FC: Life in Arizona in the 1920s and 1930s
1: Helen | Lillian | Arthur | Eugene
2: President Roosevelt's New Deal Program | The new deal programs were created in response to the Great Depression. They focused on three main areas: relief, recovery, and reform. | Taylor Chitwood
3: New Deal Programs throughout the United States resulted in a change in American spirit. The programs provided various benefits for individuals across the nation such as aid to the unemployed or poor. Another purpose was to return to a more stable economy. New Deal Programs also provided hope and optimism for a restored nation following the Great Depression. | Taylor Chitwood
4: AAA- Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 | -Prices for farm goods were low because farmers grew too much food. -Under this act, the government would pay farmers not to raise certain livestock and crops. -The program ultimately achieved its goal: The farm surplus decreased greatly by 1936. | -Large commercial farmers who focused on one crop profited more than farmers who raised several products. -As food prices went up, so did the total farm income. | Taylor Chitwood
5: HOLC- Home Owners' Loan Corporation | -The HOLC was created to help homeowners pay their mortgages by providing them with longer terms of repayment and lower interest rates. -The HOLC only made loans to homeowners who were still employed. -This program helped refinance one out of every five mortgages on private homes in the United States. | Taylor Chitwood
6: Hoover Dam of 1931 | -Because of irrigation canals, dry desert valleys became year-round gardens that provided fruits and vegetables for the entire nation. -At times, the river decreased drastically and at other times, it became rapid enough to destroy everything. -The Federal Government stepped in to dam the Colorado River in order to control it. -The dam was between Arizona and Nevada and was said to be "one of the most ambitions engineering projects the world had ever seen." | Taylor Chitwood
7: -The Hoover Dam provided a chance for unemployed individuals to find work. -Workers faced brutal conditions such as hot temperatures, long working hours, and completing a very dangerous task. -The Hoover Dam took less than five years to complete. -Provided benefits to the Southwest: -employment -regular water supply -irrigation for agricultural land | Taylor Chitwood
8: PWA- Public Works Administration of 1933 | - The purpose of this program was to put unemployed people back in the construction industry. - The government began a series of projects to build and improve: -highways -dams -sewer systems -water works -and schools | Taylor Chitwood
9: - The PWA also awarded contracts to construction companies. - This agency reduced racial barriers in construction trades by hiring African Americans. | Taylor Chitwood
10: FERA- Federal Emergency Relief Administration | - This program channeled $1/2 billion to state and local agencies to fund relief projects. -The leader was Harry Hopkins - The program was designed for: -adequacy of relief measures -work for the unemployed - It worked with the government to provide federal grants | Taylor Chitwood
11: Other New Deal Programs: | CCC- Civilian Conservation Corps -Employed single men ages 18-25 for natural resource conservation | SEC- Securities and Exchange Commission - Regulated the stock market to avoid dishonest practices | Taylor Chitwood
12: Lillian and Eugene's beautiful mansion. This is just the cat's meow. | Joey Conway | This is my farm. Although all of the people are struggling because of the Great Depression, I am prospering. Due to WWI, the demand for wheat has been through the roof and I have been able to make heaps of money.
13: Copper in Arizona | By the 1920s, Arizona was one of the world's top copper producers. Building and rebuilding led to a high demand for metal. The copper mining industry helped to build towns and employed several Arizonans. | Taylor Chitwood
14: Grand Canyon | The Grand Canyon was a popular winter destination for the wealthy. This breath-taking sight was claimed as a national park in 1919. | Taylor Chitwood
15: Route 66- est. in 1926 | Route 66 led to new businesses along the highway and increased automobile traffic. This was a helpful method of transportation. Route 66 was a major path of the migrants who wished to escape the dust bowl of the 1930s. | Taylor Chitwood
16: This is Arthur at work in his steel industry. He doesn't seem to be enjoying himself or having any sort of fun. | Agriculture vs. Industry | That's me out in the fields enjoying myself and socializing with my workers. I have been making more money than my buddy Arthur lately. | Joey Conway | The advantage right now goes to team agriculture for its high demand of wheat and corn.
