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Plant Scavenger Hunt

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Plant Scavenger Hunt - Page Text Content

S: Seasons of Change

FC: Ali Gradone Plant Scavenger Hunt Period 2/3

1: Poison Ivy | Poison Sumac | Poison Oak | Scientific Name: Toxicodendron radicans Common Name: poison ivy Description: Woody perennial, three leaves, bright green during the summer, reddish tinge during the spring or fall, vine-like formation, often on trees or along the ground. Conditions of Growth: Almost everywhere, but mainly in deciduous forests | Scientific Name: Toxicodendron vernix Common Name: Poison Sumac Description: Small tree or shrub, leaves look like ash leaves but the stems are always red, fruit is a small, grayish white berry Conditions of Growth: Low, wet ground, others found on well drained soil | Scientific Name: Toxicodendron pubescens Common Name: Atlantic Poison Oak Description: Perennial small shrub, small, green berries, bright orange/red in the fall Conditions of Growth: Dry habitats | #1 Poisonous Plants in Ohio | Sachs, J. (2002). Poison ivy in fall. Retrieved from http://www.poison-ivy.org/html/fall1.htm Poison sumac rhus vernix . (2011). Retrieved from http://www.survivalschool.us/edible-medicinal-plant-uses/poison-sumac-rhus-vernix/ Poison sumac (toxicodendron vernix). (2007, July 30). Retrieved from http://dnr.wi.gov/forestry/TreeID/TreePgs/toxicodendronvernix.htm Cook, W. (2010, February 01). Atlantic poison-oak (toxicodendron pubescens). Retrieved from http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/topu.html

2: #2 Gymnosperm-Male | Common Name: Eastern Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock Scientific Name: Tsuga canadensis Origin: Northern North America Conditions of Growth: colder climate, full sun, does not need very much water | Eastern hemlock. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/forestry/trees/hemlock_est/tabid/5372/Default.aspx

3: #3 Gymnosperm-Female | Common Name: Weeping Norway Scientific Name: Picea abies 'Pendula' Origin: Northern Europe, Norway Conditions of Growth: Cold. well drained soil. full sun | picea abies 'pendula' . (2011). Retrieved from http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/plant.asp?code=B693

4: #4 Angiosperm-Perfect Flower | Common Name: Rose Bush Scientific Name: Rosa Chinensis Origin: China Conditions of Growth temperate, plenty of light, well drained soil | This flower is perfect because it contains both male and female parts, or both a pistil and a stamen | Rose. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/509710/rose

5: Common name: Cat Mint, Catnip Scientific Name: Nepeta mussinii Origin: Europe Conditions of Growth: Sunny, well drained soil, can survive cold, winter temperatures | #5 Angiosperm - Complete Flower | Schooley, J. (2011, August 16). Catnip. Retrieved from http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/hort/herbs/catnip.htm | This Flower is Complete because it contains petals, male and female parts, and sepals

6: #6 Dioecious Plant | Christman, S. (2006, June 06). Cycas circinalis. Retrieved from http://www.floridata.com/ref/c/cyca_cir.cfm | Common Name: Fern Palm, Queen Sago Scientific Name: Cycas Circinalis Conditions of Growth: Bright light, loose, sandy soil with some organic matter, adequate moisture Country of Origin: Equatorial Africa | Difference between a dioecioius plant and a monecious plant: Dioecious plants have both a male and female tree, while monecious plants have a single bisexual tree.

7: #7 Endosperm | Common Name: Sweet Corn Scientific Name: Zea mays variety saccharata Origin: Northern South America Conditions of Growth: Full sun, water, well drained soil, does not need a lot of space | As american as apple pie. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/archives/parsons/publications/vegetabletravelers/corn.html

8: #8 Plant that Shows Symbiosis with Mycorrhizal Fungi | Common Name: Apple Tree Scientific Name: Malus domestica Origin: Central Asia Conditions of Growth: Deciduous forests, well watered, although soil should be well drained, partial to full sun, cool and humid | Apple tree: granny smith. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://plantogram.com/index.php?productID=252 | In the symbiotic relationship of mycorrhizal fungi and plants, both organisms benefit. The fungi absorb nutrients in the soil, break down organic material, and extend the reach of the plant roots. These things allow the plant to get nutrients and water it could not have gotten otherwise. The tree roots provide organic substances to the fungi such as sugars and amino acids.

