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Marine Railway project photo album

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1: THE BARNACLE HISTORIC STATE PARK 3485 Main Highway Coconut Grove, Florida 33133 (305) 442-6866 www.thebarnacle.org MARINE RAILWAY RENOVATION 2007 - 2012 PROJECT PHOTO ALBUM Michael Chapman Printed 2013 | 1

2: Dedicated to the Munroe Family | 2

3: INDEX Title page 1 Dedication 2 Index 3 Remembrance 4 Credits 5 Contributors 6 Research sources 7 Suppliers 8 Historic references 9 History of the railway renovation 10 Project description 11 History of the original railway 12 Historic photos 13-17 Operation of the railway 18 Photos from the 1990's to early 2000 19-25,28 Replica of the Egret 26-27 Project photos 29-63 Renovated marine railway 64-67 Project statement 68-69 | 3

4: In memory of Ralph Middleton Munroe The Commodore 1851 - 1933 | 4

5: The Barnacle Society, Inc. Funding Earl Powers Volunteer Project Manager 2007 - 2008 Michael Chapman Volunteer Project Manager 2007 - 2012 Charles Munroe, Sr. Adviser William Munroe Adviser John Powers Treasurer of The Barnacle Society Finances | Katrina Boler Park Manager Florida Park Service Susan Atwater President of The Barnacle Society 2006 - 2008 Jonathan Hill President of The Barnacle Society 2008 - 2010 Eileen Ellman President of The Barnacle Society 2010 - 2012 Alyn Pruett President of The Barnacle Society 2012 - 2014 | CREDITS | 5 | NOTE: The Barnacle Society, Inc. established in 1987 is a volunteer non-profit, citizen supported organization created to generate public awareness, education, and financial support for the preservation and maintenance of The Barnacle Historic State Park.

6: CONTRIBUTORS Phillip Werndli Assistant Bureau Chief Bureau of Natural and Cultural Resources Florida Park Service Bob Deresz, Planning assistance Kendra Brennan, Planning assistance Gary Milano, Planning assistance Thaddeus Foote, Planning assistance Holly Powers, Construction assistance Ray Temeyer, Construction assistance Jeannie Temeyer, Construction assistance Bryon Chapman, Construction assistance Bob Brennan, Construction assistance William Tenney, Construction assistance Steve Dimse, Park Services Specialist, Construction assistance Don DiGiacomo, AA Engineering Services, Boca Raton, Florida Bibi Villazon, President Trident Environmental Consultants, Miami, Florida Richard A. Bunnell, President, Bunnell Foundations, Miami, Florida Timothy Blankenship, Director, Coastal Systems International Inc. | 6

7: RESEARCH SOURCES Wooden Boat Publication, Brooklin, Maine Kevin Webb, Thesis on marine railways Seth Bramson, Assistance confirming the rail size Pile Driving Contractors Assoc, Orange Park, Florida U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington DC. Southern Pine Counsel, Kenner, Louisiana Treated Wood Counsel, Washington DC. Florida Marine Contractors Assoc. Timber Pine Counsel American Galvanizers Assoc. Aurora, Colorado San Francisco Maritime National Park Gold Coast Railway Museum, Miami, Florida NOTE: As part of the research effort, Michael Chapman built a scale model of the upper section of the railway. This model served as a tool helping understand the construction and function of the railway. This model was also part of the presentation proposing the restoration project to The Barnacle Society. | 7

8: SUPPLIERS Merrill-Stephens Shipyard, Miami, Florida Hern Iron Works, Coeur d' Alene, Idaho B.K. Marine Construction Co., Deerfield Beach, Florida Griffis Lumber Company, Gainesville, Florida Birmingham Rail & Locomotive Corp., Birmingham, Alabama Industrial Galvanizers, Miami, Miami, Florida McKensey Steel & Supply of Florida, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida Portland Bolt & Manufacturing Company, Portland, Oregon JNC Welding & Fabrication, Coral Springs, Florida Keystone Spike Corp., Lebanon, Pennsylvania The Sherwin-Williams Company, Plantation, Florida Acme Sandblasting Company, Miami, Florida Accutech Instruments, Wellington, Florida Miami Cordage, Florida Wire & Rigging, Miami, Florida George Kerby Jr. Paint Company, New Bedford, Massachusetts U.S.F Fabrication, Hialeah, Florida Interstate Products, Sarasota, Florida Tremont Nail Company, Mansfield, Massachusetts Miami Equipment Services, Miami, Florida West Marine, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida Contractors Rope, Brookfield, Illinois Hamilton Marine, Searport, Maine Office Depot, Pembroke Pines, Florida Sailor Man, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida Grainger, Pembroke Park, Florida Broward Bolt Company, Pompano, Florida Traditional Wood Worker, Richardson, Texas RIZ Building & Garden, Miramar, Florida Lowes, Pembroke Pines, Florida Home Depot, Pembroke Pines, Florida | 8

