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Plant Scavenger Hunt

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Plant Scavenger Hunt - Page Text Content

FC: Plant Scavenger Hunt Yumiko Gely Period 2/3

1: scientific name: Toxicodendron pubescens common name: Poison Oak country of origin: USA growing conditions: moderately dry fields shrubs which contain urushiol which causes skin irritation | scientific name: Toxicodendron vernix common name: Poison sumac country of origin: USA growing conditions: wet soils, swamps shrubs contain resin (urushiol) which causes skin irratiation | scientific name: Toxicodendron radicans common name: Posion Ivy country of origin: USA growing conditions: all soil types (moderately acidic) Shrubs and vines contains urushiol causing skin irritation | (2011 Oct. 2). Toxicodendron pubescens. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/toxicodendron_pubescens | (2011 Oct. 22). Toxicodendron radicans. Retreived Oct. 23, 2011 from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poison_sumac | (2011 Sept. 2). Poison Sumac. Retrieved Oct. 23 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poison_sumac | (2011 April 29). Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from http://cleanfloorsdirtypaws.blogspot.com/2011_04_01_archive.html | (2009 Nov. 9) Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from http://www.caskeycpr.com/blog/ | Coy, Mike. (2009 Jan. 15). Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from http://ccst.ccps.org/NatRes/PlantID/PROJECT%20X/more%20plants.html | 1. Poisonous Plants in Ohio

2: 2. Gymnosperm (Male Gametophyte) | scientific name: Encephalartos horridus common name: Eastern Cape Blue Cycad country of origin: South Africa conditions of rowth: full & direct sunlight, slightly acidic soil, moderate water | Le Roux, Lou. (2003 April). Encephalartos horridos. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2011, from www.plantzafrica.com/planteft/encephhorrid.htm

3: 3. Gymnosperm (Female Gametophyte) | scientific name: Pinus sylvestris common name: Scotch Pine country of Origin: Scotland | Scotch Pine (pinus sylvestris). Retrieved Oct. 23 2011, from www.dnr.state.oh.us/home/trees/scotchpine/tabid/5410/default.aspx | growth conditions: well drained soils with acidic pH, tolerant to poor soil (sandy, rocky, clay), tolerate to droughts

4: 4. Angiosperm (Perfect Flower) | scientific name: Lilium orientalis common name: Pink Giant Lily country of origin: USA growth conditions: full sunlight, moderate water supply | A perfect is a flower that contains both a stamen and pistil. The pink giant lily contains both the stamen and pistil . | Lilium Pink Perfection. Retrieved Oct. 22, 2011, from www.davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/57441

5: 5. Angiosperm (Complete Flower) | scientific name: Zinnia peruviana common name: Zinnia country of origin: Mexico growth conditions: full sun, moderate water | A complete flower has all 4 flower parts: sepal, petal, stamen, and pistil. The zinnia contains all 4 of these flower parts, making it a complete flower. | Peruvian zinnia. Retrieved Oct 21, 2011, from wwww.davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/866/#b

6: 6. Dioecious Plant | The difference between a monoecious and dioecious plant is monecious plants have one single plant with both male and female parts. Dioecious plants have separate male and female plants. | scientific name: Ginkgo bilboa common name: Ginkgo Tree country of origin: Eastern China growing conditions: high tolerance to excessive soil, sunlight, pH, except water.

7: 7. Endosperm | growing conditions: full sun, rich well drained soil, moist climate | scientific name: Zea mays common name: bi-colored corn country of origin: USA | How to grow corn. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.usagardener.com/how_to_grow_vegetables/how_to_grow_corn.php | BiColor Corn. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.produceoasis.com/Items_folder/vegetables/Bcolorcorn.html

8: 8. Plant with Symbiosis with Mycorrhizal Fungi | Scientific name: Malus domestica Common name: Apple Tree Country of Origin: Western Asia (Turkey, China) Growing Condiditons: tolerant to most soil conditions, full sun | Apple Trees have a mutualistic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi. The fungi attaches to the root of the apple tree if the host is not in good soil. The fungi aids the tree in retaining moisture and nutrients that normally the roots could not reach. In return, the fungi recieves sugars from the tree due to the tree's photosynthesis. | (2011 Oct. 21). Apple. Retrieved Oct. 22, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/Apple

