S: The Adventure of Phineas and Ferb: Time Travel
BC: Oh, there you are Perry. You missed out on a great adventure.
FC: The Adventures of Phineas and Ferb | By Jenny and Courtney
1: Table of Contents | Ancient River Valley Greece & Rome Post Classical Africa & Asia Medieval Europe Renaissance & Reformation Enlightenment & Revolutions World War I World War II Cold War | 2-3 | 12-13 | 10-11 | 8-9 | 16-17 | 14-15 | 6-7 | 4-5 | 18-19
2: Ferb, I know what we're gonna do today. | Let's use the time machine in the museum and travel back in time through history. Our first stop, the Ancient River Valley civilization. There were four main civilizations back then, China, Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, and the Indus Valley. Mesopotamians farmed in the Fertile Crescent where there were a lot of rich soil. A lot of people settled in this area because of the soil and resources like silt which is a bed of rich mud and soil.
3: China also had fertile soil which they called loess. For the Indus River Valley, they were really near the Arabian sea so the had a lot of seasonal winds, or monsoons. | Did you know, that if the people of the Ancient River Valley had not learned how to farm, we would still be hunting and gathering for food.
4: Next stop... Ancient Greece and Rome. | Did you know that Rome was once called Constantinople? It's named after their king Constantine. Another ruler was Diocletian, a military leader who ruled Rome before it collapsed in 476 AD due to inflation. Inflation is a when money isn't worth as much as it used to and the prices for things go up.
5: Did you know, That if the Roman empire had not fallen when it did, they would still have a lot of power and possibly dictate, or have absolute power over all of Europe?
6: Let's go to Post-Classical Asia and Africa. | The people in China were mostly nomads, or people who live on the go. They were also pastoralists which meant that they hated domesticated animals. Both Asia and Africa were ruled by people known as the Mongols, who was ruled by Genghis Khan, meaning universal leader. He lead the Mongols on a conquest to take over China until he died and Kublai Khan took over and conquered China.
7: Did you know, if the Mongols hadn't opened the Silk Roads for safe travel, we wouldn't have any of the goods from China like silk and spices.
8: Next stop... Medieval Europe | The middle ages was another way to call the medieval period. It lasted from 500 A.D. to 1500 A.D. For a while the Franks were in power, they were German people. Then around 600 A.D., the church took over and they built religious communities called monasteries. Eventually a deadly disease called the bubonic plague killed millions of people.
9: Did you know, that if the Black or Bubonic Plague did not attack Western Europe, millions of people there wouldn't have become ill so the population would be super high.
10: Now lets go to the Renaissance Era... | The word Renaissance means rebirth. This is the period when people started questioning the church's power and the social structure. Scholars began to turn away from the middle age art and looked more on humanism. Humanism focused on human potential and achievements. A man named Gutenberg invited the printing press, a machine that made printing papers easier. He used the printing press to create
11: the Gutenberg Bible which was the first full sized book printed with the press. | Did you know, that if the Printing Press was not created, we probably wouldn't be able to transfer information as quickly as we can today.
12: Next stop, the Enlightenment and Revolutions | The Enlightenment was known as the age of Reason because people started to form laws and believe in science. A famous philosopher named John Locke believed that people should believe in themselves and learn from their mistakes. He said that all people had natural rights. Natural rights is something that people should be born with which are life, liberty, and property. The citizens believed in this but there were also
13: philosophies, or social critics, who didn't believe in these rights and wanted to challenge them. | Did you know, that if the enlightenment ideas were not accepted by the colonists, we would still be living without or basic rights, life, liberty, and property.
14: Now lets stop by World War I... | World War I took place in Europe starting around 1914. There were two main sides to the war. The Central Powers were Germany, Austria-Hungry, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. The other side were the Allies which included Great Britain, France and Russia. Both sides fought on a battlefield in France called the Western Front. The Allies ended up winning the war and Germany was the only one blamed for the war. On November 11, WWI came
15: to an end when the German government met with Marshal Foch and signed an Armistic, or agreement, to stop fighting | Did you know, that if Germany had not been solely blamed for WWI, it wouldn't have caused the possible rise of Nazi leader Adolf Hitler.
16: Now onto two decades later to World War II... | At the beginning of WWII, all of the nations were trying to get their economy to succeed. There were many countries where their governments were unstable which lead to the Great Depression, or a severe economic slump that followed the collapse of the US stock market in 1929. Eventually fascism, a new militant political power became common in Europe. Adolf Hitler was a political leader that killed many people during WWII. He became a supreme
17: leader and started the Holocaust where many Jewish people were killed. Then Pearl harbor, a military base in Hawaii was attacked by Japan and eventually the Allies won. | Did you know, that if Britain and France had not chosen Appeasement as their foreign policy, many lives could have possibly been saved as Germany invaded Poland.
18: Our last stop, the Cold War... | The Cold War was a war between the United States and the Soviet Union that followed WWII. It is called the Cold War because there wasn't any blood shed or actual battling. A group called NATO, or North American Treaty Organization, was formed and made up of the US, Canada, and Western European nations. The Soviet Union thought that NATO was a threat so they developed the Warsaw Pact which was an alliance system. During the Cold
19: War, nuclear bombs were developed by both the US and Soviet Union. The United States and Soviet Union was also in a space race during the Cold war. It was a competition between them to see who could get into space first. | Did you know, that if the Soviet Union had landed on the moon first instead of the United States then we wouldn't have developed a space shuttle that got to the moon as efficiently as we did.