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Israel, August 2010

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S: Israel August 2010

FC: Israel August 2010

2: On August 9th 2010 Dana, Harry, Corey, Jonathan and I flew from New York to Tel Aviv, Israel. Our trip in Israel lasted 10 days then we flew on to Prague, Czech Republic for 3 days. This is a photo journal of our time in Israel. Shari Iannucci

3: Tel Aviv-view of the Mediterranean Sea from hotel

4: Caesarea | This city dates to Phoenician times but became important in 22 BC when Herod the Great founded and named it in honor of the emperor Augustus. Around 6 BC it was the official residence of the governors of Judea and was the the capital of Roman rule in Palestine. Pontius Pilate lived here and St.Paul was imprisoned here for 2 years. The great Jewish Revolt began in Caesarea in 66AD . The Crusaders captured the city in 1101 and it was believed it held the Holy Grail.

5: Written on the plaque "Pontius Pilatus, the prefect of Judea, erected a building dedicated to the emperor Tiberius."

6: Akko One of the oldest known seaports, possibly where glass making was discovered and the making of purple dyes. Alexander the Great passed through around 333 BC. Julius Caesar came through 300 years later laying the road from Akko to Antioch. The Arabs held the city from 636-1104. After the First Crusade in 1099 when Jerusalem was captured;Akko fell and was valued as a Mediterranean lifeline and trading center. It was renamed after St. Jean d'Acre. The Knights Templar, the Teutonic Order, the Order of St. Lazarus, and the Hospitaller Order of St. John had centers here. In 1187 Saladin defeated the Crusaders. In 1192 the Third Crusade led by Philip Augustus of Spain and Richard the Lionheart of England recaptured Akko. In the 1700's the port was revived by Bedouin Sheikh Dahar el-Omar, then the Ottoman Pasha Ahmad, "el Jazzar"(the butcher). In 1799, el-Jazzar defeated Napoleon. Turkish rule and the steamship ended Akko's importance. In the 20th century, during the British Mandate, a prison in Akko held hundreds of Jewish freedom fighters. Here we visited the jail then enjoyed a wonderful lunch in the souk.

7: Rosh ha-Nikra Israel's northernmost coastal limit.

9: The grottoes of Rosh ha-Nikra | A cable car takes you down to the grottoes. We took the footpath back to the top | This weird looking fruit is dragonfruit.

11: Rosh Pina in the Galilee Meaning "the cornerstone", a name which came from the passage in Psalm118: "The stone which the builders rejected has become the cornerstone." Views are from our hotel, Pina Rosh

12: Pina Rosh Bed & Breakfast

14: Safed A town in the hills of Galilee near Mount Tabor and Meron Mountains. These mountains are filled with the mystery of the tombs of the rabbis who composed the Kabbalah, the now highly fashionable great Jewish mystical texts. Safed was filled with narrow streets and many artists galleries. We entered one of the synagogues at the end of a service. Inside were volumes of texts that dated from 15th-16th centuries.

15: Golan Heights Bordering Syria and fought over giving those in control of the region overlooking the Upper Jordan Valley. This area has always been a place of dispute throughout history. | Still an area to be careful, as you can see, the young woman who was guarding a group of teenagers carried a rifle. There were also many areas fenced off with warning signs of mines. The view beyond is beautiful with the Jordan River meandering through the hills.

16: Another view of the Golan Heights. In the distance is Syria, the white buildings are occupied by the United Nations. The fields of green belong to Israel and beyond is the Syrian border. Behind was a large hill with a military fortress overlooking and protecting Israel.

19: Beit She'an Was once a member of the Roman Decapolis, meaning that it was one of the 10 most important cities in the Eastern Mediterranean. Excavations here have revealed 18 superimposed cities. This area reflects 6000 years of history. | The mosic and marble floors were amazing.

23: This Roman Theatre once seated 8,000 people. Harry and Corey made their voices heard.

24: Jaffa (Old Yafo) The plaque reads:The police station was built at the end of the 19th century by the Ottomans as a police station and Turkish jail on the site where the north-eastern bastion of the walled-city stood. From this point, the city wall continues to the tower, where it joins the sea wall.

25: Jaffa, where Jonah set sail on his ill-fated voyage, is one of the world's oldest ports | The miracle of raising Tabitha from the dead was performed by the Apostle Peter when he stayed at the Yafo House of Simon the Tanner (Acts 9:36-42).

27: St. Peters Church, Old Yafo

29: Tel Aviv The founders named the city Tel Aviv after something old and something new. Tel means an archeological mound, while Aviv is Hebrew for spring.

