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Nuclear Energy

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BC: Thanks for reading!!!

FC: Nuclear Energy!!

1: What Is It? | Nuclear energy is the energy that is created by atoms being broken apart or combined, generated and controlled by huge power plants. | There are two types: fission and fusion. fission is breaking apart atoms into smaller atoms. The nuclear use uranium for these purposes. they fire a neutron at a uranium, which makes it break apart into lighter elements and extra neutrons. these extra neutron go on to crash into other uranium atoms, and the cycle continues. | The Sun, and other stars, are the only things that work like this. Fusion works by combining to types of atoms into another atom and a single neutron. two types of atoms, called tritium and deuterium, combine to make helium-4 and an extra neutron. | There are over 400 nuclear power plants in the world, with 30 countries with working power plants. They are mainly in Europe, Japan, and Eastern United States.

2: Environmental Impacts | Nuclear waste is the only thing, apart from meltdowns, that the world hates about nuclear energy. One nuclear power plant give off 20-30 tons of waste every month. if this thing goes in the environment, it will seriously damage it and the creatures living it. | Nuclear waste is the by-products of the nuclear productivity. nuclear waste has to be stored for a period of time until it loses its radioactivity. low-level waste has to be stored for months and years, while high-level waste has to be stored for thousand of years. some people have suggested to put them in space, although this has never been carried out.

3: The main thing that worries people is the chance that the nuclear reactor is going to melt down. if it does it can cause cancer, skin loss, internal bleeding, weird mutations, and very strange things. | Environmental Impacts | Children of children who were exposed to radiation from nuclear meltdowns suffer terrible symptoms and mutations, cancer and leukemia. Thyroid cancers. Bowel cancers. Blood cancers. Babies from people exposed to the radioactive meltdown are born mutated, changed, with a short future. | nuclear meltdown

4: Short term effects and long-term effects | When people are exposed to nuclear waste, the main thing that is damaged is their DNA. it makes the shape abnormal and reshapes it. this can make the cells die, divide unnaturally, etc. When most or all of the body is exposed to at least radioactive waste, acute radiation sickness occurs. there are various symptoms, almost all of them seem normal. | If it goes on then it can cause cancer, mainly thyroid cancer, in the descendants of people who had been exposed to nuclear energy. there can also be bowel cancers, and blood cancers.

5: Safety | nuclear energy is one of the most dangerous types of energy, because if even one little thing goes wrong , it can mean the deaths of hundreds of people. it can also cause things to happen to the body, like acute radiation sickness and cancer. | nuclear reactors require huge control rods in order to not make the uranium particles split up too fast. this is because if it went as usual, you would have an atom bomb. that's how most atom bombs work. they also need tons of cool water to coll the plant down, or else, it will melt down.

6: Disposing | As you have read, nuclear waste has to be stored until it loses its radioactivity, which may take thousands of years. if it doesn't then it could seriously damage anything that was anywhere near it. people have suggested to take it to outer space, store it inside some mountain, or even underwater. none of these have been carried out. | Disasters | There has been many nuclear meltdowns and such over the past half-century. some of the most devastating was the Chernobyl incident, and the three miles nuclear reactor incident.

7: Disasters | the nuclear accident in Chernobyl, Soviet Union, was the worst nuclear accident in the history of accidents. when the operators started the reactor, the power was supposed to be only 25%. but, unexpectedly, the power dropped to 1%, so the power had to be slowly brought up. but, after a few seconds, the power suddenly spiked, and the emergency shutdown hailed. what happened was a massive explosion. about 200000 people had to be permanently relocated. in 2005, IAEA reported that 56 people died, and 4000 people may die because of long-term Cancer causes.

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  • By: Rui G.
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  • Title: Nuclear Energy
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  • Published: almost 6 years ago