17: Agriculture remains to be the better of the two for the single man who wishes to make a lot of money. Industry has more job openings which are hard to find right now. | Joey Conway
18: The 1930's have been extremely difficult and the United States has so many people unemployed. | The best place throughout the thirties so far has been in the southern plains and farming areas. Industry has been having a difficult time lately. | Joey Conway
19: The Dust Bowl Strikes! | The Dust Bowl has hit my wife and I's state. This is the worst thing that could have happened. It is extremely difficult to breathe and now we can't grow any of our crops. This means no money. Without money, we can't afford to go out on our usual lavish ways. | Eugene being a typical bimbo thinks he can go outside and the Dust Bowl won't affect him. | Joey Conway
20: AAA Helps Me Out! | The AAA was created and it helped my wife and I out a lot. We were rich enough so money had never been a problem. With the Dust Bowl present, it was hard to grow crops. The government now was paying us to not grow certain products. | Joey Conway
21: Stock Market Booming | The mood of the country being exuberant, made the stock market seem to be an infallible investment in the future. Everyone was buying into the market, and people who couldn't afford to buy stocks, bought stocks on margin. | All of us enjoying the good and successful times. | Joey Conway
22: Signs of Struggle | On March 25, 1929, the stock market suffered a mini-crash. It was a prelude of what was to come. As prices began to drop, panic struck across the country as margin calls were issued. | Steel production went down; house construction slowed; and car sales waned. | Joey Conway
23: Stock Market Crashes | Thursday, October 24, 1929 I woke up this morning to realize that the stock market went completely south. The people soon stopped panicking though because a bank put its money into the stock. People started to buy stocks again. It crashed again four days later and now we faced the worst economic crisis in United States history.
24: Black Tuesday | The worst day in economic history was here. Everyone was selling there stocks and no one was buying so stock prices collapsed making the stock market even worse.
25: My friends and I love spending time together going to movies, it was something we tried to do together at least once a week! | Weekly Fun Activities! | Mallory Oltman
26: Aside from the movies, Arthur and myself enjoyed going out to some local speakeasies with our friends Eugine and Lillian! | Jazz music is one of my favorite types of music, and many who are suffering from the dust bowl have turned to music as a way of escaping their troubles. | Mallory Oltman
28: It is very popular for myself and other women to work and make a living for ourselves. Myself and my husband both have jobs that help contribute to our wealthy life style. | Mallory Oltman
29: When my wife and I are not out with our friends or on a nice date, we often stay in at our lovely home enjoying simple treats and listening to music on the radio that came about in the 20s. | Kyle Rife
30: Although my wife and I were not greatly effected by the dust bowl, others were. | With many people suffering financially, cheap snacks and drinks such as kool-aid and jello are very popular in the average household! | Kyle Rife
31: Often, my wife and I chose to stay in our home for the night and when we did, we loved watching movies such as The Covered Wagon! | Kyle Rife
32: Helen and Lillian getting all dolled up for dinner and a movie with Arthur and Eugine. We sure are lookers aren't we? | We are lucky to be able to afford the luxuries of life during the Depression. Notice the high-class quality of our jewelry and clothing. | Taylor Chitwood
33: Because we are an upper class family, attending parties and socializing regularly with friends tends to occupy a great amount of our time. We never miss an opportunity to show off our wealth. This is a time period of materialism. | Although the Great Depression is taking place, we are not affected as deeply as lower and middle class families. We still have the ability to carry on our normal lives as an upper class family. | Taylor Chitwood
34: Taylor Chitwood | Us women also began to wear excessive amounts of make-up during this time. | Fashion was a very important part of our lives. Wide-brim hats, short dresses, and long coats were popular at this time. | It became acceptable for women to wear more revealing clothing as opposed to their attire from previous years. | 1920s Women's Fashion
35: Rolled up trousers and hats are part of my everyday wardrobe! | Other men wore suits and dress shirts along with the occasional trouser! | Kyle Rife | 1920s Men's Clothing
36: 1930s Fashion | -Women's dresses were meant to move with the body. -Light-weight, elegant fabrics came about such as satin and chiffon. -Described as glamorous and sensuous. Hollywood movies were influential toward the fashion industry. People wanted to wear the styles displayed on screen. | Taylor Chitwood
37: -Men's suits were modified to create the shape of a large torso. -Shoulder pads were used to create broad shoulders. -Jackets with many buttons were in style. -Striped suits, plaid print, and blazers were also popular. | 1930s Fashion | Taylor Chitwood
38: Above is a picture of my wife and some of her friends, you can always catch them in something dapper! | Aren't these flapper dresses just so stylish? | Kyle Rife
40: The Great Gatsby Connection | The lifestyle of our family relates to the lifestyle of characters from The Great Gatsby such as Gatsby, Tom, and Daisy. In both situations, the individuals maintain a high-class, wealthy status in their society.
41: Our voice of region is despair. We chose despair because the times were a lot more difficult in Arizona do to the Dust Bowl which destroyed farming, and that the stock market had collapsed and left those who were in the stock go bankrupt. | Voice of Region: Despair