S: The English Petition of Right
BC: David Plant, Biography of King Charles the First, British Civil Wars and Commonwealth website http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/biog/charles1.htm Photos courtesy of Yahoo Images
FC: The English Petition of Right Author:Kirstin Grimes
1: The English Petition of Right Author:Kirstin Grimes
2: I am The Petition of Right. My contents are taxation without the consent of the parliament, forced loans, arbitrary arrests, and forced billeting of troops. I was not an enactment of new law, but a declaration of established rights.
3: The third parliament passed me in May 1628, during Charles I reign. By forming their grievances as a petition, members of parliament hoped to make their complaints a matter of judicial record.
4: I limited the king's power in several ways. Most importantly, I demanded that the king no longer imprisoned or otherwise punished any person but by the lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land. I also insisted that the king could not impose martial law (rule by military) in time of peace, or require homeowners to shelter the king's troops without their consent. In addition, I stated that no man should be: "compelled to make or yield any gift, loan, benevolence, tax, or such like charge, without the common consent by act of parliament."
7: Today there is an organization called the Tea Party. It's a populist political movement in the US that started in 2009 because of a series of locally and nationally coordinated protests. The name "Tea Party" is a reference to the Boston Tea Party of 1773—a protest by American colonists against various acts by the British monarchy which, among other things, attempted to establish a monopoly on the importation of tea into the colonies by giving a cut on re-importation tax imposed on the East India Company. Tea Party protests have invoked themes, images, and slogans similar to those used during the pre-revolutionary period in American history. The stated purpose of the movement has been to stop what it views as wasteful government spending, excessive taxation, and over reliance on regulatory bureaucracies.