FC: THE SOLAR SYSTEM BY: MICHAEL OZOMAH
1: About 5 billion years ago, the dust and gas from supernovas formed together to create a giant cloud in space. The gas cloud plucked together to create the Sun, asteroids, comets, and our planets. This took about 100 million years.
3: The Sun | The sun is the largest object in our solar system. It nearly takes up 99% of all the material in our solar system. The sun can get to heat up all the way to 27 million degrees Fahrenheit. This is the closest star we have to Earth. The second closest star is "proxima centauri". It is 400 billion miles away. You should never look directly at the sun. It could severely damage your eyes. You can even blind.
4: This planet is called Mercury. Earth is about three times the size of Mercury. One year on Mercury is 84 Earth days
5: Mercury | Mercury is the the closest planet to the Sun. It is about 67 million miles away from the Sun. Mercury is slightly bigger than the moon if Earth, but this planet can experience some extreme temperatures. On the side that does not face the Sun, the chill can reach to -212 degrees Fahrenheit. The side that faces the Sun can get as hot as 800 degrees Fahrenheit. Since Mercury has a thin atmosphere, meteorites can easily land on Mercury creating craters on the planets surface.
6: This planet is Venus. It is about the same size as Earth. This is why we call it our "sister planet" One year is 225 Earth days, One day is 243 Earth days.
7: Venus | Venus is the second planet from the Sun. I is the hottest planet in all of the solar system. One reason is because the thick atmosphere on Venus that traps the heat that came from the Sun. Venus has an atmosphere that is created by mostly carbon dioxide, clouds made by sulfuric acid, and a spacecraft landed on Venus but later melted due to the intense heat and pressure.
8: We live on Earth. One day is 24 hours. One year is 365 days.
9: Earth | Earth is the third planet from the Sun. It is also the planet that we live on. Earth is about 93 million miles away from the Sun. Earth is also tilted in an invisible pole called the axis. The axis tilts the Earth on a 23.5 degree angle. 75% of Earth is covered by water. In fact, Earth is the only planet in this solar system that still has water.
10: Mars is about 141 million miles away from the Sun. It is only about half the size of Earth.
11: Mars | Mars is the fourth planet away from the sun. Mars is also known as the "Red Planet" due to it's reddish rich soil. Just like Earth, Mars has volcanoes, windstorms, icecaps, and seasons. One day on Mars is 24 hours and 37 minutes. The planet use to have flowing water as well. The temperature can range from -55 degrees Celsius to -133 degrees Celsius. Just like Venus, Mars has a thin atmosphere that is 97% carbon dioxide
12: Jupiter is about 483 million miles away from the Sun and is made entirely out of gas
13: Jupiter | Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun. it is also the largest planet in our Solar System. Jupiter still has an on-going storm that is so big that it is 25,000 kilometers long. Jupiter weighs more than all the planets combined! Jupiter is a gas giant. This means the it is made entirely made by gas and it radiates more heat than it gets from the Sun
15: Saturn | Saturn is the sixth planet away from the Sun. This planet is known for it's beautiful rings. Saturn's rings are made up of small particles orbiting around the planet. The particles then refract the Sun's light to produce different colors. The moons that keep Saturn's rings in place are called shepherd moons. Saturn's atmosphere is mostly made up of hydrogen and oxygen
17: Uranus | Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun. One thing bout Uranus is that it is tipped on it's side. It takes 84 years for Uranus to rotate around the Sun. The methane in Uranus's atmosphere absorbs red light from the Sun which gives Uranus a blue/green color.
19: Neptune | Neptune is the eighth and farthest planet from the Sun. Neptune was a predicted a planet before it was even discovered. Neptune is really cold because it does not get enough sunlight. Just like Jupiter, Neptune has a storm that is big enough to swallow Earth.