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Reconstruction Era Project

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S: Reconstruction Era Project

BC: This is our proposal Thanks for listening! :D

FC: Reconstruction Era Project By: Jeffrey Bonvicin & David Palidora

1: PLANS | The 10% Plan - This was a plan created by Lincoln that said if 10% of it’s voters swore an oath of allegiance to the Union then they could be readmitted to the Union. They could then elect delegates to revise state constitutions and create new state governments. It also said that Lincoln would protect their private properties, but not their slaves and he would also would grant a full pardon to every southerner except for government officials and high-ranking Confederate army officers. This plan could have seemed like a political action to try and end the war quickly, reunite the country, and to stop all of the blood shed. | by Dave

2: Radical Reconstruction - This plan was mainly led by Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania and Charles Sumner of Massachusetts who were Republicans. This plan had three goals. The first goal was to prevent leaders of the Confederacy from returning to power after the war ended. The second goal was to make the Republican party a powerful institution in the South.The third goal was to get the federal government to allow African Americans to achieve political equality by allowing them the right to vote in the South. | by Dave

3: Presidential Reconstruction - This is about how Andrew Johnson’s goal was to reunite the country back together quickly. This reconstruction happened between 1863 - 1865. You can say that the Emancipation Proclamation was when this all started. Johnson gave back Southern white males back their land. Also, Johnson undermined the Freeman’s Bureau, meaning he is giving back all of the confiscated land back to the white landowners. He also appointed governors to watch each state on them abolishing slavery, by the Thirteenth Amendment. When Congress came back in power, the Reconstruction ended, not fully completing. | by Dave

4: AMENDMENTS | The 13th Amendment - This amendment officially outlawed slavery in the United States of America. This basically changed the economy approach that went on in the South during this time. This Amendment was adopted on December 6th, 1865. | by Dave

5: The 14th Amendment - This Amendment allowed citizenship to all people naturalized or born in the United States and that no state could deprive people of liberty, life, or property "without due process of law". It also said that no state could deny any person "equal protection of the laws". | by Dave

6: 15th Amendment - The 15th Amendment states that each government in the United States prohibit from denying a citizen the right to vote based on the citizen’s race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Also, The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. This was ratified on February 3, 1870. | by Dave

7: NICKNAMES | Carpetbaggers - These were people who moved from the North to the South, some of who attained positions in the South's state government. They were referred to as carpetbaggers because some of them arrived with suitcases which were made with carpet fabric. | by Jeff

8: Carpetbaggers - These were people who moved from the North to the South, some of who attained positions in the South's state government. They were referred to as carpetbaggers because some of them arrived with suitcases which were made with carpet fabric. | by Jeff

9: “Redemption” - White Southerns used this term to describe people who wanted to overthrow the Radical Republicans. Another term is scalawags or carpetbaggers. This is another terms for the same meaning of these terms. | by Jeff

10: People | Ulysses S. Grant - He was the 18th president of the United States. The Union was under his power when the Union defeated the Confederate. He destroyed the Ku Klux Klan in 1871. He tried to up come the Panic of 1873, but failed during his second term. He served in the Mexican-American War. He passed the 15th Amendment. | by Jeff

11: Charles Sumner - He was a senator and a politician for Massachusetts. He got Andrew Johnson impeached. He was the leader to the antislavery forces in Massachusetts. He was a leader to the Radical Republicans in the U.S. Senate during the Civil War, and Reconstruction. He wanted equal rights to the Freedmen. | by Jeff

12: Hiram Revels - He was a man who was the first African American in the United States Senate. He was originally a church pastor and a principal of an African American school. He was also the president of Alcorn University which was an African American college in Mississippi. | by Jeff

13: Acts | The Military Reconstruction Act - This act divided the former Confederacy except for Tennessee into five districts in which a Union General was put in charge of each one. They were also supposed to have another constitutional convention to create a new constitution for the state that Congress accepted and had to give the right to all adult male citizens to vote no matter what their race is. They also had to ratified the 14th Amendment to it to allow people to be elected to Congress. | by Jeff

14: Civil Rights Act of 1866 - This started on April 9, 1866. This was mainly to protect the civil rights of African Americans. This was enacted by Congress over the veto of Andrew Johnson. | by Jeff

15: Civil Rights Act of 1875 - This act was proposed by Charles Sumner and Benjamin F. Butler and it said that everyone regardless of their color, race, or previous condition of servitude was entitled to the same treatment in public places. This act was passed in February of 1865 but was rarely ever enforced. | by Jeff

16: Compromise of 1877 - This obviously was in 1877, and it ended the Congressional Reconstruction. This stated that Southern Democrats would acknowledge Hayes as the President of the United States. Also, the removal of all federal troops from former Confederate States, one Southern Democrat as Hayes’ Cabinet, construction of a transcontinental railroad, and Legislation to help industrialize the South. | by Jeff

