S: The Exodus Tour
FC: The Exodus Tour
1: The Exodus Tour 2008 Together with good friends we set out to journey through Egypt, Sinai, Jordan and Israel. To walk like an Egyptian. To ride a beast of burden or a dromedary or two. To float over top of pyramids and on the Dead Sea. To cross the Red Sea, see great signs and follow our Exemplar's footsteps. The tour is designed to fully experience the exodus of God's named people from Egypt to the Promised Land. The goal - to strengthen our faith as we see the Bible come to life before our very eyes, the result - far more blessings than we can imagine or put into words but we tried to capture some through the photos in this book.
3: The life blood of Egypt, the Nile. The one-sail sailboats are called fallucas.
4: From the cruise ship the boys went for a walking adventure and these are some of the sights. Many of the houses and apartments are unfinished because if they are not completed, the government can't collect property tax. The local kids heckled them all the way back to the ship.
6: The unfinished obelisk commissioned by one of the only female Pharoahs of Egypt - Queen Hatshepsut. It would have been Egypt's larges but it broke before it was moved so it was abandoned. It was carved using rocks like the one that Kyla is holding. The colour was an amazing pink. So pretty!
7: Philae Temple was underwater after the Russian dam at Aswan was built. The temple was dismantled and reassembled about 550 meters from it's original island home. This temple is dedicated to the Goddess Isis.
8: 19.5 metres high statues of Amenhotep III built by Amenhotep III. | Temple of Queen Hatshepsut and the view of her domain. She ruled for 15 years and then mysteriously disappeared and little remains of her in history since the next Pharaoh would remove all traces of his predecessor.
10: This is Kom-Ombo at night. The temple priest would use the well to measure the height of the Nile. From this measurement, they would determine what the taxes would be for the following year. Whatever the people feared most, they would make into a god in an attempt to appease them. Here there were reliefs of crocodiles and 2 petrified Nile crocodiles. There are no crocodiles in the Nile since the Aswan dam was built. Crocodiles will eat all but the head of a person.
11: Some faces we met along the way. Perfume lady and our waiter on the Nile Odyssey cruise, both of which were Nubian. Nubians are originally from Sudan. They have darker skin than Egyptians and have their own language. At the perfumery, we learned that "essence" is the middle product of the perfume process. Egypt is the number one exporter of essence to France. Essences are the base of all perfumes bought today. They do not go stale. We bought frankincense and myrrh. We also stopped at an alabaster factory. Alabaster is white, green or ivory in colour. It is cut out, drilled to shape, then baked for 30 minutes. Held up to the light it looks fantastic.
12: The writing on the wall. Hieroglyphic meaning was unlocked by the Rosetta Stone discovered in 1799 by Napoleon's army. The Rosetta stone was made evident the "cartoche" with only King Ptolemy's name inside. It included instructions on how to celebrate his birthday. It was written in Greek, Egyptian and Coptic - still in use today.
13: A ruin, a ruin, everywhere a ruin | Egypt is well known for their obelisks. Most of them are not in Egypt anymore. There used to be 2 here. One was traded to France for a clock. The clock stopped working immediately. The obelisk is in front of the Louvre.
14: Temple of Karnak at Luxor | 134 enormous columns support the largest known man-made temple ( so huggable!) It took only 1500 years to complete.
16: 1 Kings 14: 25, 26 tells of Pharaoh Shichak's victory over the kingdom of Judah during the rule of Solomon's son Rehoboam almost 3000 years ago. Notice the short beards. The relief shows the Israelites being taken captive by Pharaoh.
18: Cairo's famous market. The Khan or Turkish Bazaar was built in 1382. Streets and streets of everything. We bought spices and glass perfume bottles for our essences.
19: The Valley of the Kings and their most famous tomb discovered in 1922. (In Egyptian, the word tomb can also mean home.) Most of King Tut's treasures are in the Cairo Museum. His treasures, although impressive, were minor in comparison to the treasures of the great Pharaohs that ruled for many years. Tut died at 19 years of age.
20: An early morning balloon tour over the Valley of the Kings at Luxor and the temple of Queen Hatshepsut. It was our pilot's first trip too!
21: The ride was surprisingly relaxing and calm. We were given crash instructions and a small snack with the tiniest cup of tea/coffee. They really did just lift us up and pitch us into the wicker basket. The views were breathtaking and amazing. The perfect mode of transportation to see everything.
