FC: Time line | of | French | Revolution
1: under the Old Regime, France was divided into 3 large social classes called estates. The First, second, and Third estate. as you can see from the diagram the Third estate is huge. Thats because it contained so many people. mostly the peasants and and the very poor.the First and Second estate are smaller but they are the more wealthy estates. | "History Now and Then: The French Revolution." History Now and Then: The French Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2012.
2: The American Revolution inspired the Third estate by their success. They began thinking about how the structure of society should be. they wanted liberty, democracy, and equality. The ideas about having a new government were called Enlightenment ideas. The problems in France and these ideas helped put Frances third estate in a revolutionary mood. | "Tea at Trianon." : The Weather of 1788. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2012.
3: France hit economic troubles. The third estate are the ones who suffered the most. Merchants, factory owners and bankers especially were affected. production and trade were expanding fast so it looked like the economy was fine. but there were heavy taxes, and it made business almost impossible. the price of living increased a lot to. on top of all that there was bad weather and it caused crop failures and it made a grain shortage so the price of bread was doubled and it left many people starving in the third estate.
4: France had an awful leader. They sank into debt because king Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette spent money like crazy. and it wasn't for the better of France it was for themselves. The queen even had a nickname. "Madame Deficit" because all she did was spend money on gifts, gowns, jewelry, and other things she didn't need. | Marie was a member of Austria's royal family who have been an enemy of France for a long time. So when she came to France she was already hated by the people. And she only made the problems worse, she would interfere with the government and give Louis bad advice. | "Marie Antoinette Online -." Marie Antoinette Online -. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2012.
5: Leadership could have solved Frances problems. but Louis XVI couldn't make decisions and would put everything off and just ignore it until he was almost forced to do something. He barley paid attention to his advisers. He put off dealing with the debt until he had no money left. So his solution was to tax the nobility. Well they didn't like this so they forced him to call a meeting of the estates general. An assembly of the representatives from all three estates to approve this tax. it was the first meeting in 175 years | "Junior Cert History Blog." Estates-General. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2012.
6: During the middle ages the clergy and nobles would take over the estate general. And they are expecting to do it with this meeting. There were the medieval rules were each estates delegates met in a separate halls to vote and each one had 1 vote. The first and second estate could overrule the third estate. The third estate wanted to get everyone in one room and each delegate had one vote, and this would give them the advantage because they had more delegates then the first and second combined. But Louis just sides with the nobility and makes them go by medieval rules. So the third estate names themselves the national assembly and passes laws for the French people. Then the third estate got locked out of their meeting room and they broke into a tennis court and wouldnt leave. Until a new constitution was made. This was called the Tennis Court Oath. | "KISWorldHistory - World View of the French Revolution." KISWorldHistory - World View of the French Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2012.
8: Since the tennis court oath happened king Louis put soldiers around Versailles. And Rumors flew around Paris that Louis was going to use his military to stop the National Assembly. And people said foreign troops were coming to Paris to massacre the French people. So the people began to gather weapons and they stormed a prison the French people took over the prison and killed the guards and cut their heads off and put them on sticks and walked the streets cheering. The prison was called Bastille so this was the storming of Bastille. Them taking over Bastille was a revolutionary day for the French people. It is the equivalent of USA'S 4th of July and it is now a holiday for th French. It is called Bastille Day and it is celebrated on July 14th. | http://article.wn.com/view/2012/07/16/How_I_Missed_a_Chat_With_Moi_On_Frenchs_Bastille_Day/ | "Bastille." World News. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
9: Rebellion spread through out Paris. And rumors spread that the Nobility were hiring outlaws to mess with they peasants. So tons of peasants started to get scared and a panic swept through called the Great Fear. And then peasants themselves became outlaws. they armed themselves with pitchforks and other tools and stormed nobles' homes and got the old legal papers that made them pay feudal dues and got rid of them. Some homes were just plan destroyed and the whole house was burned down. | "Mr. Berka's European History Class - First Semester." Mr. Berka's European History Class - First Semester. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
10: Responding to the price of bread rising in October 1789 thousands of Parisian women gathered weapons and marched to the king in Versailles. They wanted the National Assembly to take action and give them bread. But then they directed their hatred and anger at the king and queen. They broke into the kings house and killed some guards. All the women wanted Louis and Maire go back to Paris. After some time Louis agreed and they were escorted back to Paris by the mob of women. The over throw and forced leave of Versailles signaled a change of power. | "Images of the French Revolution." Images of the French Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
11: August 4th 1789 some nobles some clergy in the National Assembly met up and had a meeting. in this meeting they talked about liberty and equality. The fear took over one persuaded them the most but they joined together with other members of the National Assembly and took away the special privileges that the first and second estate had. This meeting was held at night and the morning the Old Regime was no longer. | after 3 weeks the National Assembly got a Declaration of the Rights of Man. The document was made from Revolutionary ideas and inspired from the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration said that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights." The rights they are inferring to are "Liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression." it also gave citizens equal justice, freedom of speech and freedom of religion. But not all people a girl writer Olympe de Gouges tried to spread a declaration of rights for women and she was rejected and called an enemy and executed as an "enemy of the revolution." | "Dangerous Ideas: Controversial Works from the William L. Clements Library - The Rights of Man." Dangerous Ideas: Controversial Works from the William L. Clements Library - The Rights of Man. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.
12: The National Assembly is rebuilding its relationship with the church and the state. The 3rd estate was finally getting their rights back and it was all becoming resolved. But were does this leave the awful King Louis XVI. He was a bad king and is hated by the French people. He did absolutely nothing to help their problems if anything he made them worse. He started to think of his own fate as the monarch once he realized everything was rebuilding. Many of his advisor's told him that him and his family were in danger and told him he should probably leave. Because the French people are mad and based on past actions they don't mind if there is bloodshed. Many supporters of the king fled France thinking it is unsafe. Then in June 1791 the king and his family tried to flee and get to Austrian Netherlands. As they got close to the border they were stopped and captured by guards and escorted back to Paris. Louis's attempt to escape made the people furious and it sealed his fate. He was executed and the reign of this Awful king was finally ended. | "Louis XVI Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2012.