BC: Summer 2009
1: Context clues: information that helps the reader to understand a word or word group. Ex: "That persistent, driven boy,". With "driven" after "persistent", you can tell it means determined and won't give up.
2: Figurative Language-When the author uses phrases to give more meaning to an idea. | Metaphors- A type figurative language that compares using words other than like, as, or than. Such as: The beautiful fish like hair piece.
3: Similes- A type of figurative language that compares, using like or as or than. Such as: The wind as the tunes of nature. | Analogies- A type of figurative language that compares one noun to another. Similar to metaphors. Such as: Baseball is to a pitcher, as football is to quarterback. | Imagery- A type of figurative language that gives the reader an "image" or "picture" in their head while reading. Such as the big, brown bow lay in her soft blond hair.
4: Personification- A type of figurative language that gives inanimate objects, plants, and animals human qualities. Such as: The beautiful wind, breezing in the air. | Hyperbole- A type of figurative language that exaggerates what is being said. Such as: I could have eaten a horse!
5: Onomatopoeia- A type of figurative language that uses sounds to show what is going on in the piece of literature. Such as: Bang! Crash! Dun, dun, dun...
6: Idiom- A type of figurative language that gives the idea of a meaning that has no correlation to the true meaning. Such as: He had kicked the bucket. | Symbolism- A type of figurative that uses objects to symbolize a moral or the meaning of the piece of literature. Such as: The rose wilted away as he passed.
7: Text Structures- The way the author uses to organize the information. Such as: Problem/Solution, or Cause/Effect. | Sequence- Placing your events in a logical order. Such as: First, Second, Third.....
8: Problem/Solution- When the author states the problem, then the piece of writing goes through to find the solution. Such as: The table broke, so I fixed it with glue!
9: Compare/Contrast- Telling the differences and similarities. Such as: They are different colors, but the same shape. | Description - Describing the details in depth. Such as: Her brown hair, with a tint of blond .
10: Summary- Using few sentences to summarize the main events. Such as: Through the story there was love, death, and regret. Some of the characters will always feel that they could have done more at that hospital. But they will never know what could have been. | Cause/Effect- WHen one thing leads to another. Such as: The gum then stuck to the bird, causing the bird to be stuck to the post.
11: Topic/Main Idea- This is what the whole story or piece of literature is about. | Supporting Details- These help the reader to understand the main details better. Such as: The proof that this is true. | Theme- The subject of the piece. Such as: The main idea.
12: Author's Purpose- The reason why the author created this piece. | Literary Devices- Strategies that are used to make the piece more entertaining.
13: Foreshadowing- When the author gives clues to upcoming events. Such as: Then they found the right shoe, and heard screams from ahead.
14: Flashback- When there is a imagery of the past. Such as: "Remember back when a movie was 10 cents? Goin' to that old theater, good times!" | Irony- When one of the characters wants something, then in the end when they achieved it, others want it. Such as: In the Ugly Ducking
15: Bandwagon- One technique to persuade by saying others are using this product or service. Such as: "Sally Sue uses this! So does Billy Bob, why don't you?" | Persuasive Techniques- A way that people attempt to convince others to buy or use their product or service.
16: Statistics- When the author uses numbers to show a point or meaning. Such as: 9 out of 10 recommend it! | Testimonials- When the author uses the words of celebrities or well known people. Such as: "'Its amazing!' says Britney Spears." | Glittering Generalities- When appealing words are used. Such as: Free! Love! | Emotional Appeal- When the emotions are triggered. SUch as: They poor puppies have been beaten.
17: Characters- The people, animals, or objects that take part in the events of a piece of literature. | Protagonist- The character that saves or resolves the solution. Such as: Mr. Krabs in the Krabs:Plankton problem. | Antagonist- The character that stirs up trouble, creates the problem. Such as: Plankton in the Krabs:Plankton problem.
18: Setting- The location of the piece. Such as: Bikini Bottom, in Spongebob SquarePants. | Plot- The outline of the piece of literature. | Problem/conflict-An issue in the piece that needs to be resolved. Such as: Cinderella lost her shoe. | Rising action- The up come of events. Such as: Then there was foot-steps, then a scream, someone was near...
19: Subplots- A story within the main story. Such as: He believed he was going crazy. Without Holley what was he? But she still needed to be found. | Resolution- The answer to the problem. Such as: Then the shoe fit! It was Cinderella's shoe! | Climax- The turning point of the piece. Such as: In Twilight, when Bella found out Edward was a vampire. Everything changed. | Falling action- When the new events slow down, and the answer is drawn near.
20: Parallel Episodes- When an extremely similar situation happens repeatedly. Such as: In the Ugly Duckling, when he wants to be apart of everyone's family. | Facts vs. Opinion- The difference between something that is true and can be proven versus something that is someone's own words that they believe. Such as: The sky is blue, versus The sky is such a pretty color.
21: Bias- An unfair way, judging others. Such as: That man, from Kentucky, must be a no good farmer.
22: Bibliography | OCAL. "Magnifying Glass clip art - vector clip art online, royalty free & public domain." The online royalty free clipart 32395 - vector clip art online, royalty free & public domain. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2010.