FC: Everything you need to know about To Kill a Mockingbird By: Brittany Lane
1: Table of Contents | Setting- pg. 2-7 Point of View- pg. 8-11 Conflict- pg. 12-13 Characterization- pg. 14-17 Symbols- pg. 18-19 Theme- pg. 20-22 Personal Reflection- pg. 23
2: Setting When- 1930s Where- Maycomb, Alabama Maycomb is a fictional small, southern town. No one usually moves in or out. The people still believe in white supremacy and have prejudice about southern values. Quotes of Setting: "Maycomb was an old town, but it was tired old town when I first knew it" (Lee 6). "In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on the sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square" (Lee 6). "Rain rotted shingles drooped over the eaves of the veranada"(Lee 10).
4: Setting cont. Scottsboro Trial: It was in held in Scottsboro, Alabama, in 1931. Nine black youths were falsely accused of raping two white women. It started when a handful of whites and blacks were traveling on an freight train together. A fight broke out between some black and white hobos, and the whites were thrown off the train. When the incident was reported, it was discovered that there were two white women, dressed as boys, hiding on the train. Little did the authorities know that the two white women have had sexual relations with the white men from the train. So, when the black youths were charged for raping them, they agreed. This was only because of the fear of being persecuted for their sexual activities. (http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_scotts.html)
5: More Setting Emmet Till: He was a teenager who was murdered, because of the black and white segregation. On August 24, 1955, Emmet and some other teenagers walked into Bryant's Grocery and Meat Market to buy some refreshments. No one is positive what happened inside the store, but allegedly Emmet either whistled at, flirted with, or touched the hand of the store's white female clerk. She turned out to be the wife of the store owner. Four days later, the store owner and his half-brother kidnapped Till. They beat him brutally, dragged him to the bank of the Tallahatchie RIver, shot him in the head, tied him with barbed wire to a large metal fan, and threw his body in the river. (http://www.biography.com/people/emmett-till-507515#awesm=~oD0WEiQNdgBsKW)
6: Real World Events v. TKaM Events Scottsboro Trial- The black youths were accused of raping white women Tom Robinson Trial- Robinson was also accused of raping a white women. Also, they both were wrongly accused, but no one cared, because they were all African-American. Emmet Till and Tom Robinson: They were both victims of racial prejudice. Both of their juries had all white males. Both trials were held in segregated courtrooms. In both cases, the guilty white men got off scottfree. When it was discovered, who the real guilty parties were, they were not punished for their crimes. (http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-similarities-between-emmett-till-tom-393624)
7: Setting Importance Setting is important to the understanding the characters, because you learn about their background. It helps learn why they are the way they are. Also, the setting can show the characters values. This could lead to understanding the conflicts the characters face. The conflict could be fighting over what they believe in. Which is there values. All in all, setting is essential to understanding the story better.
8: Point of View First Person Quote: "I was miserable without him until it occurred to me that I would be starting school in a week"(Lee 20). The narrator: The narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird is Scout Finch. Also known as, Jean Louise Finch. Scout is very young. She is a tomboy. Also, she is very outspoken, likes to say what is on her mind. Scout doesn't take crap from anyone. In addition, she is very stubborn and determined. On the other hand, she is very much like the typical young girl. When she gets scared, she likes to run to her daddy, so he can protect her. The same goes for when she's upset. Furthermore, she looks up to her brother. For a kid, Scout is independent. She can take of herself, for the most part.
9: Point of View cont. In my opinion, Harper Lee chose to tell the story from a young girl's point of view, because it gives a view of someone that is innocent. Someone who doesn't really understand what is going on. Also, I think she chose Scout's point of view to let us form our own opinion on the issue. Instead of already having a prejudiced view from someone that actually knows what is going on. In addition, I think she wanted to give us a youthful view of the story. If it were from Jem's perspective, it wouldn't be as youthful or innocent. Jem is a kid, but he is old enough to understand the issue at hand. The same goes for Atticus.
10: The Moment I Regret Most ( Point of View) When I look back on the moment I regret most I always go back to the same moment. The time I went to live with my brother and his family. At the time, I thought it was the perfect idea. My brother's kids needed a motherly influence. I thought I was the perfect influence to give them some. I guess they had Calpurina, but I don't count her. First of all, she is black. Therefore, she is only good for cooking and cleaning. While she proved useful, when there were no other women in the house. Now, she's not needed because I was there. I know how to cook and clean. In fact, I probably do it better than her. Though my brother, Atticus, never saw it that way. He always insisted that she was one of the best things to ever happen to his family. Anyways, I'm getting off track. I was so determined to get the kid in line. If I didn't, they would always be known as the disgrace of the family. I couldn't be associated with those kind of people. It would ruin my whole reputation. So, I decided to start with the kids. They needed to act the way they are supposed to act, at their age. I knew it would be challenging, but I wasn't going to let that stop me. The first thing I needed to do was stop Jem and Jean Louise from running around like wild animals. I couldn't believe that Atticus, just let them run around like that! No wonder, this kids needed my guidance. I tried everything to get them to stop running wild, it just didn't seem to stick. No matter, I told myself I would find other ways. I decided to start with Jean Louise, first. Since, I knew she would be the hardest to change. Jem wasn't so bad, and I don't understand boys much. The first thing I decided to do was get Jean Louise out of those God awful clothes. They were for boys! Girls should never be caught dead in boys clothes. Despite my efforts, I was not able to get her to stop wearing those unflattering clothes. This really got me down. Though, it didn't stop me. I kept on trying for months and months. Nothing seemed to work. Jean Louise was still playing outside and getting mud all over herself. She was still wearing boys clothing and picking fights. I didn't know what else to do. Atticus wasn't of any help. He just kept on saying, " She's fine just the way she is". Uggh.... I will never understand his ways. I was persistent into making Jean Louise FInch into a respectable lady. In the end, I was not able to accomplish that goal. Jean Louise ended up staying in Maycomb and became a waitress. At least, she stopped going by that awful nickname, Scout.