22: The pyramids are an ancient wonder of the world and the only one remaining. They are fiercely protected - unless you give the security guard some money for a photo opp. The Great Pyramid is 40 stories high. Its 4 sides line up perfectly with the 4 directions of the compass. It contains 2.3 million blocks weighing 2.75 tons each. It took a workforce of 100,000 men 20 years to complete.
23: The Pyramids and the Sphinx The Sphinx was not an original plan, it was designed by an Egyptian engineer to deal with a stubborn rock formation. It has a human face (Pharaoh's) and a lions body. To date, it is the largest stone statue ever made by man. Originally it was colourful and had a nose. The loss of the nose is still a mystery but when in doubt, blame the Turks - not Napoleon! The royal beard is on display in the British Museum. The smaller pyramids were for the wives. Only 3 Pharaohs were buried here. Both were hit by robbers since the tombs were kinda obvious. One of the tombs is open to the public for a fee but we were told it was stinky and nothing really to see.
25: The Step Pyramid near Memphis, the capital of Ancient Egypt. These were already in existence before the Israelites were slaves here but both Jacob and Joseph would have seen these pyramids.
27: Beautiful Mt. Sinai
28: The Red Sea and the Suez Canal and ...the land mines. The Israelites crossed the Red Sea at night - we had a beautiful day. There are no pictures allowed of the Suez Canal. They will take your camera if they even suspect you have taken a photo. The first man-made canal here dates back to the 14th Century. No locks are needed since the Mediterranean and the Red Sea have the same water level. Due to so many conflicts in this area, there have been a lot of land mines planted here and bombs and other war debris lay just below the surface. The English brother, seen to the right, ran into possible danger to get a closer look at the Red Sea.
30: Holy Camels on Mt. Sinai. I was the straw that broke my camel's back! These camels are actually dromedaries and not native to this area at all. They are thought to have come to Europe via Alaska having originated in North America.
32: The treasury is more likely a royal tomb. | Bullet holes where the Bedouin tried to release the treasures | Petra is Greek meaning rock. This area was called Seir in Bible times. | See more of Petra in the Indiana Jones movie, "Temple of Doom".
33: The amazing Petra, Jordan. Home of the Bedouin. Rediscovered in 1812. Through a long narrow gorge, we found this brilliant pink stone city. The first sight is this treasury. At one time it was thought that pirates hid Pharaohic treasures in the giant stone urn that rests on top.
34: The mountain home of the Edomites, descendants of Esau. From high above, it's difficult to conceive that beautiful Petra lies below. Edomites hated God's people. Jehovah prophesied that they would be conquered and then annihilated. Great King Herod, he tried to kill Jesus as a baby, was an Idumean or Edomite. As of 70 CE it was fulfilled, "you shall be cut off forever". Christendom is the modern counterpart of Edom.
35: Brent's buddy Jack. More comfortable than a camel. | Esau translates "red". He ate red stew. He had red hair. Petra's rock is definitely RED! | The Edomites made their living as thieves. They filled their rock homes with stolen treasures. | See Jack go up hill. Go Jack go!
36: Mount Nebo Moses' view of the Promised land, where he died and the cover of our "See the Good Land" brochure... | on a very windy day.
37: The City of Jericho. Today, Jericho is a Palestinian city. The mountains you see here are the way to Jerusalem. This was the dangerous route the Good Samaritan took. Jesus was a guest here in the home of Zacchaeus the short tree climbing tax collector. | This is what remains of Jericho's double walls. Poor folks and prostitutes made their homes between the walls. This is how Rahab was able to help the spies flee through her window and they were "outside" the city and, of course, how her red cord was visible on the day the walls fell.
38: These huge olive trees may only be distant relatives to the trees in the first century that Jesus and his apostles sat under because remember the Romans needed wood to make pointed stakes to surround Jerusalem in 70 CE. In fact, all the trees in Jerusalem are not natural. The Jewish National Fund planted 6 million trees after WWII to symbolize the 6 million Jews killed. | Garden of Gethsemane
39: Jerusalem: Old and New | The old city is divided into Quarters. Christian, Israeli, Muslim and Armenian | Above: The Valley of Hinnon. AKA: Gehenna | Each stone represents a visitor to the grave.
