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Terpakistan Reconstruction Proposal

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S: TERPAKISTAN PROPOSAL

FC: TERPAKISTAN PROPOSAL! | By: Kelly Orsino & Genesis Solis

1: Vice President Andrew Johnson sitting on a globe, attempting to stitch together the map of the United States with needle and thread. Abraham Lincoln is using a split rail to position the globe. Johnson says, "Take it quietly Uncle Abe and I will draw it closer than ever." While Lincoln replies, "A few more stitches Andy and the good old Union will be mended." Kelly

2: Amendments | The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments have in the past helped to end slavery, racism and attempt equality. These amendments are examples of the kind of laws that should be recognized when reconstructing a society. The 13th amendment states: State and federal citizenship for all persons regardless of race both born or naturalized in the United States was reaffirmed. No state would be allowed to abridge the "privileges and immunities" of citizens. No person was allowed to be deprived of life, liberty,or property without "due process of law." No person could be denied "equal protection of the laws."

3: The 14th amendment states: State and federal citizenship for all persons regardless of race both born or naturalized in the United States was reaffirmed. No state would be allowed to abridge the "privileges and immunities" of citizens. No person was allowed to be deprived of life, liberty,or property without "due process of law." No person could be denied "equal protection of the laws." Lastly, the 15th amendment states that the right to vote "shall not be denied... on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." By March, 1870, enough states had approved to make this a part of the Constitution. | Gen & Kel

4: Carpetbagger This was a name given to Northerners who moved to the South after the war and supported the Republicans. Redemption This along with "redeemers" was a term used by white Southerners to describe a political alliance in the Southern US.The redeemers were the conservative, pro-business faction in the Democratic Party. They sought to expel Republican alliance of freedmen, carpetbaggers, and scalawags. | Genesis

5: Sharecropping vs Tenant Farming Tenants paid rent for the land they farmed on and eventually became sharecroppers. Sharecroppers did not pay their rent in cash, but by sharing their crops. They needed more seed and other supplies than their landlords could provide, so they received their supplies on a credit. To make sure they paid their debts, laws allowed suppliers to put liens on their crops. Liens allow merchants to take some of the crops to cover the debts. | Kelly

6: PLANS | There were three major plans to help improve society. The 10% Plan... The Radical Reconstruction Plan... The Presidential Reconstruction Plan was made by Johnson and Lincoln. Johnson wanted to renovate the Union in as quickly as possible. Hoping that Reconstruction would be complete by the time Congress reunited a few months later, Johnson declared Reconstruction over at the end of 1865. This was said to help bring about the Emancipation Proclamation. It would be best to use a plan like this or the 10% Plan rather than the Radical Reconstruction Plan for an effective civilization. | Kelly | Genesis

7: Genesis | Genesis | 10% Plan Proposed by Abraham Lincoln this stated that a Southern state could be readmitted to the Union once 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the Union. After that, voters could elect delegates to draft revised state Constitutions and establish new state governments. All Southerners would be given a full pardon, except for high-ranking, Confederate army officers and government officials. Lincoln guaranteed that he would protect Southerners' private property, but not their slaves. Lincoln received much support from Republicans because they all wanted to find a quick and easy way to end the war

8: Radical Reconstruction | Radical reconstruction was a time period reconstruction of the South after the Civil War. After Lincoln won the election and Radical Republicans swept the elections of 1866, they gained the majority of control over policy making in Congress. With the help of Republican allies, they gained control of the House of Representatives and Senate, This gave them power to override any potential vetoes from Andrew Johnson. During this time, 2 Reconstruction Acts were passed. In 1867, the first, aka, Military Reconstruction Act was passed. This bill reduced the secessionist states to barely more than conquered territory, dividing them into 5 districts, each governed by a Union General. Congress declared martial law in the territories which just had troops there to keep the peace & protect former slaves. Also, S states needed to redraft their Constitution, ratify the 14th amendment, and provide suffrage to blacks in order to seek readmission into the Union. | Genesis

9: Civil Rights Act of 1866 This permitted citizenship and equal rights to all male persons in the US "without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude.President Andrew Johnson attempted to veto the bill, but it was overturned. Civil Rights Act of 1875 This was intended to protect the voting rights of African Americans. | Genesis & Kelly

10: The Slaughterhouse Cases | The first United States Supreme Court explanation of the 14th Amendment that supposedly protected the "privileges or immunities" discussed by quality of the federal United States citizenship to all individuals of all states within it, but not those privileges or immunities incident to citizenship of a state. This was considered useless and seems to have a double meaning. When making an proposal make it as clear as possible, without confusion. | Kelly

11: US v Cruikshack | In 1876, this Supreme Court case's decision was significant in the US Constitutional law and was one of the first cases to interpret the Second amendment. The court found that the right to keep and bear arms existed prior to the Constitution. It stated that such a right "is not a right granted by the Constitution... neither is it in any manner dependent upon that instrument for its existence." | Genesis

12: Sherman's General Field Order No. 15 | This seized as Union property a strip of coastline stretching from Charleston, SC to St. John's River in FL, including Georgia's Sea Islands and land 30 miles from the coast. The land was then distributed to newly freed African American families. | Genesis

13: Freedmen's Bureau (1865) | Also known as the bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. It was created by Congress to give a boost and assist both whites and blacks in the transition from slavery to freedom for one year. The plan failed for a few reasons. First, the white Southerners opposed any freedom for blacks. Also, President Andrew Johnson also opposed and tried to veto this plan. Their was not enough military personnel and politicians from both sides gave little support. This was only successful in the educational field. | Genesis

