BC: Now you can leave Goodbye, The End
FC: Literary Analysis: To Kill A Mockingbird | Harper Lee | By: Stacia Rucker
1: Table of Contents | Setting...........................2 Point of View...................4 Conflict..........................8 Characterization..............10 Symbolism......................12 Theme..........................14 Reflection......................16
2: Setting | The setting of To Kill a Mockingbird is in the 1930s. "People moved slowly then... A day was twenty-four hours long but seemed longer. There was no hurry, for there was no where to go, nothing to by, and nothing to buy it with." (Lee 5). It took place in Maycomb, Alabama. "Maycomb, some twenty miles east of Finch's Landing."(Lee 5). It was during the Great Depression. "... There was no hurry, for there was no where to go, nothing to buy, and nothing to by it with... But, it was a time of vague optimism for some people: Maycomb had recently been told that there was nothing to fear but, fear itself."(Lee 5). | Understanding the context helped understand what they were going through. Like, the civil was had been over for only about sixty years, there was still a lot of segregation going on. In the streets, the churches, the court rooms and the schools it was coming alive.
3: The Scottsboro Boys trials were about nine teenage boys, in the Great Depression, accused of raping of two white girls. Many local news papers had already made their decision that they are guilty, before the trial. Emmett Till was a black male that was brutally killed for the alleged raping of a white female. He was murdered by Roy Bryont because he 'flirted' with his wife. | Emmett Till was accused by a white female and so was Tom Robinson. On both Till and Robinson trials were white judges and white juries. They all had their minds made up before they even entered the court room. The Scottsboro Boys and Robinson's trial there was accusations of rape against the African-American man.
4: Point of View | Scout narrates the whole story. "When enough years had gone by to enable us to look back on them we sometimes disused the events leading to [Jem's] accident." (Lee 1). Scout is a mischievous little girl, always playing with her brother Jem and, her future husband, Dill. They were always found pulling it over on Atticus. And, trying to get "Boo" Radley. | Harper Lee chose to tell the story form Scouts perspective because when she was younger a similar trial went on called the Emmett Till trial, when she was younger. She wanted people to understand what it was like from the view of a six-year-old.
6: It was a busy day's work. On my break, the phone suddenly rang, all I hear is a distressed voice sayin’ “Mr. Finch!” I suddenly realize it was Calpurnia. My mind is racing twenty miles per hour, what happened to the kids? Are they alright? Interrupting my thoughts, Calpurnia says, “ I swear to God there’s a mad dog down the street a piece” “Which way is he comin’?” I asked. “He's comin’ this way, yes sir, he's” she said in a frantic voice. As I cut her off I said, “Are you sure he's mad?” Calpurnia screamed, “Mr. Finch, I declare he is!” “Who is it?” I declared. “Old Tim Johnson,” She frantically said. “Are the kids inside?” I asked. “Yes sir,” “Warn the neighbors, tell everyone to get their kids off the streets.” I said. All she could say was, “Yessir”. Before she could say anymore, I told her, “I’m on my way”. And I hung up. Then I ran down the hallway and asked Mr. Heck Tate, if I could use his car to drive home, and that there was a mad dog loose on my street. As he said, “I’ll drive”. We hopped in the car and left. | When we got to the house, I told Jem to stay inside. I didn't want them getting hurt. Then l asked Cal, “Where is he?” She said he should be here by now. Sheriff Tate then asked, “Not runnin’, is he?” Cal said “Naw sir, he's at the twitchin’ stage, Mr. Heck.” I asked the sheriff if we should go after him. He turned to say, “We better wait, Mr. Finch. They usually go in a straight line, but you never can tell. He might follow the curve- hope he does or he'll go straight in the Radley backyard. Let's wait a minute.” Sheriff had soon seen him and whispered, “There he is,” And then he leaned in to cover his hands with his forehead and said, “He's got it alright, Mr. Finch.” Tim Johnson paused for a while were the roads joined together, almost as if he had some of his mind left. Then I told Heck that he was within range, and told Cal to take the kids and go inside. He handed me the gun and told me to take the shot, I told him not to waste time and just take the shot. He told me it was a one shot job. I kept telling him to stop standing there and take the shot. | The Mad Dog
7: He said, “For God's sake, Mr. Finch, look where he is! Miss and you will go straight to the Radley house, I can't shoot that well and you know it!” He threw the rifle at me and said, “I’d feel mighty comfortable if you did it now,” My glasses slipped as I walk into the middle of the road, I pushed them up, but they wouldn't stay. So, I ripped them off my face and dropped them. I rubbed my eyes, and blinked hard to regain my eye sight. As I brought the gun up, I locked in on my target. The rifle cracked and then Tim Johnson flopped over onto the sidewalk. Mr. Tate leaped off the porch like a frog, and ran to the dog. And he yelled, “You were a little to the right Mr. Finch,” “I always was,” I replied, “If I had my ‘druthers I’d take a shotgun.”
