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To Kill A Mocking Bird

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FC: To Kill A Mockingbird Final Project

1: Setting.........................2-3 Background...................4-5 Events.........................6-7 Point of View.................8-9 Rewright.....................10-11 Conflicts.....................10-11 Characterization............12-13 Symbols.....................14-15 Themes..................... 16-17 Literary Criticism.........18-23

2: This quote shows that Maycomb was an old and decrepit town, in major need of remodeling. Also shows that the town was in a drout and hot spell. | "We lived on the main residential street in town-- Atticus, Jem and I, plus Calpurnia our cook. Jem and I found our father satisfactory: he played with us, read to us, and treated us with courteous detachment." (Lee 6) | SETTING | "Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the court sagged in the square. Somehow it was hotter then: a black dog suffered in a summer's day; bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the sweltering shade of the live oaks on the square. Men's stiff collars wilted by nine in the morning. Ladies bathed before noon, after their three-o'clock naps, and by nightfall were like soft teacakes with frostings of sweat and sweet talcum." (Lee 5)

3: " The Radley Place jutted into a sharp beyond our house. Walking south, one faced its porch; the sidewalk turned and ran beside the lot. the house was low, was once white with a deep front porch and green shutters, but had long ago darkened to the color of late-gray yard around it. rain-rotted shingles drooped over the eaves of the veranda; oak trees kept the sun away. the remains of a picket drunkenly guarded the front yard- a 'swept' yard that was never swept- where johnson grass and rabbit-tobacco grew in abundance." (Lee 8) | This quote told us what another part of their street looked like and described what the kids would think about and where they would spend some of their time trying to get into. | If you understand the setting and you know anything about the time period that the story occurs in, then you will know more about how the characters should act and be able to notice more of the differences from how the characters should act to how they do act in the book. | This quote shows where they lived and how their father, Atticus, treated them.

4: The Scottsboro trials were about nine black boys who were said to have raped two white girls. The girls only said this to take light off of the wrongs they did. Each boy was proven innocent but it took over six years and tons of trials to eventually get all the boys released from jail. By the time they where released, it was already too late, the boys were already scarred for life.

5: Emmett Till was a black boy who was beaten and murdered for flirting with a white, married shop employee while visiting his aunt and uncle in Mississippi. Till's mother gave him an open casket funeral ,in his home state of Illinois, to show what the two white Mississippians did to him. Till's trials opened the doors to the African-American Civil Rights Movement.

6: Real World | Scottsboro boys and trials | Judge James Horton trying unsuccessfully trying to free the Scottsboro boys | Orvill Gilley and him trying to be funny on stand | Victoria Price and Ruby Bates accusing the Scottsboro boys of rape | Background

7: To Kill A Mockingbird | Tom Robertson and his trials | Mayella Ewell accusing Tom Roberson of rape | Bob Ewell and him trying to be funny on stand | Judge Taylor trying unsuccessfully to free Tom | Background

8: Point of View | First Person | Scout is the narrator and she is a little girl of 5-8

9: "I burst into tears and fled to Calpurnia" (Lee 115) | I believe the Lee chose Scout's PoV because it was easiest to connect with. | Point of View

10: To Kill A Mockingbird Rewright After supper, Atticus came into the living room carrying an extension cord with a light bulb at the end and said he was going out for a while and told us to be in bed when he got back. He then put on his hat and left. “He’s takin’ the car”, I said. Our father loved to walk and I was curious as to why he would take the car and where he was going. An hour after he left, I was getting ready to leave to go after Atticus. Scout came in and said “Why ain’t you going to bed?” “I’m going downtown for a while.” I told her and she asked “Why? It’s almost 10 o’clock.” When I didn’t say anything she said “Then I’m coming with you. If you say no, then I’ll just follow you anyway.” I knew that the only way to get her to stay was to fight her, so I let her come along. After she went to get dressed we waited for Aunt Alexandra’s light to go out and then snuck out of the back door. With no moon out tonight it was pitch black. “Dill’ll will wanta come,” Scout told me. “So he will”, I said gloomily. We went over to Dill’s window; I whistled bobwhite and Dill’s head appeared at the screen. He then proceeded to climb out the window and down to us and asked “whats up?” “I just got this feeling”, I told him. We walked through the neighborhood, when we rounded the corner of the square I saw a car in front of the bank building, where Atticus’ office is, and told the others that he was must be in his office doing some late night work. But when we snuck down there to find him, we saw no light coming from the window in his door. I looked in the bank just to be sure and the door was locked, “Let’s go up the street. Maybe he’s visitin’ Mr. Underwood.” As we walked up the street we saw a single solitary light in the distance, by the jail house. “That’s funny, the jail doesn’t have outside lights.” I told them. “Looks like it’s over the door,” Dill said. Under a long extension cord with a bare light bulb, coming from a second story window, sat Atticus in one of his office chairs reading the paper. Scout started to run, but I grabbed her and told her “Don’t run to him, he might not like it. He’s all right, let’s go home. I just wanted to see where he was.”

