FC: Analysis and review by: Francisco Hernandez
1: Table of context Pages 2 &3 Setting and historical context Pages 4 & 5: Point of View Pages 6 & 7: Conflicts Page 8 & 9: Characterization Pages 10 & 11: Symbols Pages 12 & 13: Themes Pages 14 & 15: Review/ Personal Reflection | (*NOTE* this image is not relevant, I just needed a pic for this slide)
2: Setting and Historical context The setting of this book is in a small southern town known as Maycomb. It's your averaged little place, most of the people know one another, not so many issues, you can get the idea. The twist here is that the time era of this book is in the 1930s, when the depression and dust-bowl were an issue and the south was very... racist. As a matter of fact that's what this is trying to deal with, racism in the South. The Historical parts of this book is how it's loosely based off two infamous court cases that took place in the South known as The Scottsboro boys and the trial of Emmett Till. Both cases had intense racist overtones that can still be sensed to this day. | Facts about Emmett Till (Top) and The Scottsboro boys (bottom) The Scottsboro boys were accused of raping two white women. It took 6 long years for them to be released & the charges dropped. The 2 women were laying all along. Emmett Till was a 14 year old boy who went down south looking for work. After a misunderstanding with a local white woman, he was beaten & lynched by 2 white men. Dispite the evidence the men were called innocent by the jury, but they really did commit the crime! The Scottsboro boys had a great lawyer & when the jury still called them guilty, the judge over-ruled that sentence & favored the boys. The Till case had hard evidence against the men, but they were let off the hook. | Real World events Scottsboro boys are worngly accused of rape Emmet's case was biased due to the racist culture of the south The Scottsboro boys case was in Scottsbora Alabama Both cases ended (or in the scottsboro boys' case almost ended) Unfairly. | TKaM Events Tom Robbertson is wrongly accused of rape Everyone assums Tom is guilty due to the same racist culture. The book takes place in Alabama Tom Robbertson's case ends unfairly.
3: "Maycomb, some 20 Miles east of Finch's Landing, was the County seat of Maycomb County." (Lee, 5). To me this tells me that this is a rather small town. It's a few miles from a bigger one and it's in it's own little county. Like where I'm from. | "...The Cunninghams are country folks, farmers, & the crash hit them hardest" (Lee, 27). This tells us about the era, seeing how the Cunninghams are farmers & rural folk who were hit the hardest by "The Crash" this refers to the Great Depression & Dust Bowl that happened in the 30s. | "They did not go to church, maybomb's principal recreation, but worshiped at home..." Back in the old days of the south, church was the number one thing all people went to. It was unusual to see people who didn't go. It was kind of a southern tradition church was.
4: The book is told in first person point of view. The following quote that shows it, "The 2nd grade was grim, but Jem assure me that the older I got the better school would be, that he started off the same way, & it was not until one reached th 6th grade that one learned anything of value." (Lee, 79). Scout is main protagonist, she's just a little girl who's still learning what's what. She's still ignorant to certain things. Which begs the question... Why is she the main character in a book such as this? Well... | Scout being just a little girl is the reason why she's the main character! Atticus knows how everything works, he's not innocent. Jem may not understand why everything happens like Atticus, but he knows something about the issues that are happening. Scout knows nothing, she keeps asking questions, she even can't explain why she tries to defend Atticus when people insult him in front of her. We see her learn about all this stuff and we see her grow as not just a character, but as a human because of this. | If the story were from the perspective of say, Tom Robbertson, it would be drastically different! Here read this section I made form his perspective in chapter 15... (all on the next page)
5: I was sitting in my cell, wondering what was gonna happen to me. If it weren’t for Mr. Finch I would have been strung up the day after it happened. The sun was falling down; if I stood on my bed I could see what was happening outside. I took a quick look and I saw a car coming down the road. Out the car came Mr. Finch, what was he doing here I thought to myself. He came towards my cell. “Tom Tom you awake?” He said as he started to open the cell door. I climbed down from the bed. “There you are, listen Tom some friends of mine told me some mighty bad things are afoot.” “What’s going on Mr. Finch?” I said with a hint of anxiety in my own voice. “Where’s the Sheriff Tom?” He sounded just as anxious as I did this was bad I can feel it. “Come on now Tom, I need to know now!” Mr. Finch yelled, I pointed to his office across the street. “Thank you Tom keep your head and voice down tonight” He stormed off. As he made his way toward the office, the sheriff was on his way out for a smoke when he saw Finch. I could hear their conversation from my cell. “Finch what are you doing here?” said the sheriff all confused and worried. Mr. Finch whispered into the sheriff’s ear. The sheriff’s eyes got all wide like, he dropped his box of matches and pack of smokes. “I’ll get my gun!” What would he need that for? At this point I was scared out of my wits! Why did the sheriff need his gun? What did Mr. Finch hear was gonna happen? I sat and thought about it I thought about it long and hard then it hit me as hard as I was thinking They WERE coming for me! I ran for the door. I knew it was locked, but I wish it weren’t, I heard stories about lynchings hell a friend of mine saw a lynching! All he told me is that the person wasn’t guilty and it ain’t pretty, that’s all I needed to hear. I saw Mr. Finch make his way back to my cell, “Tom, come over here for a minute!” he yelled as he come to the cell. I went to my door as he came in. “Ok Tom I gotta tell ya I hear a group of people are coming here tonight We think they may be here to do some harm to you.” Mr. Finch tried to brake it to me as gently as he could, seeing how this is the worst thing that could possibly happen. As my own fears were confirmed, I started to stare off into space I didn’t know what I was looking at, maybe just a wall, but what I saw was of my own imagination It was my own tomb stone and it read Here lies Tom Robertson, a Negro who got what he deserved, mourned by no one, cept maybe his own kind. “TOM!” Yelled Mr. Finch “WHAT!?!” I said all confused and shocked like. “I said me and the Sheriff are gonna stop em, we’re gonna keep you as safe as we can” He told me this like it was just an ordinary day in his life. Tears started in my eyes, “Relax Tom, the sheriff got his shot gun and I’m gonna try to talk them out of it. We don’t want anyone to get hurt.” I envied how Mr. Finch could be so collected. I nod my head and went to lie down on my bed. Where would I be if it weren’t for Mr. Finch? I closed my eyes and hoped I would be able to open them of my own will tomorrow morning. As I started to sleep I heard Mr. Finch leave the cells and lock the door as tight as it could get I smiled and dozed off.
