 Life Saving Seeds......................................p.8 Problems with Water..................................p.9 Purifying Water..........................................p.10-12 Beans..............................................................p.15 Introduction..........................................p.16 Food Issues..........................................p.17 Africa's Plan..........................................p.18 Problems with Farming..........................p.19 How to Help.........................................p.20 Nutritional Things...............................................p.23 Nutrition.............................................p.24 Malnutrition.........................................p.25 Moringa Trees.....................................p.26 Balanced Diet......................................p.27 A Healthy Life......................................p.28 Glossary..........................................................p.31

7: water | 7

8: used for vegetables and medicine in Africa and Central and South America"(Worlds 1). Moringa seed trees are drought resistant and are highly nutritious. | Living in Africa can pose many difficulties on ways to find safe and clean drinking water. A cool way we have discovered to clean drinking water is to use moringa seeds. "These seeds are usually | 8

9: "We have discovered that organisms found in dirty water can cause nausea, cramps, diarrhea, and headaches. "Statistics show that 1.2 billion people still lack safe drinking water and more than 6 million children die from diarrhea each year"(Ali 2). | Science has figured out how to purify water by using moringa oleifera seeds to kill all the bacteria in the water. "This tree is also known as the Malanggy, Benzolive, | Horseradish, Ben oil, and Drumstick tree"(Use 1). Using this tree helps reduce the cloudiness of the water and makes it safer to drink. This technique is a earth-friendly and cheap way to have great tasting water. | 9

10: To clean your dirty water you need to follow these six simple steps. Step 1- Gather moringa seeds and crush them into tiny particles until there are no big chunks left. | Step 2- Add the crushed seeds to a jar of dirty water. Step 3- Mix the seeds around in the jar until the water becomes a thin paste. | 10

11: Step 4- Shake the watery paste until the seeds and water are properly mixed together. | Step 5- Strain the paste so that only the water comes out and not the seeds. Step 6- Shake the paste again and then restrain. | You MUST wait two hours until after adding the seeds to the water until you can drink it. | 11

12: When the cloudiness of the water is really high it can cause you to catch disease micro organisms such as viruses, parasites, and some bacteria. This easy way of cleaning water is very simple and needs no added chemicals to make it work. | "Please remember that the dirtier the water you have the more moringa seeds you will need to use to kill all the bacteria in the water"(use 2). "This process kills 90.00% to 99.99% of bacteria in water"(Worlds 1). | 12

13: "We never know the worth of water until the well is dry." -Thomas Fuller | 13

15: beans | 15

16: Food is an important necessity for life. You must consume healthy and nutritional fruits and vegetables to have a well balanced diet. One of the best ways to consistently get an effective and inexpensive supply of reliable food is to grow a garden. Specifically, there is a major food crisis in many regions on the continent of Africa. The majority of African families rely on home gardens and livestock to provide food and income. However, more Africans need to be informed about home gardening and their diet (Musotsi). With more knowledge about gardening more people will have a persistent and nourishing meal on a daily basis. | 16

17: According to the national Academy of Sciences, about one-third of the sub-Saharan African region lacks the food necessary to meet daily nutritional requirements. Yet, native vegetables may be able to help solve Africa's food crisis and help regenerate weak rural economies (Dobbins). Particularly in Zambia, most people aren't self-sufficient in agriculture and even those who are don't have a healthy diet. Most live off of maize and meal. Meal is often hardly-cooked which makes it indigestible. In Zambia, malnutrition is endemic which is mostly due to droughts. On the graph below it shows malnutrition and famine in Africa. Zambia is highlighted in the light yellow which means it is chronic in malnutrition. By having maize as a base diet, adults and children are having a protein deficiency which allows less resistance to malaria and other harmful diseases (Swab). What you eat can affect your body in a variety of ways and by educating more Africans about adequate diets and home gardening lives might be saved. | 17

18: The majority of Africa's indigenous plants grow well in poor soil. Vegetables such as eggplant, long bean, and many more provide nutrients that can help end hunger (Dobbins). For instance, peanuts are a good source of protein and can also be crushed to make peanut oil, which is an important cooking ingredient in Africa. Potatoes and maize are also low-cost and easy-to-grow crops that have caused a spike in population growth, but shouldn't be used as a sole diet alone (Hannon). In Zambia honey gathering is an important food source. It can be used for sweetening and is also a good source of protein (Swab). More crops like these need to be introduced to low income regions to help with malnutrition in depleted areas. | 18

19: Today each person has twenty-five percent more food on average than they did in 1960, while in Africa they have ten percent less ("Organic"). Several unfortunate factors in Zambia have set Zambians back in the agricultural field. Government policies, outside intervention, and rapid urbanization have all attributed to depleting self-sufficiency. For example, Westerners strived to replace traditional African agriculture and modify it with what they believed croplands should look like. Due to this, Zambian croplands consist of neat clean rows and deeply turned soil. This has led Zambian farmers into a drought situation (Swab). Maybe if traditional farming was reintroduced it might help Zambians become more self sufficient. | 19

20: You may be wondering what you can do to make a difference. One single person can do many great things. If you already know how to plant something or you have a garden yourself teach a friend that doesn't know how. You can teach them how to dig up the soil, water and care for it, and nurture it into a beautiful plant. On the other hand, if you don't know how to plant a seed ask one of your friends or a family member to teach you. When you finally get the hang of it, teach someone else. By passing information on to another person, they may teach someone how to plant a seed and the information might influence more people to garden. You can make a difference. | 20

21: You have the power to create change in your country by planting one seed at a time. | 21

