S: Ireland Study Abroad June 2011
FC: Ireland Study Abroad Trip 2011 June 6th through June 30th
1: Left DFW Airport on June 3rd at 7:40 pm Arrived in London Heathrow on June 4th at 10:45 am Flight Time: 9 hours and 5 minutes London Heathrow to Cork Airport Left at 2:00 pm Arrived at 3:15 pm Flight Time: 1 hour and 15 minutes
2: I stayed in Lancaster Lodge my first night in Ireland. It was also my first time to stay in a hotel room by myself. When I walked into the room I couldn't figure out how to get the electricity to come on. I walked back down to the front desk, thinking there must be something wrong with my room. The receptionist informed me that I needed to place my hotel key card in a slot next to the door to get the electricity to come on.
3: I arrived at the hotel in the afternoon. I had to find somewhere to eat dinner that evening. I was very tired and didn't want to go to a restaurant by myself. I looked up delivery places on the internet and found out there was a Domino's a few blocks from the hotel. I walked there to pick up the pizza, and brought it back to the hotel.
5: My room v the model | University Hall is the name of the apartment style dorms we stayed in. My apartment had five bedrooms, each with its own bathroom, and a common area. University Hall was about a five minute walk from our classroom. Class took place from 9 to 12 and from 1:30 to 4:00. My roommates and I would come back to our apartment to cook lunch every day. A bus stop was very close to the apartments. We would ride the bus to go to City Center or to Tesco. It cost 1.60 Euros to ride the bus one way. City Center was essentially downtown Cork. Tesco was Walmart.
6: Blarney Castle There have been 3 different versions of the castle built in the same spot. In 1200 AD a wooden castle was built. In 1210 the wooden castle was replaced with a stone one. The castle was destroyed in 1446 and later rebuilt. King Cormac MacDermot McCarthy was in charge of the rebuilding. The castle walls were built at an angle. The tower gets narrower as it goes up. Precautions were put into the design of the castle in case of an attack. Invaders would be slowed because of the design. The Blarney Stone was part of a tower built in 1446. The tradition is that those who kiss the stone will have the gift of gab. In 1586, Queen Elizabeth I tried to gain control over the castle and take it from Cormac McCarthy. When Cormac was on his was to visit the Queen for negotiations he met an old woman. She told him that a man had placed a stone in the castle that he believed no other man would be able to touch. If Cormac could kiss the stone he would gain the gift of eloquence and be able to keep his castle. Cormac was able to kiss the stone. Due to delays in negotiation, the McCarthy family remained in possession of the castle until the Confederate War in 1641.
11: Barryscourt Castle Barryscourt Castle was occupied by the de Barry family from the 12th century to the 17th century. The de Barry family owned a vast amount of land in Cork. The Barrymore family, a leading branch of the de Barry tree, owned Barryscourt Castle. James Fitzgerald inherited the castle after the Barrymore family died out in 1556. The Barry family supported the Desmond Rebellions, which fought against Elizabethan rule in the county. The castle was damaged several times in battle during the late 1500s. The Barrys were pardoned by the Queen after the end of the second rebellion. The castle was restored. The castle was damaged again in the Confederate War in the 1640s. The Barryscourt Trust was set up in the 1980s to repair damages and preserve the castle. The site is now managed by the Office of Public Works. Many improvements were made to the interior of the castle.
12: Leather Pitcher | Beds were short because people slept sitting up
13: Two Seater Toilet
15: The English Market The English Market is located in the Cork City Center. It has been in that location since 1788. The market hosts a variety of fresh produce. Our class had a picnic one day where everyone brought one item from the market. I brought sourdough bread. I also bought pretzels from the same stand.
16: Jameson Distillery John Jameson established the Bow Street Distillery in 1780 in Dublin. Dublin was well known for producing whiskey. John Jameson was Scottish, but he produced Irish whiskey. In a 20 year span Jameson took the distillery from producing 30,000 to 1,000,000 gallons annually. In 1805 Jameson became the world's number one whiskey. Jameson whiskey faced a number of setbacks in history. In the mid 1800s, Ireland was experiencing a temperence movement. The temperance movement made it difficult for the whiskey to be sold within Ireland. The Irish War of Independence created even larger problems for Jameson. A trade war was going on with Britian at the same time as the war. Britain refused to import Jameson whiskey. Prohibition began in the United States shortly after the war ended. Scottish whiskey was able to remain in the US through smuggling from Canada. Jameson was unable to gain access to one of its biggest markets for several years. Jameson whiskey moved from being produced in Dublin to Cork in 1966. John Jameson combined with John Powers formed the Irish Distillers Group. In 1975, production of the whiskey was moved from the old distillery to the New Middleton Distillery.
