FC: Moscow. Exploring architectural diversity.
1: Moscow is one of the most beautiful and architecturally diverse cities in the world. The city is almost 870 years old and from century to century Moscow has preserved amazing examples of architecture as it was built and rebuilt. The city started as a fortress surrounded by the Kremlin Wall. The Wall as it is now was built in the 15th century by Italian architects. Red is one of the most popular colors for Russian buildings and churches. The name of the main square is Red Square, which also means beautiful in the Old Russian.
2: Another beautiful red building on Red Square is the State Historical Museum founded in 1872. The building was designed in the Russian Revival style characterized by the interest in old Russian architecture, which became popular at the end of the 19th century.
3: Vvedenskaya Church is located on one of the side-streets in the center of Moscow. It was built in the 17th century in the Moscow Baroque style. This is generally what a typical Russian church looks like, and if you walk around the city you will find many churches that are similar in style. This is also true for churches in other Russian cities.
4: St. Basil's Cathedral is a landmark and the most beautiful and famous church in Moscow. It is located on the side of Red Square facing the river. The Cathedral was built in the 16th century and it is astonishing in its complexity. The name of the architect remains unclear and the design has no analogues in Russian or European architecture.
5: The Cathedral of Christ the Savior is the biggest and most important church in Russia, visited by thousands of tourists and pilgrims every month. The Cathedral was intended to be a memorial in honor of the victory of Russian people over Napoleon in 1812. The Cathedral was finally completed in 1860, then destroyed during the Soviet Period, and rebuilt in the late 1990s.
6: Walking through the streets of Moscow you will find buildings from different historical periods - some of them 19th century mansions renovated and turned into office and apartment buildings,
7: some of them wooden, still preserved as house-museums of famous Russian writers, some of them from the Pre-Revolution period. | For example, this is the building of the "Red October" chocolate factory built at the very end of the 19th century.
8: These photos represent buildings of the Stalin-era built in Russian Baroque and Gothic style in the 1940 - 1950s. The buildings are massive and are decorated with Social Realism motifs. | Apartment Building on Kotelnicheskaya Embankment (above) Garden Ring apartment buildings (on the right)
9: Moscow State University Main Building together with the Building on Kotelnicheskaya Embankment are among the so called Seven Sisters Skyscrapers located throughout the city, defining the Moscow skyline.
10: Moscow International Business Center is an excellent example of modern architecture in Moscow. The Center is still under construction and it is meant to be a development combining office space,
11: living space, and entertainment. The construction began in 1996 and is scheduled to be completed in 2015. The Business Center will be among the tallest European skyscrapers. The Mercury City Tower, for example, will be tallest building in Europe and in Russia, standing at 339 meters.
12: Moscow is still growing and changing every day. Looking at the present day architectural designs we can mostly see two trends. The first one is the drastic increase of gigantic complexes of apartment buildings due to the growing population of the city. The other one is the appearance of elite houses and apartments in the
13: center of Moscow, which are often stylized as 19th and early 20th century buildings. (p. 12 second picture on the right) Above is a picture of an apartment building in the center. (compare to an apartment building in the suburbs on the left.)