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FC: By: Tamia Gabriel, Dyanna Freeman, Jessica Lopez, Selina Bassett, and Will Eubanks | Archaic Tradition
1: Early Archaic Period 8000 B.C. - 6000 B.C. Middle Archaic Period 6000 B.C. - 3000 B.C. Late Archaic Period 3000 B.C. - 1000 B.C. | Archaic Time Periods
2: Climate | The Archaic Indians adapted to a warmer climate than the Paleo Indians faced. This caused a change in their food source, and they had to adapt to hunting smaller animals. Because of the increasingly warmer climate, the Archaic Indians didn't have to move/migrate as often.
4: Tools and Weapons | The Archaic Indians used tools such as pottery, stone knives, darts, and soapstone, and weapons such as spear points and the atlatl. The atlatl consisted of a thick piece of stiff material (bone sliver, etc.) attached to a spear. The user would grasp the bone and spear together. Then he would throw, holding on to the bone and allowing for its leverage to launch the spear forward at twice the normal speed.
6: Migration | The first Archaic Indians lived as nomads. They traveled often in search of food. Eventually, they learned to depend on their surroundings, and began to hunt smaller game. They did not have to migrate as often.
8: The Archaic natives hunted the last of the Ice Age animals. The climate changed so the Natives had to adapt to a different variety of food. They were dependent on hunting smaller game, fishing, and gathering fruits and nuts. They hunted deer, bear, and a variety of smaller land creatures. The natives invented the atlatl to stab faster game. | Food
10: Housing | Due to the fact that Archaic Indians had to move often, they had to build houses that were easy to take down. They often made these houses out of animal hides, brush, and reeds. Most of the time, the floors were built just above the ground. Most houses were built out in the open, but some were positioned around natural rock alcoves for protection.
12: Religion | Archaic Indians, descendants of Paleo Indians, were very unique people. The Indians of the Archaic Time Period had different beliefs than the other traditions. They believed in life after death, a way of living that states that after you die, you are believed to have a continued life in what is called a "spiritual world." Often, the dead would be buried with their most precious belongings, such as valuables or prized possessions, because of this belief.
13: They are very spiritual and took religion seriously. Some say that they give each other a symbol of an animal and when they die their spirit will go to that animal or they will become that animal.
14: Mounds | The Archaic natives did not build any mounds. Most prehistoric mounds were made by the Woodland Indians. The Archaic natives did eat oysters and shellfish, and discarded the shells. The shells came together in piles to create middens.
16: Essential | GPS: Early prehistoric societies were on the move because they needed food, and everything that they hunted, moved! Therefore, it seemed natural that they would follow their food. As more modern food-finding techniques were established, the Indians were able to settle down for an easier, more comfortable life.
17: Questions | MYP: Human ingenuity demonstrates the change in Native American society in many ways. They found new ways to feed themselves, and therefore were able to settle down in one place. They also developed new housing strategies, and paved the way for new advancements in all categories of life.