17: Farming | Sharecropping V.S. Tenant Farming - Sharecropping was when a landowner allowed a tenant to use their landlord’s land to make crops. They would split it however the deal was made for it. They shared the crops made on the land. This benefits both the owner, and the worker, because they are both getting something out of this. Unlike before, the owner obtain everything while the worker got nothing out of it. Tenant farming was when an owner of land gave a portion of land to a tenant. The tenant then works on the crops, and when he makes sales and sells the crops, he/she, then gives majority of the money to the land owner. This also benefited both sides, because each are making money. | by Jeff

18: Cases | U.S. v.s. Cruikshank - This was argued on April 1, 1875. This was an important for the U.S. Congress to decide for the U.S. Constitutional Law. The Supreme Court ruled a range of issues and power. They found that the First Amendment was limiting The Supreme Courts’ power. | by Jeff

19: The Slaughter-House Cases - The first Supreme Court Ruling, involving the Fourteenth Amendment. It started in 1872, and was one of the first big breaks for Civil Rights. It was argued twice, and it ended on April, 1873. It had to do with the quality of meats manufactured in slaughterhouses. | by Jeff

20: Impeachment | The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson - President Johnson would veto a lot of things that Republicans tried to do to help reconstruct the country. During this time Congress passed two new acts, the Command of the Army Act and the Tenure of Office Act. The Command of the Army Act required all of the orders from the president to go through the headquarters of the general of the army, who at this time was Grant. | by Jeff

21: The Tenure of Office Act required the Senate to approve the removal of any government official. Johnson tried to challenge the Tenure of Office Act by firing the Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton who stayed barricaded in his office and refused to leave. A few days later Congress decided to impeach Johnson because he committed the crime of breaking the law by refusing to uphold the Tenure of Office Act. This left Johnson in office but took away all of his power as president. | by Jeff

23: Emergencies | Panic of 1873 - This was a big economic crisis in 1873 and lasted until 1879. Both Europe and the United States were effected in this depression. It is sometimes known as The Long Depression. | by Jeff

24: The Colfax Massacre - This event happened on April 13th, 1873 in Colfax, Louisiana. A white militia attacked freedmen and state militia who were trying to control the Grand Parish courthouse in Colfax. About 150 blacks died during this event as compared to the 3 white males who died. | by Jeff

25: KKK This was a clan of white people who were extremely racist against all types of race, including whites sometimes. They did horrible things to mainly blacks. They would hang them, and have a party while doing such. They would go on a killing spree and kill many blacks with guns. They held demonstrations about all their beliefs. Started in the South in the 1860’s, and they ended in 1871. There are still members of the club today. | by Dave

26: FREED SLAVES | Black Codes Limited African Americans their rights in the South and were intended to keep them in a state similar to slavery. African American children in certain states had to accept apprenticeships and could be beaten or whipped while serving under them. Some states also required blacks to have licenses to work jobs that were non-agricultural jobs. African Americans also were generally required to enter into annual labor contracts. | by Dave

27: Freedmen's Bureau They helped the slaves in the South who were set free by giving them clothing and food and water so that they could survive. They also helped to get enslaved people work on plantations but would give them labor contracts with farmers so that they could get pay for their work on the farms and the amount of hours that they worked. They also worked to educate the people who were former slaves while another creating housing for schools, paid teachers, and also to establish colleges for the training of African American teachers. | by Dave

28: Sherman’s General Field Order 15 General Sherman order for the 400,000 acres of land that he had confiscated on his armies march to the sea, to be divided into 40 acre parcels to be given to the around 18,000 freed slaves living in the areas of Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina. | by Dave

29: The Port Royal Experiment This was an experiment where 10,000 Blacks who were freed in Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina were allowed to farm the land and create plantations and prove that they could run their own plantations. President Johnson ended this experiment in 1865. | by Dave

30: Political Cartoon | by Jeff

31: Analysis | by Jeff | This political cartoon basically was showing how Civil Rights were finally be handed to African Americans during this time (more rights to males rather than women). This shows how after the struggle of African Americans, over time they were eventually handed rights by the white males.

32: The Effects of Reconstruction on American Society | There were numerous effects that Reconstruction had on the American Society at this time. The blacks getting their rights during this time did not hold well with some people. Some of these people were in the Ku Klux Klan and they would lynch black people just for the shear fact that they were black. Other effects of Reconstruction were the every man no matter what the color of his skin was, could vote. This changed American society now because blacks could choose how they would want to be represented in a state, by their governor or by the president in general. Also African Americans were

33: now able to have the opportunity to get a formal education. They could also run for positions in the senate which would change the way that African Americans could be represented in Congress during this time. The Reconstruction period also brought together the country that was separated and that definitely was an effect that it had on American Society. | by Jeff

34: Terpakistan should or should not follow a similar policy??? | In our opinion, we think that Terpakstan should have a similar policy. We, as in the U.S. made the slaves free. That was a great thing that happened during that time. This Era had many great things during this time and that is why Terpakistan should follow this policy. For example, after slaves were freed, they were allowed to do whatever they wanted to. They were allowed to farm their own land, and were allowed to own their own land too. This was a great expansion for the U.S. to have. | by Dave

35: by Dave

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