9: HISTORIC REFERENCES Historical Photos The Barnacle archives The Commodore's Story By Ralph Middleton Munroe & Vincent Gilpin The Forgotten Frontier By Arva Moore Parks The Good Little Ship By Vincent Gilpin The News Packet The Barnacle Society newsletter, archives | 9

10: HISTORY OF THE RAILWAY RENOVATION The railway renovation initially began in 2007. The start was a long process in defining the scope of the project along with the extensive research required. The rebuilding of the railway began on June 7, 2011. The railway was completed in July 2012 as a non-functional section of the original. As part of the project a replica boat yard skiff was built. This skiff appears in an historic photo on page 17. There was a secondary railway that was used to haul timber from the saw mill at the "Factory". This railway appears in historic photos on pages 15 and 16. Perhaps this rail will be added in the future. * The "Factory" was the name given to a building a short distance south of the Barnacle. The construction of this building was a joint venture of the Commodores and served many different purposes including a saw mill. | 10

11: PROJECT DESCRIPTION The definition of the renovation was to recreate the original marine railway as it existed in the late 1800's into the early 1900's. The reconstruction of the railway was based on four photographs from the Barnacle archives along with discussions with the Munroe family. With this information drawings were developed by Michael Chapman. Funding for the project was provided by The Barnacle Society with a budget of $28,000.00 dollars. The materials selected were based on extensive research and reasonable assumptions of available local materials of the era. - The rails are of the size that the East Coast Railway arrived in Miami on. - The pilings used are Southern Yellow Pine (pressure treated for its longevity). - The lumber used was cut from green Cypress logs. - The hardware used was traditional square nuts and bolts along with timber bolts and washers. - The nails and spikes used are traditional steel cut. - The wood preservative used was a mixture of pine tar, linseed oil and turpentine. - All of the steel parts were galvanized for protection and longevity. Black paint was applied to the galvanized steel parts as a historically correct protective coating of the era. - Synthetic manila rope was used for its longevity. - The only original items reused were the carriage wheels and winch. | 11

12: HISTORY OF THE ORIGINAL RAILWAY The Barnacle was the home of and built by Ralph Middleton Munroe, the "Commodore", early pioneer of Coconut Grove, Florida. The Marine Railway was built on his property in the late 1800's. The location is on the shores of Biscayne Bay. Many boats were repaired on the railway well into the 1900's. Nathaniel Herreshoff one of the well known yacht designers of the era hauled his boat on the railway. The Munroe family in preserving this historic property sold to the State of Florida in 1973. The property and existing structures were to remain and maintained as would have been in a period ranging from the late 1800's to the early 1900's. The were and still are many marine railways through the country, however the railway the Commodore built was unique. It is unclear exactly why the railway was elevated on pilings. Typically the rails rest on timbers directly on the bottom. Perhaps the Commodores requirements were as follows. First the contour of the shoreline and the unstable bottom would not support a timber structure. So, pilings are driven deep enough in the bottom to overcome this problem. Elevation of the pilings served a second purpose in making the bottom of the boats accessible for repairs and maintenance. | 12


14: Unknown yacht on the railway. | 14

15: The marine railway with Munroe's yacht Melody on the ways and the boathouse. Note the secondary railway with bolster car and timber on top (lower left). Used for hauling timber to the site from the "Factory", a nearby sawmill. | 15

16: Flying Proa stored on top of the marine railway. Note the secondary railway and bolster cars in the foreground. | Unknown yacht on the marine railway. | 16

17: The marine railway with an unknown yacht on the ways, boat house and the dock. | The marine railway with Munroe's yacht Melody on the ways next to boathouse showing name board and figurehead of salvaged wreck Haroldine. Note the boatyard skiff, a replica of which volunteers built as part of this restoration project. | 17