9: Scientific Name: Poa pratensis Common Name: Kentucky BlueGrass Growing Conditions: Almost any type of soil, temperate regions, can withstand winters Country of Origin: Europe | 9. Monocot | (2011, August 15). Poa pratensis. Retrieved October 16, 2011, from: www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/smooth_Meadow-grass | Russel, Alex. (2006, August 26). America's Grass: Kentucky Grass. Retrieved October 16, 2011, from: www.allaboutlawns.com/grass-types/americas-grass-kentucky-blue-grass.php

10: Scientific Name: Acer palmatum Common Name: Japanese Maple Country of Origin: Japan Conditions of Growth: Well drained soil, non-fertilized soil, shady areas, temperate areas | 10. Dicot with Compound Leaf | (2011, October 10). Acer Palmatum. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from: www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acer-palmatum

11: 11. Dicot (Eudicot) with Simple Leaf | scientific name: Magnolia acuminata Common name: Cucumber Tree Country of origin: USA Growing conditions: well-drained deep rich soil, direct sunlight, doesn't tolerate drought/wet soils | Cucumber Tree (Magnolia acuminata. Retreed Oct. 20, 2011, from wwww.dnr.state.oh.us/forestry/trees/cucumber/tabid/5360/Default.aspx

12: 12 . Bryophyte | Common name: Sheet moss Country of Origin: USA Growth Conditions: shady aresas, with hot and humid temperatures | Sheet Moss. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2011, from www.mossacres.com/shade-plants.asp

13: 13. Vascular Seedless Plant | Common Name: Oak- Leaved Fern Country of Origin: india Conditions of Growth: tropical/temperate areas, moderate temperatures

14: 14. Edible Leaf | Scientific name: Lactuca sativa common name: Romaine lettuce Country of Origin: Greece | Growth Condition:tolerant to heat, moderate soil, direct sunlight | (2011 July 29). Romaine Lettuce. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romaine_lettuce

15: 15. Edible Root | Scientific Name: Raphanus savitus | Common name: Rudi Rasidh | Country of Origin: Europe | Growing Conditions: full sun, sandy loam soil, slightly acidic pH soil | (2011 Oct. 22). Radish. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radish

16: 16. Edible Vegetable (Not A Fruit!) | Scientific name: Brassica oleracea common name: Broccoli | country of origin: Italy growing conditions: cool weather, moderate soil | (2011 Oct 20). Broccoli. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broccoli | Frazier, David. A Crop of Broccoli in Central California. Retrieved Oct. 19, 2011, from www.drfphoto.com/photo/7747

17: Scientific Name: Averrhoa carambola Common Name: Starfruit Tree Country of Origin: Indonesia Growing Conditions: direct sunlight, moderate water, warm temperatures | 17. Edible Fruit | Star Fruit: Averrhoa carambola. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2011, from: www.tradewindsfruit.com/star_fruit.htm

18: 18. Fruit Specialized for Dispersal (other than Digestion) | scientific name: Liquidambar styraciflua common name: American Sweetgum Country of origin: USA conditions of growth: temperate climate, moist acidic loam (clay soil), tolerates poor drainage | (2011 Oct. 10). Liquidambar styraciflua. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquidambar_styraciflua

19: 19. Heterotrophic Plant | Scientific Name: Sarracenia purpurea Common Name: American Purple Pitcher Plant Growing Conditions: Direct sunlight, moist climate, zero nutrient, acid medium soil Country of Origin: America | A heterotrophic plant is one that obtains energy and nutrients from other organisms. The pitcher plant obtains most of it's nutrients by capturing prey such as flies, ants, spiders, and moths. It does so by attracting the insects with their flower like characteristics. The insect slips into the tube due to the plants slipper rim and is guided down the tube with the stiff downward pointing hairs. These hairs prevent the insect from crawling back up. The nectar in the plant also has a mild narcotic which reduces the reaction of the insect. All of these characteristics of the plant result in the insect drowning in the pool of rainwater collected at the bottom of the plant. The insect is then digested by the digestive enzymes in the walls of the pitcher, or the small bacteria community living in the plant digest the insect as well.

