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Periodic Table Family Album

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Periodic Table Family Album - Page Text Content

S: Seasons of Change

FC: The Periodic Table | The Happy Families | By: De'Shara Jefferson 2nd Period

1: Table Of Contents | -Inventors (History) -Periodic Table -Families -Alkali Metals -Alkali Earth Metals -Transitional Metals -Boron Family -Carbon Family -Nitrogen Family -Oxygen Family -Halogens -Noble Gasa | -Protons, Neutrons, Electrons -Work Cited

2: fling | Dmitri Mendeleev | He devised the first Periodic table in 1869. 69 elements were arranged by the similarities of the elements which left gaps for elements that were not invented yet. He also believed that the atomic number determined the chemical properties of the element. | Henry Moseley | Worked with Rutherford to discover the atomic number was the key to the chemical properties of elements. | Founders

3: The more you laugh the longer you live | Lothar Meyer | He arranged the elements and developed a chart plotting the atomic weight. | John Newlands | Figured out that when he arranged the elements by atomic number there were seven families with alike characteristics.

4: The Periodic Table

5: <---PERIODS--> | Reading the Periodic Table | <----GROUPS----> | EX. 3 =Atomic # Li =Symbol 6.941 =Atomic Mass Location: Period 2, Group 1

6: The Families

7: The Different Families: Alkali Metals Alkali Earth Metals Transitional Metals Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Halogens Noble Gases Actinides Lanthanides | Alkali & Alkali Earth Metals --> S Block Transitional Metals --> D Block Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Halogen, Noble Gases --> P Block Lanthanides, Actindies --> F Block

8: The Alkali Metals

9: -Consist of Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium,Cesium, and Francium | -S 1 block | Physical Properties: Soft, low melting & boiling point, low densities. | Chemical Properties: They can reduce oxygen, hydrogen, ammonia, and chlorine, cannot be stored under water, | Uses: Potassium: glassware Sodium: Liquid soap Lithium: Batteries Rubidium: Vehicals Cesium: Atomic clocks | 1 Valence electron

10: Alkali Earth Metals

11: -Consists Of: Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium, Radium | - S 2 Block | Physical Properties: Harder and denser than sodium and potassium, higher melting points | Chemical Properties: All oxides at room temp, and reduces water and dilute acids to hydrogen except Beryillium, Calcium, barium, and stronium reduces hydrogen gas when heated | 2 Valence electrons | Uses- Beryllium: Hand tools Magnesium: Constructions of airplanes Calcium: Food Stronium: Fireworks Barium: Digestive processfor X-Rays

12: Smiles Are Contagious! | Transitional Metals

13: Day at the Beach | -Consists of Groups 3-12 | -D Block | Physcial Properties High melting points and densities, form complex ions, most are coloured | Chemical Properties They form variable oxidation states, form complexes, coloured compounds, | Uses: As catalysts, converters in car exhausts

14: Boron Family

15: Lasting Memories... | Consists of: Boron, Aluminum, Gallium, Indium, Thallium | Physical Properties: increasing trend in density , melting point decreases from B to Ga, boiling point decreases down the group. | Chemical Properties: Forms boron trioxide when combined with oxygen, not soluable in water, dissolves in molten metals, doesn't react with metals. | Uses: To make alloys, helps make strong magnets | - P Block

16: "An open home, an open heart, here grows a bountiful harvest." - Judy Hand | Carbon Family

17: Consists of: Carbon, Silicon, Germanium, Tin, Lead | -P Block | Physical Properties: Non-Matallic, the densities increase down the group, the melting and boiling point decreases down the group. | Chemical Properties: Acidic character decreases down the group | Uses: Silicon is used in computer chips and solar cells, geranium is used in comuter industry, lead is used for plumming and to block radiation.

18: Nitrogen Family

19: Playing in the leaves! | The more you laugh, the longer you live. | Physical Properties: Colorless, nitrgen is a non matallic gas, phosporus is a nonmetal solid, arsenic and antimony is metalloids, and bismuth is a typical metal | Consist Of: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth. | Chemical Properties: Nitrogen can form nitrogen oxides, nitric acid, reacts to metals, unstable. | -P Block

20: Oxygen Family

21: Consist of: Oxygen, Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium, Polonium | Physical Properties: colorless, unpleasant smelling poisonous gases. | Chemical Properties: form air in atmosphere. | - P Block

22: Halogen Family

23: Consist of: Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine, Astatine | Physical Properties: nonmetals, pure form. | Chemical Properties: form sodium chloride, form ionic bonds. | - P Block

24: Warm & Cozy | Noble Gases

25: Dashing Through the Snow | Consist of: Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, Radon | Physical Properties: low melting and boiling points, don't react with other substances, high ionization. | Chemical Properties: form NO COMPOUNDS

26: PROTONS | - A stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, with a positive electric charge equal in magnitude to that of an electron. | NeutronS | -A subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but without an electric charge, present in all atomic nuclei except those of ordinary hydrogen | +1 | Electrons | -A stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electricity, found in all atoms and acting as the primary carrier of electricity in solids | -1

29: Work Cites: | http://www.ucc.ie/academic/chem/dolchem/html/comp/transmet.html http://www.docbrown.info/page04/4_75trans.htm#catalysts http://www.transtutors.com/chemistry-homework-help/S-and-P-block-elements/physical-properties-of-boron-family.aspx http://www.chemistryexplained.com/elements/A-C/Boron.html http://www.learner.org/interactives/periodic/groups7.html http://www.carondelet.pvt.k12.ca.us/Family/Science/Nitrogen/nitrogen.html

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  • By: DeShara J.
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  • Title: Periodic Table Family Album
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