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Martin Van Buren

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FC: Martin van Buren

1: Martin van Buren | By: Deanna Flores

2: Birth and Early Life | Martin was born in Kinderhook, New York on December 5, 1782. His father Abraham Van Buren was a farmer, an owner of six slaves, and a tavern-keeper in Kinderhook. His mother was Maria Van Buren. Van Buren grew up in a Dutch-speaking community where he received a basic education. Later he studied Latin briefly at the Kinderhook Academy and at Washington Seminary in Claverack. | Van Buren's house | Latin terms Buren might have learned

3: Martin excelled at composition and speaking. He learned English as a second language since he was raised in a Dutch household. His formal education ended when he reached the age of 14. From there he went on to study Law. | map of Kinderhook | Picture of Buren's house

4: Personal Life | Van Buren married Hannah Hoes. She was his childhood sweetheart and first cousin once removed. They married on February 21, 1807, in Catskill, New York. She was also raised in a Dutch home and never lost her distinct Dutch accent. The couple had five sons and one daughter: Abraham, John, Martin, Jr., Winfield Scott, and Smith Thompson. | Van Buren posing for a portrait | Maritn's wife, Hannah

5: Their daughter was stillborn. After 12 years of marriage, Hannah Van Buren contracted tuberculosis and died on February 5, 1819, at the age of 35. Martin Van Buren never remarried. | Martin's Family | Another portrait of Hannah

6: Career | In 1803, Martin went back to Kinderhook and started practicing law. In 1806, he moved to Hudson, New York. He apparently was a very successful lawyer, and in one year earned about $ 10,000, which was a lot back then. Three years later, in 1809, he became a Surrogate Judge in Columbia County, New York, and served until 1813. At that point he was already actively involved in politics. | Martin's portrait as vice president | President Jackson, Martin served under

7: In 1813 he ran for the New York State Senate and won, serving until 1820. In 1819 he served as a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention, was elected to the U.S. Senate, and reelected in 1827. He resigned in 1828. The following year, in 1829, President Andrew Jackson appointed Martin to a Cabinet position which he served as Secretary of State until 1831. In 1832, President Jackson asked him to serve on his presidential ticket as Vice President. Jackson won the election and Martin served as Vice President from 1833 to 1837. | Political cartoon of Buren's vice presidency | swearing in vice president

8: In the White House | During Buren's term,in May 1837, the American economy collapsed. This was caused from the west expanding and needing too much money from the eastern banks. This caused the country to quickly sink into a deep economic depression. Of the country's 788 banks, 618 collapsed. Economics as a discipline was virtually non-existent, and the government had no idea of how to deal with the depression. As a result, unemployment was very high, many businesses, including farms ended up in bankruptcy, and the people suffered. | Van Buren's two pet tiger cubs | A political cartoon on Martin's loss running for a second term

9: Two of the major negative decisions during Buren's presidency related to the American Indian problem. Against their will he completed the transfer of 20,000 Cherokees to Oklahoma in 1838. In Florida he had 3500 of the 4000 Seminole Indians removed from the State of Florida as part of the Second Seminole War. Positive decisions during Van Buren's presidency involved international actions. He was able to defuse two crises with Great Britain over border issues with Canada. He was also able to convince southerners to go slow in admitting Texas to the Union, so that a war with Mexico could be avoided. | Buren's Administration | Political cartoon of Buren leaving office

10: Noteworthy Accomplishments | Before his presidency he founded the two-party system. Martin was also the founder of the party caucus. He came up with the nominating convention and the patronage system. If that isn't it he was also the founder of the Democratic party of today. He was what many people called the first true American President. | prevented war with mexico | Two party system

11: He was also the first president to be elected without a degree from a university or a military commission. During his presidency his greatest accomplishments were few in numbers. He is credited with diffusing problems over Canada with Britain. He also avoided a war with Mexico by slowing Texas' admission to the Union. | First true American President | Party Caucus

12: Death and Historical Legacy | At the end of his presidency, he was welcomed back to New York State by a huge crowd in New York City. The welcome included a parade, speeches and other celebratory events. The welcome was the most extensive event ever recorded in the city up until that time. Buren retired to his estate called Lindenwald in Kinderhook, New York. He remained active in politics until the end of his presidential campaign for the Free Soils Party in 1848. | A book written on Martin | Van Buren's Bust

13: He then did some foreign traveling and also worked on his memoirs. He passed away on July 24, 1862 in Kinderhook and was buried in Kinderhook Cemetery. As a result of his actions as a president and his involvement in politics before his presidency, he was thought as having been a successful president. | A martin van buren coin | Van Buren's plaque

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Deanna Flores
  • By: Deanna F.
  • Joined: over 5 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 2
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  • Title: Martin Van Buren
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  • Published: about 4 years ago

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