6: Dill Vs. Curiosity Man Vs. Himself Internal conflict | Scout Vs. The Lynch Mob Man Vs. Group External conflict | Atticus Vs. Maycomb MAn Vs. Society External
7: Dill was involved with our first Conflict. Before it, Dill was always curious about things in Maycomb. He was mostly intrigued about Boo Radly and why he never left his house. After 3 attempts of trying to get him out he's still curious as to why he wouldn't leave, but he has accepted it... somewhat. | Scout is part of our 2nd Conflict. Before it, she had no idea what these people were going to do. After reality hit her in the face with hammer she freaked out! She's scared for her and Atticus's life at that point. Speaking of Atticus... | Our last character who's in Conflict is dear old Atticus. He's chosen to defend Tom and the town gets all up in arms and mad that he's defending a man of color. During the trial some peoples' minds are opened by his words, I mean the case still didn't go his way though. He still however provoked thought.
8: There are plenty of characters in To Kill a Mocking Bird, some are more important than others, but here are some of the characters who would be considered Dynamic, or changed as the book went on, and the others who would be considered static, or one's who didn't change. | Dynamic Characters Scout- She's still learning about the world. She gets confused by new things, but she learns. "The meaning of the night's events hit me and I began crying" (Lee 208). Uncle Jack Finch- He's a fun guy who thinks he knows a lot... except maybe kids. "... Your daughter gave me my 1st lesson this afternoon. She said I didn't understand children much and tole me why. She was quite right." (Lee 115) | Static Characters Aunt Alexandra-She's very old fashion. She wants Jem & Scout to act like "proper" children. "We decided that it would be best for you to have some feminine influence. It won't be many years, Jean Louis, before you become interested in clothes & boys." (Lee 170). Tom Robbertson- Besides being innocent, he's mostly quite and respectful. Nothing else much. "No suh, I works in his yard fall an' winter time. I works pretty steady for him all year round, he's got a lot of pecantrees' n things.
10: Symbols One of the biggest symbols in the book is the Mocking bird itself. What does it mean? Well a Mocking Bird is a harmless creature. All it does is sing, fly, & do other things birds do. It would be pointless to kill one, this bird poses no threat what so ever. The mocking bird is symbolic form innocences, and to kill one is wrong. A character in the story even says, "... It's a sin to kill a Mocking bird." (Lee).
11: There are 3 specific characters who can be considered "Mockingbirds" in this book, let's go through them all. Boo Radley- He's never really been outside his house, which is lead to him being blamed for many things that he most likely never did. Tom Robinson- He had done no wrong, he's as innocent as a Mockingbird. Scout Finch- She's very young and learning what's wrong and what's right. She slowly grows out of her innocents and matures into an intelligent young lady.
12: A story such as this will have plenty of good themes I assure you. Now allow me to share some that I've noticed. In a court of law any man or woman is equal- "... there is 1 human institution that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein, & the ignorant man the equal of any college president. That institution gentlemen, is a court." (Lee) What this quote says that the one place in the U.S.A. where people should be judged is in court. While in court they should be judged fairly & properly; evidence is necessary. Most people who want to work in court, or anyone who is in a jury should keep this in mind. Before you judge someone, you should think about how they live their life and why they live that way-"You never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and walk around in them." (Lee 374). It's the same phrase only worded much differently. Every man & woman should remember this. It would give people a new view on life & it could lead to some good. Even if failure is the only option, if you at least try you'll make some kind of difference- "I wanted to show you what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a a gun in his hand. it's when you know you're licked before you begin but you begin anyway & you see it through no mater what." (Lee 149) There's nothing that says you cant try, even if in the end you're not gonna win, if you try hard enough you'll make a point to yourself & others about something. Weather you live life with a handy-cap or a lack of motivation, you really should try; try hard enough to show you mean business in your own way!
13: What did we learn?
14: Now with all the analysis said and done, let's finish up with my very own thoughts on this story. To put it simply, I loved it! I’m more than happy to have finally had read this story after hearing so many good things about it from my brother, teachers, and other sources. The best parts about the story was defiantly part 2. The1st part wasn't bad, but I can see how it can turn off a few readers. However I feel part 1 of the story was very necessary! It was mostly exposition, but very well written exposition; is that really a bad thing? The main reason why part 2 is the overall best is because the most thought provoking things lie in that section. The seeds of these lessons were planted in part 1 but the fully grown themes and so on; show their beautiful heads right before the trial, during the trial, and after the trial! The only down sides I can come up with are just a few nitpicks, I guess part 1 can drag on a bit. I would have perhaps cut it short, or you could have made part 2 just as long in length. It doesn't bother me one bit though, but I can see how it can annoy some people. In the end, I love this book! There are many good qualities in it, from the pacing (Which was one of the best parts), the dialog and dialect, memorable story arcs from part 1, and of course part 2 in its entirety. I recommend it to anyone who's looking for a good interesting tale with a style that I’ll haven't really read in any other book I’ve read. If you disagree I refer you to the Dude...