17: Old factory funnel | New factory funnel
18: The bottom left picture shows how Jameson Whiskey gains its color while in the barrels. Jameson whiskey ages for about 4 years. Each year about 2% of the whiskey evaporates through the oak. The 2% is known as the angels' share.
19: Greyhound Racing While in Galway, Holly, Katherine, Kayleigh, Courtney, Robin, and I went to a greyhound race. The racetrack was not far from town and within walking distance. Greyhound racing is a popular sport in Ireland. Races take place every Thursday, Friday, and Saturday night. There is a small admission fee for entering the racetrack. Fans can either sit or stand in the outside area. Alcohol is served and fans are encouraged to bet on the dogs. The race booklet handed out upon admission has a detailed list of the different ways one can bet on a race. There are 10 races each evening, occurring every 15 minutes. Each race lasts about a minute. The dogs chase a mechanical rabbit that runs around the track. Six dogs race at a time for 525 yards.
20: Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral The Cathedral was named after St. Fin Barre, the first Bishop of cork. His name, 'Fionnbarr', means fair headed in Irish. A monestery was built in the 7th century where the cathedral is now. The monestary became a central location for the community and helped Cork to grow. In 1536, the cathedral became part of the Established Church, which later became the Church of Ireland. In 1864 the small cathedral that had existed was torn down. In 1870 the new cathedral was built under the design of William Burges. He designed the building influenced by 13th century French Gothic architecture. The Bishop brought in hundreds of donations which allowed the cathedral to continue to be built for many years. The cathedral is a living community and still holds services.
24: University College Cork UCC was founded in 1845 and was originally named Queen's College, Cork. In 1908 it became known as University College, Cork. The university today has 17,000 students, 14,000 of them undergraduate. UCC is one of the top research universities in the country. In 2010 UCC was ranked in the top 2% of universities worldwide. The university has four colleges: Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Science; Business and Law; Medicine and Health; and Science, Engineering and Food Science. The school year is split up into 2 semesters. The fall semester is September 19-December 9. The spring semester is January 3-March 30. Students taking courses during the full academic year or the spring semester must take end of year exams. The exams are held between April 30th and May 25th.
25: Titanic The Titanic arrived at Cobh on April 11, 1912. Cobh was the last port the Titanic stopped at before setting out for her maiden voyage. The Titanic arrived at the harbour at 11:30 am. 123 passengers boarded before the ship took off at 1:30 pm. Three passengers went to first class, seven to second, and the rest to third. There were 1, 308 total passengers on board.
26: Cobh Cobh is a seaport town near Cork. It was originally called Cove in 1750. In 1849 it was renamed Queenstown. The name was changed to honor Queen Victoria's visit. The name was changed again in 1922 when it became Cobh. The name was changed to Cobh instead of back to Cove to "gaelicise" it. Many Irish names had become more English due to English settlers. Cobh doesn't have any meaning in Gaelic. | Annie Moore was the first immigrant to the United States to go through Ellis Island. She arrived at Ellis Island on January 1, 1892. She arrived there by the steamship Nevada. She came from Cork County. Her birthday is not known, but she is believed to be about 15 when she arrived. She received $10 for being the first person to be processed.
28: Irish Rail The rail service in Ireland is called Iarnród Éireann. I took the train twice during my trip. The first time was to go to Cobh as a class and the second was to Fota Wildlife Reserve. Both Fota and Cobh were on the same route. It took roughly 15 minutes to get to Fota from Cork and 30 to get to Cobh. The trains were very comfortable and there was a lot to look at during the ride. Tickets could be purchased online, at a kiosk, or at the ticket office. Discount tickets for students were available.