30: Jerusalem The YMCA on King David Street, built in 1928-33 by the company that designed the Empire State Building. | Old City of Jerusalem There are seven gates entering the Old City of Jerusalem. The Jaffa Gate, in Arabic as the Hebron Gate, was the main thoroughfare westward to Jaffa. The Zion Gate leads out to Mount Zion. The Dung Gate was the point from which the city's refuse was taken out. St. Stephen's Gate, the Lions' Gate stands opposite the Mount of Olives. Herod's Gate, Flowers Gate, offers access to the Muslim Quarter. The Damascus Gate is located opposite the highway that leads north to Nablus. The New Gate, is the most recent, giving access to the Christian Quarter. But the Golden Gate is special: Set midway along the eastern wall of the Old City it is blocked up. Through this gate, the Messiah will enter ancient Jerusalem after crossing a paper bridge from the Mount of Olives.

31: The Jaffa Gate

32: The Western Wall

36: The Via Dolorosa, way fo the Cross, begins near St. Stephen's Gate. Restoration along the route cleared huge paving stones dating from the Roman period. These stones may very well have been walked on by Jesus and his followers. | Via Dolorosa

37: The First Station of Via Dolorosa Jesus is sentenced

38: Second Station of Via Dolorosa Church of the Flagellation It was here that Jesus was scourged and had the crown of thorns placed on his head.

40: The Prison of Christ

41: Third Station of Via Dolorosa Jesus fell with the Cross.

42: Fourth Station of Via Dolorosa Jesus encounters Mary

43: Fifth Station of Via Dolorosa Simon the Cyrenian helps Jesus carry the Cross.

44: Sixth Station of Via Dolorosa Veronica cleans the face of Jesus with her veil.

45: Seventh Station of Via Dolorosa Jesus falls again

46: Eight Station of Via Dolorosa Jesus addresses the women with the words "Weep not for me, but weep for Jerusalem."

47: Ninth Station of Via Dolorosa Jesus stumbles a third time.

48: The Tenth thru Fourteenth Stations of Via Dolorosa

52: Stone of Unction Stone where Jesus was laid in preparation for burial.

56: Stairway up to Calvary,The Tenth Station of Via Dolorosa. Jesus is stripped of his garments

58: The Eleventh Station The Crucifixion | The Twelfth Station Jesus Dies on the Cross

59: The Thirteenth Station Jesus is taken down from the Cross

62: The Fourteenth Station of Via Dolorosa The Body of Jesus is placed in the tomb

63: The Tomb of Christ Under the main rotunda is the Angels Chapel with the rock that was rolled away from the tomb entrance

65: View of Jerusalem from the balcony of Dr. and Mrs. Kuvin's house, Jeanette Kuvin Orin's parents

67: Jon is at the Western Wall which when we went underground we saw what was under the city, more wall! The stones become larger the further down you go.

69: Ein Gedi An oasis in the Judean Desert. The Dead Sea can be seen faintly in the distance.

72: Masada Towering almost 1,ooo feet above the Dead Sea shore. It was on this mesa, in 43 BC, that Herod the Great seized an existing fortress and used it as a retreat from his potentially rebellious subjects.

73: In 66 AD a group of Jewish rebels know as Zealots, seized Masada from its Roman Garrison, an event that triggered the Jewish War against Rome. The Roman Tenth Legion arrived to put an end to this last Jewish stronghold. The Legion numbered more than 15,000, while defending Masada were fewer than 1,000 men women and children. The Romans destroyed the aqueduct feeding the cisterns from dams, but the cisterns had enough water for a prolonged period. The legion constructed a wall around the rock, which blocked the main escape route, and then built a ramp that pointed like a dagger at the perimeter wall of the fortress. The final defenses were set on fire. When the blaze died down the Romans entered Masada to discover the bodies of the defenders laid out in rows. Rupudiating defeat and refusing slavery, the men had first killed their own families and then themselves, drawing lots for a final 10 to carry out the act, one last electee killing the other nine before committing suicide.

74: The Dead Sea Situated 1300 feet below sea level in a geological fault that extends all the way to East Africa, the Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth. The salinity of the water is ten times that of the oceans.

75: Hotel Lot

76: Yad Vashem Holocaust HIstory Museum

80: The City of David Excavations are on the steep hillside outside the Dung gate Around 1000 BC, King David captured the city and made it his capital. Although his son Solomon was to build the Temple on the high ground above it, the main residential portion of the city itself remained clinging to this slope above the Kidron Valley. | It did so because at the foot of the slope is the Hihon Spring, at the time Jerusalem's only water supply. Since the spring was located in a cave on the floor of the valley, Jerusalemites were in danger of being cut off from their water when the city was attacked. But the stunning engineering project known as Hezekiah's Tunnel carried out by King Hezekiah about 300 years after King David's time, managed to connect the Silwan Pool inside the city some 580 yards farther down the valley. The 19th century archeologist Charles Warren not only explored the tunbnel but also discovered a shaft reaching up through the Ophel to an underground passage from where the city residents could come to draw water in buckets. | Western Wall

81: Warrens Arch | South Wall and Entrance

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Shari Iannucci
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