23: nutritional things | 23

24: This doesn't mean that if you eat a chicken you will actually turn into a chicken, it means that every little thing you eat affects the way your body works.Certain foods, such as fruits and vegetables, help your body to grow and develop normally and to fight off illnesses that could possibly lead to death. Learning about nutrition, which is the way food effects your body, and maintaining a balanced diet can help you to lead a healthy lifestyle which will lead to a long, enjoyable life. | In America, we have a saying that "you are what you eat." | 24

25: One issue relating to not following a balanced diet is malnutrition. Malnutrition is the lack of proper nutrition and is often caused by not having a variety in your diet. In West Africa today, the extent of malnutrition is among the highest in the world (Simms). Those who suffer from malnutrition often are more prone to disease and have stunted mental and physical growth. Reasons for malnutrition vary, but two of the main causes are lack of knowledge and not having the right foods to eat. | 25

26: One of the most nutritious foods provided in Zambia is the moringa tree and its leaves. It's a small, thin tree with leaves that look like those of spinach. I'm sure that if you have these trees in your village, you know exactly how green and delicious these leaves are. If not, just look at the pictures above and below. Each leaf contains more vitamins and nutrients than any other food in West Africa, and possibly the world (Simms). This food alone can single-handedly help in fighting the war against malnutrition and can also be a very nutritious addition to any diet. | 26

27: There are various ways to maintain a balanced diet. The first step in following any diet is to understand how each food effects your body. Another saying we have here in America is that "an apple a day keeps the doctor away." Eating fruits and vegetables everyday is a must to any diet because they help to build up your immune system, | which is the part of your body that fights off sickness and disease. Certain fruits, such as blueberries and kiwi, contain antioxidents which also help your body to fight off possibly deadly diseases such as cancer. Knowing how much of something to eat in a day is just as important as knowing what each food does for you. | Your body needs a certain amount of each food group in order for your body to function normally. To help keep up with what you should eat on a daily basis, you can follow a food pyramid. A food pyramid is a trianglular chart used to represent each food group, which are shown above, and the amount of each that you should eat a day. | 27

28: 28

29: People who are very active and play sports especially need a regular diet as well as proper amounts of water in order to stay hydrated (Fundakian). Once you have learned to maintain a healthy, balanced diet, your life will change for the better. You can wake up every morning feeling happy and refreshed knowing that you're healthy. Who knew foods could be such life changers? | 29 | Eating a balanced diet with a variety of foods gives you the energy you need to stay active, which is important to your growth and brain development (Fundakian).

31: Glossary B -Bacteria- Ubiquitous one-celled organisms, spherical, spiral, or rod-shaped and appearing singly or in chains. C Cancer- Any of various malignant neoplasms characterized by the proliferation of anaplastic cells that tend to invade surrounding tissue and metastasize to new body sites. Chemical- A substance with a distinct molecular composition that is produced by or used in a chemical process. D Deficiency- A lack or shortage, especially of something essential to health. Disease- A pathological condition of a part, organ, or system of an organism resulting from various causes, such as infection, genetic defect, or environmental stress, and characterized by an identifiable group of signs or symptoms. H Hydrated- To supply water to (a person, for example) in order to restore or maintain fluid balance. I Indigenous- Originating and living or occurring naturally in an area or environment. Indigestible- Difficult or impossible to digest. M Maize- Corn Malaria- An infectious disease transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito. Malnutrition- Poor nutrition because of an insufficient or poorly balanced diet or faulty digestion or utilization of foods. N Nausea- A feeling of sickness in the stomach characterized by an urge to vomit. P Parasite- An organism that grows, feeds, and is sheltered on or in a different organism while contributing nothing to the survival of its host. R Regenerate- To form, construct, or create anew, especially in an improved state. U Urbanization- To make more industrial and city-like. V Vitamins- Any of various fat-soluble or water-soluble organic substances essential in minute amounts for normal growth and activity of the body and obtained naturally from plant and animal foods. Virus- Any of various simple submicroscopic parasites of plants, animals, and bacteria that often cause disease. | 31

33: Works Cited "Application in treatment of low turbidity water." Journal of water resource and protection. Ali, Eman. et et al. "Production of Natural Coagulant from Moringa Oleifera Seed for Academic." Onefile. Web. 31 Jan. 2011. Dobbins, Chris. National Academies. 31 Oct. 2006. Web. 6 Feb 2011. Fundakian, Laurie. Vol. 1. 3rd ed. p486-495. (5966 words) From Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 Feb. 2011. Hannon, Shannon. "The Journey of New World Foods." When Worlds Collide.PBS. 2010. Web. 2 Feb. 2011. Musotsi, A.A., A.J. Sigot, and MOA. Onyango. "The role of home gardening in household food security in Butere division." Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 8.4 (2008): 375+. General One File. Web. 3 Feb 2011. Simms, J.T. "Ingenuity, Peanut Butter, and a Little Green Leaf." World Policy Journal 27.3 (2010): 75+. General OneFile. Web. 3 Feb. 2011. Swab, Janice Coffey. "Food and health: the Zambian experience." Africa Today 40.3 (1993): 55+ General OneFile. Web. 27 Feb. 2011. "Water Purification with Moringa Seeds." Dian Desa. Waterlines. Volume 3. No. 4. April 1985. pages 22-23. Intermediate Technology Publications. 103-105 Southampton Row. London WC1B 4HH. United Kingdom. Web. 31 Jan. 2011. "Worlds Most Useful Tree Provides Low Cost Water Purification Method for Developing World." Pediatrics Week Apr. 2010: 59. Health reference center academic. Web. 31 Jan. 2011.

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  • Title: Hope Project
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