30: Saint Coleman's Cathedral Saint Coleman's Cathedral sits on top of a hill and overlooks Cobh. It features neo-Gothic architecture. The cathedral took 47 years to build and construction began in 1868. The original estimated cost for the building was 33,000 Euors. The total cost for the building ended up being 235,000 Euros. The organ in the cathedral contains 2,468 pipes.
33: View from outside the church
34: National Leprechaun Museum While in Dublin we stopped at the National Leprechaun Museum. We thought it would probably be tacky and a very tourist-y thing to do, but it would be fun. We were right. The museum had a guided tour which only lasted about 45 minutes. The tour guide told us stories from famous Irish folklore. At the beginning of the tour you go through a tunnel which has magical powers that makes you the size of a leprechaun. The next room had oversized furniture which made you feel much smaller than you actually were. Climbing onto the gigantic chair and sipping tea was one of my favorite parts of my Dublin trip.
36: Ghost Bus Tour While we were in Dublin we took a ghost bus tour. The bus was a double-decker and was filled with spider webs, strobe lights, and skeletons. The tour first stops at Bram Stoker's house, the author of Dracula. We drove by the College of Physicians, where Dr. Clossy's spirit is believed to roam the halls. Another stop was St. Kevin's Graveyard, where we learned about body snatching. Men and women known as resurrectionists would come to the grave yards at 3 or 4 in the morning. They would bribe the guard and quickly steal the body. The resurrectionists would then sell the body to Dr. Clossy who would use them as cadavers for his classes. The final stop was at the Haunted Steps. Many orbs and signs of the green lady have been spotted here. The green lady is the ghost of Darky Kelly, a woman who was executed for the murder of her unborn child.
38: Bed & Breakfast While in Galway we stayed in a bed and breakfast. We decided the night before to go for the weekend so there wasn't time to book anything. We went to the visitor's office and reserved 2 rooms there. The bed and breakfast was in a beautiful cottage outside of town run by an old man. He cooked us a full Irish breakfast in the morning.
39: Hostel In Dublin, we stayed in a hostel. The hostel split between us was a little less than half the price of the bed and breakfast. All five of us slept in one room on bunk beds. We had an en suite bathroom. The hostel wasn't a bad quality at all for paying so little. There were two computers available for use downstairs with free internet. Towel rental was 1 euro. Toast and cereal was available for breakfast, but you had to wash your dishes.
40: Paddywagon Day Trip My roommates and I took a Paddywagon tour from Cork up to the Cliffs of Moher. Although Ireland is known for light showers on most days, the day of our tour it rained the entire time. We stopped at the Cliffs of Moher for 1 1/2 hours. We didn't get see much of the view because of the rain and wind. On the way back we stopped at a famous Stone Age burial site, the Poulnabrone Dolmen. Our last stop was at Bunratty castle, where we stopped to take a few pictures.
41: Photo Op for King John's Castle off of the River Shannon in Limerick CIty
43: National Wax Museum Plus While in Dublin we visited the wax museum. The National Wax Museum Plus features four floors and is 13,000 sq ft. The museum featured famous people in Irish history, popular horror figures, and athletic stars. My favorite area in the museum was the kid's area. The grand finale room featured many famous actors and singers.
44: Madonna | Michael Jackson | James Bond | Gollum
46: Fota Wildlife Park The Fota Wildlife Park was opened in 1983 and is one of the biggest attractions in Ireland. Visitng the park is one of my favorite memories from the trip. Many of the animals were not in cages, so you could walk right up to them. The park was very open. It didn't feel like a zoo. I was extremely excited to the see the red pandas. I'd heard of them before but never been able to see one in person.
49: A Tribute to Thomond Thomond was the pub in Cork that we went to several nights during our stay. The staff there was very welcoming and gave us a lot of attention. Every Thursday a live band played called "The Croppy Boys". The band leader would play songs for us specifically from Oklahoman singers. We had the same barman every time as well. He was very nice to us and loved to make jokes. We will miss our friends at Thomond. | The Croppy Boys | Katherine and I
50: Chocolate Cake with Ice Cream | Baked Potato with Cheese and Ham | Fish and Chips | Cake | Fish and Chips | Ceasar Salad
51: Salad, Spaghetti, Garlic Bread, and Wine | Cookies | Tea | Toffee Cake | Oreo and Cadburry Caramel Mcflurrys | Pizza | Foods