BC: Silence Is Acceptance Fight For What You Want You Never Know What You Can Do Til You TRY!!!!!!!!!!!!
FC: Tariffs | Acts | Amendments | Muck-raker's | Roosevelt | Reformers | Taft | The Progressive Era Asia Jones 2/8/14 7th Pd | Wilson | Goals | Progressives | Problems
1: Table Of Contents | 1. The Muck-raker's & Problems They Sought to Reform 2. The Muck-raker's 3. The Goals of the Progressives 5. Progressivism UnderRoosevelt 7. Progressivism During Taft Presidency 9. Progressivism Under Wilson 11. Progressive Era Amendments 12. .Progressive Era Report Card
2: The Muck-Raker's & Problems Sought to Reform | Muck-raker's where journalists, novelists, and critics who in the first decade of the 20th century attempted to expose the abuses of business and the corruption in politics. The main problems Muck-raker's were trying to reform are:labor and child labor, monopolies, treatment of immigrants and women, and quality of food. | 1.
3: The Muck-raker's | Jacob Riis | Upton Sinclair | Ida Tarbell | Helen Hunt Jackson | 2.
4: The Goals Of the Progressives | -Regulation of unfair business practices by big business -Rationalization of tax structure, particularly introduction of tax based on income rather than property. -End of corruption in government including law enforcement and management of public services. -Home rule or decentralization of governance by granting rights to cities to govern themselves. | 3.
5: -Greater right of voters, for example, right to recall persons from public offices, and to select candidates for election, instead of these candidates being nominated by delegates to political party conventions. -Election of US senators directly by people instead of by state legislature. -Improving conditions of housing particularly in crowded slums. -Improving conditions of workers in mines and factories. This included improvement in areas like working hours and conditions, safety, and wages | 4.
6: Progressivism Under Roosevelt | In 1906, Roosevelt signed the Pure Food and Drug Act into law. It required that all food and beverage containers, including those for medicines, be clearly labeled with the ingredients of their contents. It banned the manufacture, sale, or transportation across state lines of harmful or poisonous substances. He was given the name “trust-buster” because of the way he handled the lawsuits that were filed against the government for various reasons. Roosevelt also sought to strengthen the government's power and square deal was going to help him do so. Square Deal is the three C’s control of corporations, consumer protection, and conversation. Square Deal was put into action in 1902, when the United | 5.
7: - | Mine Workers went on strike demanding recognition of their union and higher wages. Roosevelt offered to appoint a commission of arbitrators who would hear both sides and settle the dispute but the works didn’t agree because they didn’t trust them and the owner didn’t like it because it mirrored what he was trying to do with the big businesses. But eventually they both gave in. And the commission came to a compromise of owners raising the pay but lowering the hours but not having to recognize or bargain with the union. This was the first time that any president had ever achieved a result that protected workers and the public, at least to some extent. For the moment, both sides expressed satisfaction with the commission’s ruling. | 6.
8: Progressivism During Taft's Presidency | William Howard Taft, who had served in Roosevelt’s cabinet, was elected president in 1908 with Roosevelt’s support. Taft continued many of the programs that Roosevelt had initiated. His administration filed nearly a hundred lawsuits against trusts. He set aside more public lands as reserves. He supported the elimination of child labor. He signed the Department of Labor into law. Under Taft, Congress passed laws mandating safer working conditions in mines and an 8-hour workday for the laborers in any company | 7.
9: - | that did business with the federal governmentUnder Taft, the Sixteenth Amendment, providing for a federal income tax proportional to the amount a person earned, was proposed; it was ratified shortly after he left office. | 8.
10: Progressivism Under Wilson | Wilson was a leading Progressive, arguing for a stronger central government and fighting for anti-trust legislation and labor rights. As president of the United States, he passed important legislation on those and many other issues, winning by a very small margin in the reelection in 1916 after saying he would keep America out of World War I. Wilson's Fourteen Points-a statement of national objectives that envisioned a new international order after World War I-ultimately failed, but was one of the clearest expressions of interventionist American values. Wilson ran in 1912 under a platform known as the "New Freedom," | 9.
11: in which he pledged to reintroduce real competition to the marketplace by destroying monopolistic economic trusts. In practice, however, his actions quickly came to look like the "regulated monopoly" of Republican candidate Theodore Roosevelt, and few trusts were dissolved during his tenure. Though he achieved passage of a 1914 measure to create a Federal Trade Commission, the regulatory body became co-opted by business interests just like the Interstate Commerce Commission before it. Wilson lowered the tariff, introduced the income tax, and instituted the Federal Reserve System to reform the national economy. | 10.
12: Progressive Era Amendments | 16th Income Tax 17th Direct Election Of Senators 18th Prohibition of Alcohol 19th Woman's Suffrage | 11.
13: Progressive Era Report Card | 1. Tax Reforms 2.Control onMonopolies 3. Political powers of the voters increased 4. Working Conditions improved 5. Cities were given right to home rule | 1. Treatment of Black Americans and Child Labor | 12.