11: We were walking home when we saw four dusty cars pull up to the jail. We ran back to the other side of the square, so we could hear what they were saying. In groups, the men got out of the cars and walked up to Atticus. “He in there, Mr. Finch?” one man asked. “He is and he’s sleeping. Don’t wake him up.” Atticus answered. After the men had a whispering session one said “You know what we want. Get aside from the door, Mr. Finch.” “You can turn around and go home again, Walter. Heck Tate is around somewhere.” Atticus answered him. Another man “The hell he is, Heck’s bunch’s so deep in the woods they won’t get out till mornin’.” “Indeed? Why so?” “Called ’em off on a snipe hunt. Didn’t you think a’that, Mr. Finch?” the man said. “Thought about it, but didn’t believe it. Well then, that changes things, doesn’t it?” came his calm reply. “It does.” When Scout started to run I yelled and tried to catch her, but she had a head start on me and pushed her way through the group of dark bodies and said “Hey, Atticus.” When he saw her, he had the most fearful face on and when Dill and I came into the circle it just got that much worse. Atticus got up and tried to tell me to take Scout and Dill home but I refused to until he came with us. He tried again to get us to leave but gave up when he figured out that it was useless. “I’ll send him home.” one of the men told us and grabbed me by the collar of my shirt, then Scout shouted “Don’t you touch him!” and kicked him. “That’ll do, Scout. Don’t kick folks,” said Atticus. I missed what she said after that from taking in my surroundings. I knew nobody, and Atticus was scaring me with the look on his face. When I came back to the real world Scout was talking to someone. She started to look a little scared by the time I figured out what was going on again. She was talking to Walters’ dad, Mr. Cunningham. At that point he had squatted down and was telling her that he would say hi to Walter for her and then he and everyone else got up and left us alone. I then saw the most relived expression on Atticus’ face and we all went home to bed after that.

12: Man VS. Society | Boo Radlie VS. the town | External | Man VS. Man | External | Tom Robinson VS. the Ewells | Man VS. Man | External | The Finches VS. the mob | Conflicts

13: Conflicts | Character involved | Scout | She has no idea that the mob would ever hurt Atticus | She knows that she stopped something terrible but still doesn't know the full extent of what she did. | Before | After | Boo Radlie | No one has ever seen or knew him | He meets Scout, saves Scout and Jem, and kills Bob Ewell | Finds out that some people can be bad and cruel and make no sense what so ever | Thinks that every one is good | Jem

14: Dynamic | Characterization | Scout; main character,6-9 years old; at the beginning she was unaware of so much and had a huge temper but by the end she knew a little more and has a rein on her temper. | Jem; Scout's older brother, 10-13 years old; at the beginning he acted a lot more like a kid but by the end he was more like Atticus.

15: Characterzation | Static | Calpernia; the Finches cook; Cal is always just the cook and nanny for the kids, she is also a mother figure for Jem and Scout. | Atticus; Scout's and Jem's father; always the same, a good but kinda detached parent and a very good father.

16: Symbols | In this book a mockingbird is a sign of happiness and of innocence. The significance of the title To Kill A Mockingbird is to warn us that something bad is going to happen to someone innocent and happy.

17: Symbols | Boo Radley is an example of a "mockingbird" because he has only ever done one bad thing and is so clueless of the outside world that he has a special kind of innocence about him. | Tom Robinson is a "mockingbird" because he is innocent of the horrible crimes that he is accused of and he is killed, taking that innocence away. | Scout Finch is a "mockingbird" because she is so young and so clueless of the world that she has that type of innocence that only little kids can have.