18: OPERATION OF THE RAILWAY Marine railways constructed in this manner operated the same way. With carriages spaced apart and vessel support beams adjusted to accommodate the vessel to be hauled, the winch lowers the carriages into the water at low tide. At high tide the vessel positioned over the carriages and secure it in place. The following low tide brings the vessel to rest on the the carriage's cross beams; then, the winch pulls the vessel out of the water. Once secured and with additional support beams put in place, the carriages rest at the head of the railway and work begins. Upon completion of the repairs, the carriages holding the vessel are lowered down the railway - preferably at high tide - until the vessel floats. The vessel then maneuvered from the support arms floating freely away. | 18

19: PHOTOGRAPHS 1990s to early 2000s | 19

20: During a hurricane showing tidal surge. | After the hurricane. | 20

21: Remains of the winch. | 21

22: Original rails , pilings, and carriages. | 22

23: In 1996 renovation to the original railway included making significant modifications. | 23

24: 24

25: Modified railway Modifications included downsizing to service Egret. The rails were smaller than the original along with low profile steel carriage. This vessel support arrangement was for Egret only. | 25

26: THE REPLICA EGRET Built in 1886 at A.C. Brown & Son in Tottenville, New York, the original sharpie ketch Egret shipped aboard a Mallory Steamer to Key West. Ralph Munroe sailed Egret back to The Barnacle. In 1985, members of a boat-building program at Miami-Dade Community College built a replica of Egret. Boatwright Wit Ostrenko, Sr. taught the class. Charlie Easton, current custodian of the Egret also was one of the students who built her. While there are no surviving plans of the Commodore's Egret the class used plans supplied by Wooden Boat Publications in Brooklin, Maine. Joel White and Dave Dillion spent two years researching available archives developing the plans as accurately as possible. | 26

27: Replica of Egret on the modified railway. | 27

28: The railway in a state of disrepair. | 28 | Volunteers completed several repair projects after the 1996 modification. These repair projects continued into the early 2000s.


30: The marine railway in 2007 prior to the renovation. | 30

31: 31

32: Removal of winch by Jeannie and Ray Temeyer, Ranger Dave, and Holly and Earl Powers (Earl behind the camera, Holly right front) | 32 | The origin of the winch is unknown.

33: 33

34: Earl Powers inspecting the progress of the winch refurbishment. | 34

35: Refurbishment of the original winch in the shop at Merrill Stevens Shipyard on the Miami River. | 35

36: B.K. Marine Construction Company extracting the existing pilings and rails using a Bobcat excavator June 7, 2011. | 36

37: Excavator sank several times in the soft ground of the bay front. | 37

38: The pilings are ten-foot long, eight-inch diameter, pressure-treated southern yellow pine. | 38

39: The excavator fitted with an auger boring holes for the pilings. | 39

40: 40

41: The name board from the wreck of the Ingrid hangs of the boathouse. This replica board was carved by Michael Chapman. Sometimes manpower is the only way. | Boring and setting the pilings. | 41

42: Pilings being set five to six feet deep. | 42

43: New pilings installed and cut down to an approximate elevation. | The new rails are 33 feet long and weighing 660 pounds each. | 43

44: Pilings were cut to established elevation, on an angle to match the incline. This required fabricating cutting jigs fastened to the pilings and using chainsaws to cut them. | Sixty pound rail fixed with 9/16" x 4 1/2" long rail spikes. The tops of the pilings were tarred. Remnants of the original rails discovered on the site were consistent with the rails from the East Coast Railway and confirmed the appropriate rail to be used for restoration. | 44

45: Construction of the winch foundation. | 45

46: Winch foundation beams fastened with 3/4" timber bolts nuts and timber bolt washers. | First rail piling with the ledger beam and winch foundation beam attached. Fastened with 3/4" timber bolts, nuts and timber bolt washers. | 46

47: Winch foundation ledger beam and foundation beams fastened to the first set of rail pilings with 3/4" timber bolts, nuts and timber bolt washers. Crossbeam fastened with 1/2" x 6" spikes. | 47

48: Gear chest for spare parts and tools is stored in the Boathouse. | 48

49: Michael Chapman made most of the parts and assemblies at his workshop at home. | 49

