S: To Kill a Mockingbird: Literary Analysis
FC: To Kill a Mockingbird: Literary Analysis | By: Jace Cottle
1: Setting: the place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place
2: TKaM Setting: In To Kill a Mockingbird, the setting is in Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930's | Quote supporting setting: "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square." (Lee 6).
3: Importance of understanding setting of TKaM: It is important to be able to understand the setting of To Kill a Mockingbird to understand the racism towards black people and the way the characters act. | Quote supporting setting:"Maycomb County had recently been told that it had nothing to fear but fear itself." (Lee 6).
4: Scottsboro boys summary: The Scottsboro boys were some black teenagers accused of raping two young white women, and when they were tried, they received very poor legal representation. | Emmett Till summary: Emmett Till was a 14 year old African American child who was murdered after talking to a white women. His death was publicized and helped to rally black support.
5: How these cases are related to TKaM: The events in this book are related to these two incidents because in both of these past cases, African Americans are treated poorly and not being held equal to white individuals.
6: Point of View: the narrator's position in relation to the story being told | Point of View and Narrator Description: First Person Point of View was used. The narrator was Scout, a 5 year old girl who is really smart, confident, and kind.
7: Why Harper Lee chose the perspective of Scout: I believe the reason Harper Lee chose the perspective of a young girl (Scout) and not Atticus or Jem is because the personality of an innocent little girl goes along great with the tone of the story. Plus, with Harper Lee being a woman, it would be easier for her to write from the perspective of a girl rather than a man. | Point of View Quote: "I should be a ray of sunshine in my father's lonely life."(Lee 108)
8: From the perspective of Miss Maudie when her house burnt down. My house burnt down and all of the neighbors were outside watching. As i watched my house go up in smoke i couldn't help but think about all of my possesion that would be uined and that I would never be able to replace.
9: 1. One conflict is the conflict between Scout and her first grade teacher because her first grade teacher said that Atticus taught Scout all wrong and that she can't read with Atticus anymore. This conflict is Character vs Character and an external conflict. | Conflicts: | 2. Another conflict is the conflict between Tom Robinson and the community. Everybody believes that Tom Robinson raped Mayella Ewell just because he is African American. This conflict is Character vs society and is an external conflict. | 2. Bill Cunningham changed his perspective on Tom Robinson. Originally he was against him, then towards the end of the story he wanted to acquit him of the accusations. | 1. The teacher punishes Scout for what Scout thinks is right so it changes her opinions on what is acceptable.
10: 3. A third conflict in the story is when Atticus tells the kids to go home when he was outside the prison with a mob of people. Then Jem replied that he wouldn't leave, as well as Scout and Dill. This conflict is Character vs Character and is an eternal conflict. | 3. This is a point where Jem defies Atticus and doesn't do what Atticus tells him to do. | Characterization: | Dynamic Character: A character that undergoes an important change throughout the course of the story. | Static Character: A character that doesn't undergo an important change in the story. They are he same at the end as they were in the beginning
11: Examples of Dynamic Characters: 1.Jem - Jem changes throughout the course of the story because at he beginning of the story he acts like a boy. But as it gets closer to the end of the story Jem begins to grow into a man through the experiences he is exposed to. 2. Scout- Scout has changed throughout the course of the story, the way Scout changes is that in the beginning of the story Scout is young and doesn't have any real world experience. But more toward the end of the story Scout matures and begins to support civil right.
12: Examples of Static Characters: 1. Bob Ewell- Bob Ewell is a static character because he keeps his same viewpoint throughout the entire novel. His opinion never differs. 2. Dill- Dill is a static character because throughout the book he stays immature and he thinks he knows better than everyone else.
13: Symbols | Symbol: a thing that represents or stands for something else | The significance of the title "To Kill a Mockingbird" is that the story is about an innocent man being put on trial. The mockingbird symbolizes the innocent man because mockingbirds do not do harm, all they do is sing.
14: "Mockingbirds" of the Story | Boo Radley - He was a harmless man who was accused of acts that he did not commit, he was innocent. | Tom Robinson -Tom Robinson was accused of raping Mayella Ewell, but he did not. The community thinks he is guilty just because he is black, but he did nothing wrong. | Scout Finch - Scout is a mockingbird because she is young and innocent and as she goes through life she learns the hard truth about racism and prejudice.
15: Theme | Theme: the subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition | 1. Discrimination against women "I was not so sure, but Jem told me I was being a girl, that girls always imagined things, that's why other people hated them so, and if I started behaving like one I could just go off and find some to play with"(Lee 54). 2. Racism "I seen that black nigger yonder ruttin' on my Mayella"(Lee 231). | 3. Compassion "Jem, see if you can stand in Bob Ewell's shoes a minute. I destroyed his last shred of credibility at that trial, if he had any to begin with. The man had to have some kind of comeback, his kind always does. So if spitting in my face and threatening me saved Mayella Ewell one extra beating, that's something I'll gladly take. He had to take it out on somebody and I'd rather it be me than that houseful of children out there. You understand"(Lee 298).
16: These themes can all be applied to the real world because all of them still take place today, maybe not to the extreme that it was at back then. But never the less, such opinions are still in our society today.
17: Personal Reflection: | “To Kill a Mockingbird” illustrates how life was in the south during the 1930’s perfectly. The people were very judgmental and racist. I didn’t realize how segregated communities were. It didn’t matter if you were rich or poor, a white man always won over a colored man. Like Atticus says in the book, people should be equal in the eyes of the law. I strongly disagree with the verdict that Tom Robinson is guilty. I feel like that it was very obvious that he was innocent. It is frustrating how blinded people were just by the color of others skin. To be honest, I do not blame Tom for trying to escape. The way people acted back then, it didn’t matter how strong of a case you had, there was no hope if you were black. Although I was opposed to the society in “To Kill a Mockingbird”, I thought it showed the innocence of the children greatly. I liked how oblivious Scout was to the situations that were going on. It’s funny how a little girl can take on a mob all by herself. Overall this novel revealed to everyone how wrong they were. That it shouldn’t make a difference what color skin you have, we should all be equal.