FC: The Manhattan Project
1: The Manhattan Project is the code name for the US government's secret project that was established before World War II. It also in the development of the nuclear bomb. | In 1942 Enrico Fermi, a physicist, successfully controlled a nuclear reaction in his reactor called CP-1. It was located at the University of Chicago under a squash court | The idea of forming a research team to create a nuclear weapon was endorsed in a letter than Einstein sent to Franklin Roosevelt, the president of America at the time.
2: A month after the first bomb was tested, two nuclear weapons were exploded over Japan, at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. There were many reasons for this. The official reason is that it would immediately end the war, thus saving the lives of thousands of American servicemen.
3: Immediate deaths from the bomb are estimated to be about 100,000. This figure is astounding. However, it is comparable to the estimated number of casualties that would have resulted from a Allied invasion of the Japanese home islands. However, the choice to drop the bombs on Japan is very controversial and there are many people that feel they were unnecessary, and that Japan would have surrendered anyway.
4: Undoubtedly, the atomic bomb is the most powerful destructive force that mankind has ever wielded. However, many scientists defend their participation in it's creation
5: Soon after the Manhattan Project became a success, the Soviet Union developed their own atomic bomb with these new weapons that could destroy entire cities and civilizations, the atomic arms race and cold war began. First these weapons were attached to bombers. Since the 1950's, there has existed an amount of weaponry on earth great enough to destroy humanity and all it's accomplishments. No one has used these weapons against another country since WW-II. This is because of the concept known as Mutally Assured Destruction (MAD).