40: The Western or Wailing Wall. The wall is divided into women and men sections but on this day you can see the women peeking over the wall that separates them because a family member is celebrating a Bar Matizvah The white between the bricks is not mortar - it is prayers placed there by pilgrims. It is illegal to remove someone's prayer. Prayers and also be sent by fax or email and placed on the wall. This wall is actually a retaining wall. It is not part of Herod's Temple that was destroyed in 70 CE as prophesied by Jesus in Matthew 24:21.
41: The rights of passage into manhood at the age of 13 years + 1 day. The carrying of the law, the frontlet band placed between the eyes and the 4 passages of scripture are secured to the left hand. | TRADTIONS TRADITIONS
42: The Meander Travel group. Can you see Guy and Debbie Morand? Brett and Kyla Cozens? Howard and Colette Smith? Carmen and Janna Smith? Darren and Olivia Nygaard? Brent and Tracey Gratias?
43: The Temple Mount, Mt. Moriah, Dome of the Rock. Here is where Abraham as good as offered up Isaac and inside this mosque, there is a rock were apparently one can see the foot print of Mohammad where he left the earth to visit Allah. No services are held here. It is for mediation only. The Muslims use no images in there worship so they decorate with writing. King Hussein of Jordan donated the 80 kg of gold for the dome at a cost of approximately $2.4 million.
45: Jerusalem in as it was in Jesus' day. This miniature replica was originally on a small motel lot set for demolition. It was reassembled here at the Jerusalem Museum.
46: Welcome to the "Holy Land" please leave your gun at the desk.
47: Tel Aviv, modern day Joppa. Possibly named after Noah's son Japheth. Watch out for big fishes!
48: The valley where David fought Goliath. Perhaps he found the smooth stones from this river bed.
49: Lachish | The second largest city in old Israel. Lachish was a double-walled city like Jericho. 2 Kings 18-19 speaks of Lachish. After being taunted by the Assyrians, Jehovah answers King Hezekiah's prayer and sends an angel to kill 185,000 Assyrians in one night. Letters from Lachish are in the British museum. They are military documents that include the tetragrammatin.
50: Masada meaning "stronghold" was built by King Herod to keep cool in the summer months. He had a 3-tiered hanging palace constructed. It included pools, mosaics, hot baths, cool rooms and a sit down toilet that flushed, the oldest one known. A hidden staircase in the rock connected the tiers. | Masada was the Jew's last stand against Roman occupation. The Sicarii (dagger men) killed themselves and their families then set fire to the fortress rather than be taken by the Roman army in 70 CE. The Romans built a ramp of earth to top of Masada only to find women and 5 children to tell the story of what happened.
52: A lively bunch at the Dead Sea. The lowest spot on earth (the surface is 1370 feet below sea level) and the possible former site of Sodom and Gomorrah. Lot settled in a "land well water" but for the last 4000 years it has laid a "desolate waste" - a testimony to Jehovah's judgment. The sea water is 9 times saltier than the oceans. Floating is so easy and the mud...so refreshing!
54: The Dead Sea scrolls were found here in this cave by a shepherd boy looking for his lost sheep in 1947. He threw a stone in the cave and heard a vessel break. Inside were the scrolls. Later discoveries recovered all the Hebrew scriptures excluding Nehemiah and Esther. The oldest manuscript was 2000 years old and was important for other reasons too. They found Roman era history, that the Hebrew language hadn't changed much at all and facts about the 24 different sects of Judaism including their constitution.
55: Caesarea was built by Herod the Great to honor Caesar Augustus. This aqueduct and the artificial harbor are engineering masterpieces. The aqueduct brought fresh water from springs and the harbor was large enough for 300 ships. | Caesarea's theatre has amazing acoustics and even more amazing was this stone tablet discovered there inscribed: "Pontius Pilate, prefect of Judea". It's proof that Pilate was a real person. Caesarea was the Roman military headquarters. This is where Cornelius and this relatives were baptized after Peter used the 3rd key.
56: The remains at Megiddo - an ancient battleground with prophetic meaning. Revelation 16:16.
57: Really, it should read Peter's in-laws. | Andrew, James and John were also from this city. | Synagogue in Capernaum where Jesus opened the scroll of Isaiah and read the prophecy applying it to himself.
58: Over looking the Sea of Galilee Jesus gave his most famous sermon. Today the farmer that owns this land sells olive oil soap.
59: Fishing like James and John on the Sea of Galilee.
60: Drinking at the Gideon's Well. Who will the Gideon choose to be in his army?