9: Common Name: Golden Chain Root Grass Seientific Name: Arundo donax Origin: Mediterranean Europe Conditions of Growth: Moderate warmth, full to partial sun, well drained soil | #9 Monocot | Arundo donax: golden chain reed grass. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.plantdelights.com/Arundo-donax-Golden-Chain-Perennial-Giant-Reed-Grass/productinfo/6671/

10: # 10 Dicot with Compound Leaf | Common Name: Flowering Dogwood Scientific Name: Cornus florida Origin: Ohio Conditions of Growth: full to parital sun, deciduous forests, fertile soil. relatively moist | Evans, E. (n.d.). Trees: cornus florida. Retrieved from http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/factsheets/trees-new/cornus_florida.html

11: Common Name: Weeping Cherry Tree Scientific Name: Prunus subhirtella var. pendula Origin: Japan Conditions of Growth: Warm, fully sun, well drained soil | #11 Dicot with Simple Leaf | Talbert, A. (n.d.). About the weeping cherry tree. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/about_5089415_weeping-cherry-tree.html

12: #12 Bryophyte | Common Name: Sheet Moss Origin: North America Conditions of Growth: pretty much anywhere, wet areas, grow on things like rocks and dead trees | Sheet moss: ideal shade plants. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.mossacres.com/shade-plants.asp

13: #13 Vascular Seedless | Common Name: Lace Fern Oriigin: Northern India to Japan Conditions of Growth: Shade, Well watered, usually warmer conditions | Lace fern. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.magnoliagardensnursery.com/productdescrip/Fern_Lace.html

14: #14 Edible Leaf | Basil. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.culinarycafe.com/Spices_Herbs/Basil.html | Common Name: Sweet Basil Scientific Name: Ocimum basilicum Origin: India and Persia Conditions of Growth: Warm. full sun, well watered

15: Common Name: Ginger Scientific Name: Zingiber officinale Origin: India Conditions of Growth: Well drained soil, frost-free, light shade | Michaels, F. (2011). Ginger growing information. Retrieved from http://www.greenharvest.com.au/Plants/ginger_info.html | #15 Edible Root

16: #16 Edible Vegetable that is not a Fruit | Common Name: Watermelon Radish, Shinrimei Scientific Name: Raphanus sativus "Shinrimei" Origin: China Conditions of Growth: cool climates, moderate water | Crippling country frost. (2008, May 30). Retrieved from http://iwetmyplants.com/2008/05/ Chinese radish. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.evergreenseeds.com/orradshin.html

17: #17 Edible Fruit | Common Name: Kaffir Lime Scientific Name: Citrus hystrix Origin: Southeast Asia Conditions of Growth: Full sun, somewhat humid conditions, not too wet | Phipps, N. (n.d.). Care of your kaffir lime tree. Retrieved from http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/exotic/care-of-your-kaffir-lime-tree.htm

18: #18 Fruit Specialized for Dispersal other than Digestion | Ohio trees: sugar maple. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/forestry/trees/maple_sugar/tabid/5387/Default.aspx | Origin: Deciduous forests of North America Conditions of Growth: full to partial sun, generally moist, feritle soil, lots of space | Common Name: Sugar Maple Scientific Name: Acer saccharum

19: Common Name: American Pitcher Plant Scientific Name: Sarracenia species Origin: southeaster coastal plain of North Carolina Conditions of Growth: boggy or grassy, warm, moist soil, full sun | #19 Heterotrophic Plant | Why "heterotrophic"? These plants live in areas where there many not be enough nutrients. Therefore, they have to get some minerals by catching insects in their pitchers, then subsequently drowning and digesting them, Because heterotrophic means "one who eats both," this plant photosynthesizes for its energy and "eats" the other nutrients it does not get. | Rice, B. (2005). Introducing north american pitcher plant. Retrieved from http://www.sarracenia.com/faq/faq5520.html