8: Conflicts | Scout does not want to become a lady. It is man vs. himself/herself, it is a internal conflict. She starts; to rebel because she does not want to become a lady. But, later in the book she starts to see the ways of her Aunty Alexandra in becoming a lady. | Tom Robinson faced racism. He was in court because he "raped" a white female. But, the entire thing was wrong they never even wanted to hear his sides of the story. After the trial some people are moved, and start to think of them in a new light.
9: Jem Finch is growing up.Jem was twelve. He has not been himself lately. "He was difficult to live with, inconsistent, moody. His appetite was appalling, and he was told me so many times to stop pestering him... Jem was growing. I must be patient with him and disturb him little as possible." (Lee 153). I was a harsh internal conflict. Before Scout could ask him anything, now she has to watch what she says about certain things. If she were to have a question, she has to ask Atticus or Calpurnia.
10: Characterization | Dynamic Characters Jem is a small boy, who thinks he is a mature young adult. Why is he a dynamic character? He is a dynamic character because he changes from a boy to a man, and starts to become more like his father. Scout is a young girl that has not quite got the world figured out. Why is she a dynamic character? She starts to get a handle on things but she still has to figure out a few things. | A Static Character Atticus is an adult a that is strict but, also kind. Why is he a static character? Atticus does not change, even when he is at court and people are spitting in his face he remained calm, cool, and collected. Aunt Alexandra is a strict parental figure. She wants to make Scout a proper young lady. Why is she a static character? She still wants to change Scout, she expects to be respected as a parental figure by the children.
11: Flat Character "Boo" Radley is a small town shut-in. He never leaves his house. Why is he a flat character? Boo Radley does not change, and all we know about him is he never leaves his house. Dolphus Raymond is a white guy is who had an affair with a black women. Why is he a flat character? All we know about Dolphus Raymond is that he is an undesirable. | Round Character Jem is a boy that wants to make a difference in the world. Why is he a round character? He is a round character because we know everything about him. Scout is a misunderstood girl that does not want to be all lady like. WHy is she a round character? Scout is round character because we know everything about her.
12: Symbols | The title To Kill a Mockingbird is significant because it portrays some forms of a mockingbird in it. A mockingbird symbolizes innocents and purity. In the book it says it is a sin "to kill a mockingbird" because they are innocent. So, it means the people should keep a close eye on the cases involving someone not of their kind because unknowingly they will become prejudice, with out wanting to.
13: Boo Radley is considered a mockingbird because he is pure. The kids found out that all Boo Radley really wanted was friends. We see this when he sows up Jem's pants after he caught them on their fence. We see it yet again when he puts a blanket in Scout when she was cold. Tom Robinson is a well chosen to be considered a mockingbird because he never hurt anyone. He only felt sorry for Ms. Mayella she had to do all the house work by herself and the kids would never help her. He was guilty by association. Scout Finch Is considered a mockingbird for her unfeigned innocents. She does not quite see the word the way the adults do, yet she does not see the difference between skin colors or social classes, in her mind if you did something wrong then you should get punished and if you didn't then you get set free.
14: Themes | 1. Do not take things for granted "Until I feared I would lose it, I never loved to read. One doesn't love to breathe." (Lee 23) This quote means that if you got it now don' t take for granted because as soon as it is gone then you will have wished you had it It applies to real life because when you have something that you like and then you get grounded form it, you miss it.mIts not coming back for a while. | 2. Courage is not the absence of fear but the acquired ability to move beyond fear. “I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It’s when you know you’re licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what”(Lee 149). Atticuis was trying to say that Ms. Dubose had enough courage to get off the morphine before she died. But, is a different kind than shooting a dog. This applies to the real world because it takes a certain type of person to have that bravery. And, it is important to know those people, so you can help them.
15: 3.Don't judge a book by its cover. "You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view . . . until you climb into his skin and walk around in it." (Lee 36). This quote said that you have to look at what they are going though. You never know what someone is going through at home. People are embarrassed and do not want other people to know whats going on in their life, and just because they look different or act different does not give you the right to judge him. When walking by someone and they are a little bit rounder, or they look kind of funny. Do not judge them they might be under a lot of stress and relive it by eating, or maybe they cannot go to the gym everyday, there is not room for you to judge that is for one person and one person only, and you can't see him.
16: Reflection | Over all To Kill a Mockingbird was great. When I first picked it up I was a little hesitant on reading it. But, it has some tremendous themes like don't judge a book by its cover. People cannot see what others are going through and it is not right to go up and condemn them for it, its not your place to judge. I liked when Boo Radley comes out of his house and save the kids he is pretty spectacular. I have always wondered, how he knew when to come out of hiding. I realize that Radley was trying to communicate with them but, why all of a sudden did he just come out of his house. Yes, he could have heard the screams, and what not, but why then. Why the big push, he never has come out before, he did not leave a note in the tree just gum, Indian head pennies and soap that resembled Scout and Jem. I did not like the way the book ended. What happened to Scout and Dill? Did they ever get married? What did Jem do after school, did he go to collage or go strait to work? What happened to Ms. Maudie? Will we ever know?
18: This hurts me as much as it hurts you but, I'm almost done, stay with me now.....
19: Don't make me resuscitate you...
20: She's gone!.. *static static* ClEAR!
21: Few, You were almost gone there.