50: Carriages assembled at Michael Chapman's shop. 3" x 10" x 36" long Cypress carriage sides with aligning beam brackets and carriage crossbeam clamp bars. | Original 8" cast iron carriage wheel with 1 1/4" bronze shafts. | 50

51: Carriage installation. | Carriage assembly including wheels, alignment beam and brackets along with the 2" x 4" steel carriage crossbeam | 51

52: Carriage installation. Safety chains and turn buckles to secure the carriages are not part of the original railway but serve as a safety feature for the exhibit. Remnants of chain discovered during piling installation determined the size of the chain used in joining the forward and aft carriage assemblies. | 52

53: Winch disassembled for a second refurbishment. Spool gear, second shaft gear and belt pulley. In later years an electric motor powered the winch through the use of the belt pulley. | 53

54: This winch was designed for manual use. As new technologies advanced so did the means of powering the winch. At one time the winch was modified to utilize a model "T" Ford engine and transmission to make things easer in haul out a boat. When the house and other buildings on the property were electrified an electric motor was used. Although refurbished in 2008 the winch required a second refurbishment before the installation in 2012. The second refurbishment was not as extensive as it only required disassembly, cleaning and repainting. | 54

55: Winch installation by Michael and Bryon Chapman. (Michael Chapman in blue) | 55

56: The Cypress lumber stacked in Michael Chapman's shop. | 56

57: Construction of the guide arms using 3" x 8" cypress for the upper and lower beams. The joints were tarred and fastened using 1" white oak trunnels. Cheek planks were nailed on and secured with 3/4" bolts, nuts and plate washers. | 57

58: 58

59: Installation of the guide arms and vessel support arms. Construction of both the forward vessel support arms and the after guide posts include open socket-like lower ends making them easily removable. Installation is simple, through insertion of the arms on to the carriage steel crossbeam ends. The forward vessel support upper forks are affixed with 3/4" bolts, nuts and washers. The lower end of the vessel support beams fit into the space between the carriage sides. The upper end of the vessel support beams fit between the forks and adjusted to the required height and angle. A 3/4" bolt fits through the adjustment holes in the forks with the vessel support beams resting on them. Cypress wedges nailed to the support beams are the final adjustments to meet the hull at the turn of the bilge of the vessel. | 59

60: Vessel securing lines. These lines position and secure the vessel between the guide arms and the vessel support arms. Four of the lines forward and aft center the vessel over the vessel support cross beams on the carriages. There are two bow lines and two aft spring lines securing the position of the vessel's length between the fore and aft arms. | Vessel cross support beam. This beam is resting across the tops of the carriage sets. Size and arrangement of this beam changes to meet the size requirement of the vessel. Lines secure the beam to the carriages. | 60

61: 61

62: Winch and brake assembly. The winch is hand-crank operated. When lowering the vessel to the water the crank is removed and the brake (white oar end) controlling the speed of decent. | 62

63: 63

64: The renovated marine railway | 64

65: 65

66: Approach to the railway The name board from the wreck of the Haroldine hangs on the boathouse. This replica was carved by Michael Chapman | 66

67: Renovated marine railway July, 2012 | 67

68: Michael Chapman describes details of the project. | Dedication of the marine railway, February 21, 2013 | Presentation of the volunteer dedication plaque. Left to right: Bob Deresz, Eileen Ellman, Michael Chapman, Katrina Boler.

69: Award ceremony Left to right: John Powers excepting for Earl Powers Bob Deresz Michael Chapman Not present at the ceremony, Kendra Brennen Bryon Chapman Awards presented by Katrina Boler, Park Manager and Alyn Pruett, President of the Barnacle Society.

70: I am sure I speak for everyone involved in the marine railway renovation project in saying that it was an unforgettable experience. Given the opportunity to assist in this project was indeed a privilege. Preserving the fragile and somewhat obscure history of Florida's maritime past is extremely important to all of us and we must express our gratitude to the Munroe family for what they have given to South Florida and to the Barnacle Society for their support of the Barnacle. And thanks to the Florida Park Service for their vigilance in the care of this historic treasure and in keeping it safe and accessible. Lastly, thanks to the many volunteers that spend time and effort on many tasks in caring for the Barnacle. Michael Chapman Volunteer Maritime Project Manager | 68

71: 2012 | 69

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