20: #20 Parasitic Plant | Common Name: Strangler Fig Scientific Name: Ficus aurea Origin: South Florida, the Keys, and the West Indies Conditions of Growth: Warm, lots of water, needs another plant to parasitize, full to partial sun | Strangler fig. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/4h/strangler_fig/stranfig.htm | This plant is a parasitic plant because it eventually kills the tree it is taking mutrients from. It attaches as a seed and grows roots that feed on nutirens and water from the tre, eventaully enveloping the host tree and killing it

21: #21 Modified Leaf | Common Name: Ghost Euphorbia Scientific Name: Euphorbia lactea var. variegata Origin: India Conditions of Growth: warm, tropical, humid conditions, little sunlight or it wil burn | FUnction of the Modified Leaf: this leaf is modified into a cactus-like spike, which both reduces water loss while protecting the plant from other animals. | Euphorbia lactea "white ghost" (forma variegata). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cactus-art.biz/schede/EUPHORBIA/Euphorbia_lactea/Euphorbia_lactea_white_ghost/Euphorbia_lactea_white_ghost.htm

22: #22 Invasive, Alien or Non-Native Ohio Plant | Common Name: Japanese Honeysuckle Scientific Name: Lonicera japonica Conditions of Growth: Wide variety of landscapes, relatively temperate zones Origin: Japan and Korea | Japanese Honeysuckle was introduced into the United States as a ornamental plant, for erosion control, and for wildlife forage and cover. Because it is hardy, has no natural predators, and birds and other animals spread the seeds, it has taken over and killed many native plants. | Japanese honeysuckle. (2009, July 07). Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/loja1.htm

23: #23. Cork of a Deciduous tree | Common Name: Shag Bark Hickory Scientific Name: Carya ovata Origin: Deciduous forests of North America Conditions of Growth: deciduous forests, cold winters, full to partial sun, generally moist, well drained soil, need room | Japanese honeysuckle. (2009, July 07). Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/loja1.htm | Graney, S. (n.d.). Shagbark hickory. Retrieved from http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/carya/ovata.htm

24: #24 Epiphyte | Common Name: Bromeliads Scientific Name: | Epiphyte: Any type of plant that grows on another plant. It does not harm the plant, so it is not parasitic, It gets its nutrients from rotting organic material, rainwater, and the air | Butler, Rhett A (2006). “Epiphytes.” Retrieved 18 October 2011, from Mongabay.com / A Place Out of Time: Tropical Rainforests and the Perils They Face. Web site: http://www.mongabay.com/0405.htm Phalaenopsis orchid care . (2007). Retrieved from http://www.orchidflowerhq.com/phalaenopsiscare.php | Common Name: Moth Orchid Scientific Name: Phalenopsis Origin: Asia, Australia Growing Conditions: grow on trees in tropical areas that are well watered

25: #25 Plant with a Medicinal Use | Common Name: Aloe Vera, Curacao Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Lily of the Desert Scientific Name: Aloe barbadensis Country of Origin: East and South Africa Conditions of Growth: subtropical or tropical conditions, lots of sunlight, well drained soil | Information about the herb aloe vera . (2009). Retrieved from http://www.globalherbalsupplies.com/herb_information/aloe_vera.htm | Medicinal Use: Cure upset stomach, rub the gel on burns, cuts, ulcers, insect bites, if ingested can relieve hypertension, can lower blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes

26: Bonus #1 Angiosperm with non-insect pollinator | Common Name: Hibiscus Scientific Name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Origin: South China Conditions of Growth: Tropical, warm, well watered | Richins, V. (2008, August). Garden friends part 1: attracting hummingbirds . Retrieved from http://urbangardencasual.com/2008/08/26/garden-friends-part-1-attracting-hummingbirds/ Thulaja, N. (2003, February 10). Hibiscus. Retrieved from http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_211_2005-01-09.html

27: Bonus #2 Edible "wild" plant native to Ohio Common Name: Dandelion Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Country of Origin: North America Conditions of Growth: Nearly every temperate climate, full to partial sun very hardy Esser,, L. (1993). Index of species information: taraxacum officinale. Retrieved from http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/taroff/all.html

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  • Title: Plant Scavenger Hunt
  • AP Biology Plant Project
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  • Published: about 8 years ago