FC: Survival How To Guide By: Aryce Battle and Lauryn Adams
2: Snake Bite | You might get bit by a snake while hiking through the forest. | Prevention includes avoiding areas where snakes are common, being cautious around rocks and logs, and wearing long pants and hiking boots. | If a person is bit by a snake, they should remain calm. Remove clothes that constrict the affected area. Allow bite to bleed freely for 15-30 seconds before cleansing. Create a loose splint for affected area and call for help if possible. | Symptoms of a snake bite include bloody wound discharge, fang marks/ swelling of wound, extreme localization of pain, burning sensation and fainting. | If the bite is left unattended, it can cause infections or allergic reactions.
3: Starting a Fire | You're out in the middle of the night and the temperature drops and you're hungry. You need to start a fire. | To prevent this, stay in dry, warm areas. | First you need to gather tinder and kindling. Then get giant logs and set it up in a tepee shape. Place the tinder and kindling under the logs. If you have a match light the logs up and if you don't use flint stones. Rub these flint stones together until you have a fire.
4: Bleeding | You're walking, and you trip and fall onto a branch. | To avoid this situation be alert and make sure your clothing (ie boots) are properly worn, and try to avoid areas with thorns or sharp branches. | For minor bleeding use gauze, wrap around wound, and secure with a band aid. For severe bleeding, expose the affected area, try to remove any foreign bodies (if possible), lay victim on the ground, examine their wound, sterilize the wound,wrap the wound and check circulation. | Symptoms include bleeding, pain in the general area of wound and dizziness. | If minor bleeding is left untreated it can result in infection. If severe bleeding is left untreated it can result in infection but ultimately death.
5: Broken Bones | You're walking and you trip over a branch and land on your arm. | Broken bones can be prevented by being aware and cautious of your surroundings. | If someone gets a broken bone, it needs to be applied with a splint. The bone should be immobilized above and below the joint. If there is bleeding. immediately stop it. | Symptoms include pain that lasts for more than a few minutes, discoloration of the injured area, loss of function, bruising, and numbness, | If not treated it can result in infection, deformed limbs, and a permanent loss of function.
6: Shock | You break your leg and go into shock. | Being cautious can prevent going into shock. | A person should lye on their back, and elevate feet. Body temperature should be maintained. Warm clothes should be put on. | Symptoms include pale,cold, clammy skin, a rapid pulse, shallow breathing, and a low blood pressure. | Severity of shock can cause death.
7: Preparing a Shelter | It gets late and you have no shelter in the forest. | To prevent not having shelter bring a tent or some shelter before hand. | Build a shelter high off the ground and close to a water source.
8: Heat Exhaustion | You walk in the mountains with the hot sun beating down on you | To prevent heat exhaustion drink plenty of water, remove a layer of clothing as physical activity increases, and take frequent breaks while hiking. | To treat it move to a cooler area and drink water, fan to lower body temperature but don't over chill. | Symptoms of heat exhaustion are, headaches, mental confusion, irritability, excessive sweating and weakness. | Can result in heat stroke or death if untreated.
9: Heat Stroke | You're walking on a trail on a blazing hot day for hours without water. | A person can prevent heat stroke by limiting activity in hot temperatures, wearing light-colored clothes, and drinking plenty of fluids. | If someone gets heat stroke, they should be wrapped in a sheet and be soaked with cool water. | Symptoms for this include dry, hot flushed skin that may be dark purple. The pupils become dilated, there is a weak, rapid pulse, and shallow breathing. | Organ failure and brain damage can be caused if heat stroke is left untreated.
10: Hypothermia | at night when it is very cold, a person can get hypothermia causing them to lose body heat | This can be avoided by drinking lots of water, dressing in layers, and staying dry. | Hypothermia can be treated by removing wet clothes, drinking warm water, wrapping in a blanket, and generating heat. | Shivering, clumsiness, stumbling, slurred speech, confusion, and slow breathing are all symptoms of hypothermia. | A person who doesn't treat this, can have heart failure. Their reproductive and nervous systems could suddenly stop, also.
11: Frostbite | a person's flesh freezes when he finishes taking bath in a cold lake | Staying inside during cold weather, wearing warm clothes, and avoiding alcohol can prevent frostbite. | Keeping the body warm and elevated can help treat frostbite. Also, placing the body in warm water can help with frostbite. | Symptoms of frostbite include red, white or pale skin, numbness, clumsiness, blistering and flushing. | Infections can occur when tissue remains cold. These tissues can be permanently damaged if frostbite is untreated.
12: Clothing | it is important that the right clothing is worn to protect the body from the environment | You can avoid the issue of clothing being not protective by wearing many layers to provide warmth. Also, wearing dry clothes can prevent any issues. | Clothing issues can be resolved by changing into clothes that are warm, dry and effective. Clothes should cover the whole body. | Wool and silk are the best materials to where in any situation.
13: First Aid Necessities | in case of a injury, there needs to be supplies | Supplies should be replaced continuously in case of an emergency. This ensures that all needed supplies will be able to help. | First Aid supplies should be used carefully, so they do not run out. | Include: bandages, adhesive tape, scissors, tweezers, needles, gauze pads, cotton balls, thermometer, flashlight with extra batteries, sunscreen, emergency blanket, antiseptic wipes, cold pack, neosporin, and rubber gloves