20: heterotrophic plant citations: | (2011 October 4). Sarracenia purpurea. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/sarracenia_purpurea | Sarracenia-The Purple Pitcher Plant. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from www.botoany.org/carnivorous_plants/sarracenia_purpurea.php. | Rice, Barry. (2010 January). The Carnivorous Plant FAQ. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from www.sarracenia.com/faq/faq5552.html | Walker, Rick. (2008). Sarracenia-Pitcher Plant. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from www.thecps.org.uk/content/view/11/25/1/1

21: 20. Parasitic Plant | Scientific Name: Ficus pumila Common Name: Creeping Fig Country of Origin: East Asia (China, Vietnam area) Growing Conditions: Warm climates, partial sun, drought resistant | A parasitic plant is one that obtains nourishment from the living tissue of another organism (the host). in this case, the creeping fig (the parasite) grows on the common fig (the host). The creeping fig's tendrils dig into the host's tree trunk and obtains its nutrients. It grows very rapidly and when cut off it grows back very fast. However, the creeping fig is semi-parasitic, because it gets some of its nutrients from the common fig, but also photosynthesizes (therefore has a green color)

22: parasitic plant citations | (2011 September 4). Ficus pumila. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from: www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ficus_pumila | Philange, Tallulah. (2011, July 18). About a Creeping Fig. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from www.ehow.com/info_8751725_creeping-fig.html

23: 21. Modified Leaf | This cactus has modified leaves which are thin, and prickly. These leaves have 2 functions: 1. keep animals away from eating the stem tissue because that is where all the water is contained and all of the nutrients. 2. decrease the surface area for water to evaporate from the stomata of the leaves since they live in dry climates, so they need to keep as much water as they can. | scientific name: Mammillaria bocasana v. multilanata common name: Powderpuff Cactus, Snowball Cactus country of origin: Mexico growing conditions:direct sunlight, moderate temperatures, dry soil | (2011). Mammillaria bocasana v. multilanata. Retrieved Oct. 15, 2011, from www.flowerservant.com/default.asp?page=catalogue02&fID=78&currPos=0&id_skupina=2

24: 22. Invasive, Alien / Non-Native Ohio Plant | The hybrid cattail was introduced into America in the 1800s by the Europeans. They have become a problem because the hybrid cattail is competitively superior to the narrow and broad leaved cattails in stable water, They grow rapid monocultures in areas, reducing bio-diversity. They also imped the water flow, causing siltation. | Scientific name: Typha xglauca Common name: Hybrid Cattail Growth Conditions: wet/saturated soils Country of Origin: Europe Area | Hybrid cattail. Retrieved Oct. 21, 2011, from www.agdepartment.com/noxiousweeds/pdf/Hybridcattail.pdf

25: 23. Cork of a Deciduous Tree | Scientific Name: Acer rubrum Common name: Red Maple country of Origin; USA Conditions of Growth: poor dry soils, tolerant to almost all soil types, temperatures, moisture and pH | (2011 Oct. 10) Acer rubrum. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acer_rubrum

26: 24. Epiphyte | Scientific Name: Cattleya chocolate drop Common name: Volcano Queen Orchid Country of Origin: Central/South America Growth Conditions: high humidity, direct light, normal to moist water | An epiphyte is an organism which grows above ground (nonparasitically) on another plant and gets its nutrients and water from rain, air, etc. | Cattleya Chocolate Drop. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/pd_fc32.html

27: 25. Plant with Medicinal Use | Scientfic name: Aloe barbadensis Common name: Barbados Aloe Country of Origin: Malawi & Rhodesia Growing Conditions: full/partial sun, moderate soil | The Aloe plant is used for many medicinal uses. the gel in the leaves is made into a smooth type of cream that heals burns, rashes and more skin problems. The yellow juice between the gel and outer skin of the leaf is dried and used as a laxative. | (2011 October 21). Aloe. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/aloe | Information about the Herb Aloe Vera. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.globalherbsupplies.com/herb_information/aloe_vera.htm

28: Bonus: Edible "wild" plant native to Ohio | Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale Common name: Common Dandelion Growth conditions: moist soils, direct sunlight Country of Origin: Europe/ Asia | (2011 Oct. 23). Taraxacum officinale. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taraxacum_officinale

29: bonus: Angiosperm with Non-insect Pollinator | growth conditions: full sun, moderate water | Scientific name: Passiflora x. alatocaerulea Common name: Passion flower Country of Origin: Usa (hybrid of pssiflora alata and Passaflora Caeulea | Woodruff, Michael. Sword Billed hummingbird. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:swordbilledhummingbird | Passion Flower. Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from www.desert-tropicals.com/plants/Passifloracae/Passiflora_alatocaerulea.html

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  • Title: Plant Scavenger Hunt
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