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Swimming (Mason and Dell)

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FC: Swimming | Mason Kelsey and Dell Dembny

1: Swimming | Mason Kelsey and Dell Dembny

2: Table of Contents | - About The Author............pg.4 - Dedication.....................pg.6 - Introduction...................pg.7 - History..........................pg.8 - General.........................pg.12 - Meets...........................pg.14 - Starts...........................pg.15 - Butterfly.......................pg.16 - Backstroke.....................pg.18 - Breaststroke...................pg.20 - Freestyle.......................pg.22 - Sources.........................pg.26

4: Mason Mason learned to swim when he was 3 and began swimming competitively before he reached the age of 6. Now Mason is 11 and is on EBSC (Elmbrook Swim Club). His favorite stroke is butterfly. His 50 m butterfly time is 36 seconds. Dell Dell learned to swim before he was about 4 and started swimming competitively before he | About the Author

5: reached the age 7. Now Dell is 11 and is also on EBSC. His favorite stroke is backstroke. His 50 m backstroke time is 35 seconds. The character "Mell" in this book is a combination of our two names, Mason and Dell. In the book the green writing around the pages is mostly true about our combined swimming experiences.

6: Dedicated To: The Elmbrook Swim Club

7: Introduction | Swimming is a very healthy and popular sport for all ages. Swimming can be for fun and recreation, or it can be for competitive sport. Do you swim? If not, read this and learn all you need to know. DIVE, FLIP, JUMP, SPLASH!!! | Micheal Phelps

8: History | The world is uncertain when or why the first swimmer swam. It was most likely not for competition or even fun. Man probably learned from watching an animal swim, then eventually using it as a survival skill because it is not actually considered natural for people to swim. However, we know from very early drawings that Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks all swam. With some of the strokes similar to the ones we use today. It appears that swimming popularity plummeted in the middle ages (400-1400) because people were afraid diseases were coming from the water. In the 17th century the Japanese had swimming in their early education program. By the mid 1800's there were only 6 pools open in London, England. Then, in 1837 the National Swimming Society of Great Britain was created, which was the beginning of what we know today as Competitive Swimming. Swimming had an important place in the Olympics from the very first games in Athens, Greece in 1896.

9: During the first Olympic games, Alfred Hajos of Hungary ,emerged as the first Olympic champion in the sport of swimming. Not only was his victory impressive as a first, but where he swam was even more so. The first Olympic swim champion did not compete in a pool, rather the swimmers dove off the side of a boat into the Mediterranean Sea! | Hi, I'm Mell, and throughout the pages of this book, I am going to give you a glimpse into my swimming thoughts and experiences. I love to swim and have been swimming for over 9 years! My favorite strokes are Butterfly and Backstroke! | Ancient Roman Swimming Drawing

10: More recently, Olympic swimming caught the attention of Americans everywhere with the historical medals won by Michael Phelps. Michael Phelps was the first American to win 8 medals during the Olympic games in 2004. For many who didn't follow swimming before, he either renewed their interest or gained new fans to the sport. He gained endorsements from many of the top companies in America lasting long after the Olympic games. The sea brought other challenges and obstacles that today's swimmers do not have to deal with, like twelve foot waves and cold water temperatures as low as 50 degrees. | Olympic Rings

11: When I was five years old I joined a competitive swim team at our local pool. At that point my favorite stroke was breaststroke. | Alfred Hajos

12: General | Swimming is the most popular sport in the USA. Although most of it is just recreational and for fun, no winner and no loser. Most swimming activities are supervised whether it be a lake, beach, pond, pool, or any other designated swimming area. There is almost always a trained lifeguard watching to insure that the swimmers are safe. Everyone should learn to swim as soon as possible. It is not hard to find basic swimming lessons that teach swimming fundamentals and water safety. When swimming, nearly every muscle in the body is used to move through the water. If practiced regularly it can keep the body physically fit. Once more advanced in the water you can try more technical activities such as a drill called sculling.

13: Treading water is also a very important water skill, allowing you to keep your head above water and rest. You put your arms out ahead of you and scull with your hands, sweeping in and out while doing a vertical breaststroke kick or try moving them as if riding a bicycle. | Hey, over here....Mell, again! When I first started swimming I was not very good, I was always in the slowest lane and went last. but, I never gave up trying! | American Red Cross Swimming Lesson

14: Meets | On meet days swimmers arrive at the designated pool to begin a series of warm ups before their actual event. Upon arrival, swimmers are expected to locate their team and put their swim bag down by their team. Some meets are what are called "positive check-in" in which case, all swimmers are required to find their coach and tell him/her that you are present. Swimmers then check what is called a "Heat Sheet" to find out what strokes they are swimming and in what heat, lane and event they are in. The heat sheet is the informational packet prepared by the hosting swim club. Having a good start is very important especially for short distances because you need to get away from the block quickly. | Heat Sheet

15: Starts | The starting block is non-slip fiberglass for safety reasons. The four common starts are the Grab start, Track start, Backstroke start (only used for backstroke), and Windup start. The windup start is only used for relay takeovers. | (left) This is a starting block swimmers use to start all strokes. | During my first week of practice we worked on starts. We first started with the "track start" but we gradually got better and our coach told us we should try the backstroke start which is more difficult.