18: Themes | Racism: "The Colored balcony ran along three walls of the courtroom like a second-story veranda, and from it we could see everything" (Lee 164). This quote shows that a separation of whites and blacks even at a place like a court house and at a trial for a colored man no less. This applies to the real world because of the African-American Rights Movement. | Women: "Miss Maudie's gold bridgework twinkled. 'You're mighty dressed up, Miss Jean Louise,' she said. 'Where are your britches today?' 'Under my dress.'" (Lee 229). This quote shows that women are expected to dress a certain way. This applies to the real world by stereotyping of women.

19: Themes | Family: " 'If Uncle Atticus lets you run around with stray dogs, that's his own business, like Grandma says, so it ain't your fault. I guess it ain't your fault if Uncle Atticus is a nigger-lover besides, but I'm here to tell you it certainly does mortify the rest of the family-' 'Francis, what the hell do you mean?' 'Just what I said. Grandma says it's bad enough he lets you all run wild, but now he's turned out a nigger-lover we'll never be able to walk the streets of Maycomb again. He's ruinin' the family, that's what he's doin'.' " (Lee 83). This quote tells us that if someone in a family does something wrong, that it ruins the whole family's reputation. This connects to the real world because we still think it today.

20: Feminist | Literary Criticism | A movement about seeing and critiquing literature written and about women with a different feminist scale and literature written and about men should be based on a masculine scale.

21: Feminist | Literary Criticism | A Southern Belle is a high class un-married woman in the south during the early 1900s. Usually wore big hooped skirts, where the top of their social class and have rich families. Aunt A. always wears a dress and is always hosting every thing. Positive things about them are they are relatively nice. Negative things are that they think all women should be like them. Miss Maudie is a deterrent for every one to stop picking on Scout. Yes, Atticus does act differently and it is because he doesn't know them as well. This scene is in a negative light. Scout thinks that most of the women are rather mean except Miss Maudie, who is very nice to her. Aunt A. is more quiet and a little more accepting of what other people are doing when she is in public than when she is alone or just with her family. They say that they are mean to women who are different from them and that they don't like any change or drama in the town unless it comes from them. Lee doesn't like how southern women treat other southern women.

22: Literary Criticism | Historicism | New Historicism is taking and learning about both sides of a story and comparing the two for the truth.

23: Literary Criticism | Historicism | In Chapters 16-17 Lee makes allusions to the Scottsboro boys, Victoria Price and Ruby Bates, Orville Gilley, Judge Horton, Samuel Leibowitz,and Thomas Knight Jr.. The allusion to the Scottsboro Boys is through Tom Robinson, they all where put on trial for something that they didn't do. Victoria and Ruby in Mayella Ewlle, all three made up stories of rape to keep themselves out of trouble. Orville Gilley in Bob Ewlle, both tried to be funny on the stand and were hated for it. Judge Horton in Judge Taylor, both knew that the boys were innocent and tried to help them the best that they could. Samuel Leibowitz in Atticus Finch, both were the defending attorney and both tried to get the boys free. Tomas Knight Jr. in Mr. Gilmer, both were the prosecuting attorneys and wanted all the boy put in jail even though I believe that they knew that they were innocent all along. These allusions help the reader understand that this is based on a true story and that every thing that happened in the book could have easily happened in real life.

24: Literary Criticism | Psychoanalytical | Psychoanalytical is comparing the Id, Ego, ans Super Ego in the characters and seeing how they make them act and how they shape there personality.

25: Literary Criticism | Psychoanalytical | A True Hero: "She was. She had her own views about things, a lot different from mine, maybe... son,I told you that if you hadn't lost your head I'd have made you go read to her. I wanted you to see something about her-I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It's when you know your licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do. Mrs. Dubose won, all ninety-eight pounds of her. According to her views, she died beholden to nothing and nobody. She was the bravest person I ever knew." (Lee 112) Tom Robinson is a hero because he helped out a white girl do whatever she needed to have done because he felt sorry for her and he knew it was a risk to himself. Calpurnia is a hero because she puts up with a lot of stuff to stay with the Finches. Boo Radley is a hero because even though he is terrified of the outside world, he still goes out to save Scout and Jem. Lee chose these charters because it shows that heroes come in all races and families. We learn that Lee values true heroes that come from true backgrounds. I believe that Scout is the only character that reflects her, all the other are what she would like to be.

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