14: Massacre | During the election for governor of Louisiana and local offices, a white militia, armed with rifles and a small cannon, overpowered freedmen and state militia trying to control the Grant Parish courthouse in Colfax. White Republican officeholders were not attacked. Most of the freedmen were killed after they surrendered, and nearly 50 were killed later that night after being held as prisoners for several hours. Beginning on March 2, 1867 the Reconstruction Act, passed over Johnson's veto, required that blacks be allowed to vote and that reconstructed Southern states ratify the 14th Amendment. The Colfax Massacre is one example of what should not take place during reconstruction of a civilization. | Kelly

15: Organizations | One organization was the Ku Klux Klan. These were secret societies started 1866, by former Confederate soldiers, because they were unable to strike openly at the Republicans running their states. Their goal was to drive out the Union troops and carpetbaggers and regain control of the South for the Democratic Party. They wore hooded, white robes and rode in groups terrorizing supporters of the Republican government. They attempted to keep African Americans and white Republicans from voting with their violence. Word reached President Grant and Congress passed acts outlawing the activities the Klan took part in. This is another great example of what to avoid during renovations of your society . | Kelly

16: The Black Codes | Laws placed after the Civil War in the Confederacy states which were designed to limit the rights of African Americans and replace the social controls of slavery that had been removed by the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th amendment to the Constitution, and were intended to ensure white supremacy. They were also intended to provide cheap labor, and continued to assume the inferiority of the freed slaves. Disobeying the slave codes lead to harsh punishments. This helped produce Radical Reconstruction, and the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments. | Genesis

17: Experiments | The Port Royal Experiment was a program begun during the American Civil War in which former slaves successfully worked on the land abandoned by plantation owners. The white residents fled, leaving behind 10,000 black slaves. The African Americans demonstrated their ability to work the land efficiently and live independently from white control. They assigned themselves daily tasks for cotton growing and spent their extra time cultivating their own crops, fishing and hunting. By selling their extra crops, the locals developed small amounts of property. In 1865 President Andrew Johnson ended the experiment, and returned the land to its previous white owners. | Kelly

18: Equality | Charles Sumner was the Radical Republican leader in the post-war Senate, He fought to provide equal civil and voting rights for the freedmen on the grounds that "consent of the governed" was a basic principle of American republicanism and in order to keep ex-Confederates from gaining political offices and undoing the North's victory in the Civil War. His essential theory of Reconstruction proposed that nothing restricted the Congress in determining how to treat the 11 defeated states. He argued that by declaring secession they had committed state suicide and were now conquered territories that should be treated as if they had never been states. | Kelly

19: He objected to Lincoln's and later Andrew Johnson's more lenient Reconstruction policies as too generous to the South and an encroachment upon the powers of Congress. He was one of the most noticeable advocates for suffrage for blacks, along with free homesteads and free public schools. He was largely excluded from work on the 13th Amendment. Sumner introduced an alternative amendment that combined the 13th Amendment with parts of the 14th Amendment. It would have abolished slavery and declared that "all people are equal before the law". During Reconstruction, he often attacked civil rights legislation as poor and fought for legislation to give land to freed slaves. The idea of equality is good for reconstructing a civilization. This also shows a way of putting two things together to make a better outcome. | Kelly

20: Compromise | After the Panic of 1873, fear was in the air because small banks were to close and stock markets to drop. Thousands of businesses were closed and Americans lost their jobs. After this, Grant received a bad reputation and was not re-elected into presidency. Rutherford B. Hayes was elected. It was believed that a deal was made because Hayes won without the support of Southern Democrats. It is not definite that there was a deal made, but it supposedly included a promise by the Republicans to pull federal troops out of the South, if Hayes was elected. Compromising can always work out for the better. If there is a compromise like this, it could actually help out the renovations. | Kelly

21: Kelly | Hiram Revels The first African American to serve in the United States senate. Because he preceded any African American in the House, he was the first African American in Congress as well. He represented Mississippi in 1870 and 1871 during Reconstruction. As on 2011, Revels is one of only six African Americans to serve in the US Senate.

22: Ulysses S. Grant | Ulysses S. Grant became president during the Reconstruction Era in 1868 and said "Let us have peace." At first, Grant was hopeful that he could restore and reunify the nation once he became President. However, he grew impatient with the slow process and made the wrong choices and pursued aggressive actions against slave codes and violence in the South. He also had poor judgment in choosing his officials, which lead to many scandals. | Genesis

23: Impeachment | The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson- the Impeachment of Andrew Johnson was one of the most intense trials in the political time of the United States during Reconstruction, and the first impeachment in history of a United States president. The Impeachment was the outcome of a drawn-out political battle, between Johnson and the "Radical Republican" movement that dominated Congress, for control of Reconstruction policies after the American Civil War. Johnson was impeached on February 24, 1868 in the U.S. House of Representatives on eleven articles of impeachment detailing his "high crimes and misdemeanors. The House's main charge against Johnson was with violation of the Tenure of Office Act. He had removed Edwin M. Stanton, the Secretary of War from office and replaced him with Ulysses S. Grant. The House agreed to the articles of impeachment on March 2, 1868. The trial began three days later in the Senate. Trial concluded on May 26 with Johnson's release, the final count falling one vote shy of the required tally for conviction. | Kelly

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