16: The Butterfly is one of four strokes in competitive swimming. The Butterfly was developed in the early 1930's as a version of the Breaststroke. Then, in 1952 it was recognized as a new stroke and the technicalities of the stroke changed. Rather than having the same kick used in the Breaststroke it was decided that the "dolphin kick" would be now be used and was considered to be more efficient. In order for this stroke to be considered legal, a swimmer's arm and leg movements are simultaneous. A swimmer must swing both arms out of the water parallel to each other then the swimmer "dives" back down into the water. At the same time, the dolphin kick needs to be used to power the swimmer through the water, keeping his legs very close together, slightly bending then straightening at the knee. | Butterfly

17: This is the most physically demanding stroke for a swimmer. Each of the four strokes has a proper turn associated with it. When a swimmer reaches the end of the pool while doing the Butterfly a swimmer must complete the "touch turn".To properly complete this turn, a swimmer must touch the wall with both hands, drawing one elbow back and throwing the opposite hand over his forehead. | At first I did not like butterfly because it was hard and tiring. But as I got stronger and practiced more I developed a stronger and better stroke. It is now one of my favorite strokes and I am improving each time I compete. | Ryan Lochte

18: Backstroke | Backstroke was the third stroke after freestyle and breaststroke. It was first swam in the Olympics in 1908 for the 100 meter backstroke. Backstroke is not as fast as freestyle but it is the fastest method of traveling on your back. The backstroke and freestyle turn are very similar. In the backstroke turn you have to use the 16-ft warning flags to help you, so you can count your strokes then roll your body over do one freestyle stroke, and then flip. When you push off the wall you have to stay on your back, you can't roll over.

19: When I first joined a swim team I wasn't that great at backstroke. My coach told me that first I needed to work on my backstroke start and my backstroke turn. | Backstroke Flip Turn | Backstroke Start

20: Breaststroke | The breaststroke was first swam around the 1800's. It was always being changed. Before you start your stroke you do what is called an underwater pullout. Which is similar to a breaststroke stroke underwater. In this stroke arm and leg movements are simultaneous. Hands are carried together forward from chest to full extension, then brought back right in line with the body. Head and chest rise out of water when arms are under chest. When the head is out of the water, the swimmer inhales and while body glides forward, the swimmer exhales. The kick in this stroke is the "frog kick". During this legs are drawn up, knees are bent and both legs are turned outward.

21: Then the legs kick backward so they are parallel to the body. When a swimmer is about to finish, he puts his hands out in front of him, glides to the wall and does a two hand touch. If both hands do not touch, the swimmer will be disqualified. | Breaststroke... well isn't my best stroke. I started out decent at breaststroke but as I went along, all my other strokes improved a lot and breaststroke didn't so much. Breaststroke is not just my worst stroke it is also my least favorite stroke. | Micheal Phelps

22: Freestyle | The freestyle is commonly referred to as the "front crawl". It involves pulling one arm completely out of the water and at the same time your other arm is at a 90 degree angle making a pulling movement. This helps to propel your body through the water. The kick that is used with freestyle is the "flutter kick", which adds some thrust to the stroke. The flutter kick is done with straight legs and toes pointed, then moving them quickly up and down. Now, finally the breathing. | (Right) Yang Jieqiao

23: You breathe by turning your head to one side and inhaling and then exhaling while your face is completely submerged. You should take a breath about every 3 strokes. The Freestyle is the most common stroke of the four and it is generally the fastest. Due to it's speed, this stroke is commonly used for distance racing more than the others. | As I began swimming,freestyle seemed to be the simplest stroke. As we age up and the competition gets stronger the freestyle times get more difficult to reach. The hard work I put in at practice pays off as I gradually get better times at meets. | Freestyle Diagram

24: Throughout the book you've learned a little about swimming history, the four main strokes, the basics of competitive swimming, and you were even introduced to "Mell"! We hoped you've enjoyed reading this book as much as we have enjoyed writing it, and hopefully you are inspired you to try the awesome sport of swimming. Who knows, maybe you'll grow up to be the next Micheal Phelps!

25: The End

26: Sources | “Alfred Hajos.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . “American Red Cross Swimming Lesson.” American Red Cross. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . “Backstroke Flip turn.” ISPORT. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . “Backstroke Start.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . .

27: Bull, Andy. “London 2012: Phelps beats Lochte to win Olympic 200m individual medley.” The Guardian. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . Crouse, Karen. “Michael Phelps Wins.” New York Times. N.p., 15 Aug. 2008. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . Dawson, Buck. “Swimming.” Grolier. New York City: Scholastic Inc., 2013. N. pag. Print. “EBSC logo.” Elmbrook Swim Club. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . Gutman, Bill. Go For It! Swimming for Boys and Girls Start Right and Swim Well. Illus. Ben Brown. Freeport: Grey Castle, 1990. Print. Kehm, Greg. Olympic Swimming and Diving. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2007. Print.

28: “Olympic Rings.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . “Person Swimming Freestyle.” Retro Rainbow. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . Rouse, Jeff. The Young Swimmer. Ed. Lee Simmons. New York: DK Publishing, 1997. Print. Sandelson, Robert. Olympic Sports Swimming and Diving. New York: Macmillan, 1991. Print. “Swim Meet Basics.” USA Swimming.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . “Swimming starting block OSB11.” AK group GmbH. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. . “Ryan Lochte Butterfly.” Sports Illustrated. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2014. .

29: “Micheal Phelps Breaststroke.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. . “Freestyle diagram.” Triathlete. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. .

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