11: I always hated that name. I liked to think I had a part to do with that. On the other hand, Jem didn't turn out so bad. He went to college and became a lawyer, just like his father.Although he didn't go into his father's practice. Thank the Lord for that. He does tax law, instead of doing social justice issues. The world is fine just the way it is, I don't know why Atticus ever did those kinds of cases. He always supported the wrong side and caused all kinds of trouble. Now, Jem lives in Birmingham. I'm glad that I was part of helping one Finch from becoming a disgrace.
12: 1. Miss Caroline and Scout- Miss Caroline thinks that Scout shouldn't know how to read and write at her age and Scout doesn't see the problem. Type: Man v. Man ( Miss Caroline v. Scout) Internal or External? External 2. Atticus and Aunt Alexandra- Aunt Alexandra disagrees with the way he is raising his children. Type: Man v. Man ( Atticus v. Aunt Alexandra) Internal or External? External 3. The town and Tom Robinson- Everyone thinks he is guilty of committing the crime he was accused of. Type: Man v. Society Internal or External? External | Conflicts
13: Before Scout was very young and naive. She didn't understand a lot of things that were going on around her. Jem was also very young and naive. Except, not as much as Scout was. He believed that everyone was a good person, no one had the capability to be evil. Dill liked to cause mischief and did whatever he wanted. He didn't think about the consequences. | After Scout grew up and understood more things. She matured a lot. Jem went from being a boy to being a man. He realized that not everyone is good, some people are evil. Dill matured and thinks before he acts. He doesn't cause as much mischief. | Conflict cont. (How the characters changed)
14: Characterization | Dynamic Characters: Scout- A young, naive girl. She is a tomboy and very stubborn. She is still very childish. Why is she dynamic? Throughout the story, Scout grows as person. She becomes more mature. She begins to understand things more. Jem is a young man who thinks he is very mature. However, he is still very much a child. Why is he dynamic? In TKaM, Jem matures throughout the whole story. He starts to become a man. His views of the world change from a childs to a adult.
15: Characterization cont. | Static Characters: Aunt Alexandra is an older women who has prejudiced views on certain issues. She has a one track mind. Why is she static? Throughout the entire book, she didn't change at all. She still acted the same and had the same opinions on things. Calpurnia is a colored women who is very motherly. Especially to Jem and Scout. Why is she static? Calpurnia personality stays the same. She is still very motherly. She doesn't change at all, she stays the same person.
16: More Characterization | Flat Characters: Boo Radley is a shut-in. He never leaves his house. Why is he flat? We know nothing about Boo Radley, except that he never leaves the house. Tom Robinson is a colored who was falsely accused of raping a white women. Why is he flat? We don't really know anything about Tom Robinson. We know nothing of his personality or the kind of person he is.
17: Even More Characterization | Round Characters: Scout is a eight year old girl. She is very immature. Her mother died when she was very young. Her dad, Atticus, is raising her and her brother, Jem. She is very outspoken and innocent. Why is she round? We know everything there is to know about her. We know about her family, personality, and friends. The author made sure we knew her like we know ourselves. Jem is a young man. He has little sister , named Scout. His mother died. He is raised by his father. Why is he round? We know everything there is to know about him. We know him inside and out.
18: Symbols | The significance of the title To Kill a Mockingbird is that it's a metaphor and a warning for the story itself. In the story, it was told that it is a sin to kill a mockingbird because they never do anything harmful. So, it symbolizes someone just as innocent as a mockingbird being struck down by prejudice. These crimes are a warning to all and should be payed very close attention too.
19: Symbols cont. | Boo Radley is considered a mockingbird because of his innocence. We see this when he gives gifts to Jem and Scout. Also, he is misjudged. Boo never did anything wrong to anybody. He just stayed inside his house. So, like a mockingbird, he's not do any harm. Tom Robinson is considered a mockingbird because he never hurts anyone. He works hard, honest, and a decent man. Furthermore, he was accused of a crime he didn't commit. Tom was just helping a young women out with her chores. Also, he didn't want anything in return for it. Basically, he was accused of the crime just by being there. Scout Finch is a mockingbird because of her childish innocence. Like a mockingbird, she doesn't do anything personally to harm anyone. She just wants to understand why the world is the way it is.
20: Theme | 1. The moral nature of human beings Quote: " I shut my eyes. Judge Taylor was polling the jury: Guilty...guilty...guilty...guilty... I peeked at Jem: his hands were white from gripping the balcony rail, and his shoulders jerked as if each "guilty" was a separate stab between them"(Lee 282). How does the quote prove my theme? It shows how Jem and Scout realized that not everyone is good.It was obvious that Tom Robinson wasn't guilty, but people still said he was.Therefore, Jem and Scout starting to realize that some people are bad. How can the theme apply to the real world? It can apply to the real world because of the coexistence of good and evil. In real life, some people are nicer than others. Sometimes,people decide to do bad things and we don't know why. Basically, we have to understand that some people are good and others are not.
21: More Theme | 2. The existence of social inequality Quote: "Hush your mouth! Don't matter who they are, anybody sets foot in this house's yo' comp'ny, and don't you let me catch you remarkin' on their ways like you was so high and mighty! Yo' folks might be better'n the Cunninghams but it don't count for nothin' the way you're disgracin' 'em – if you can't act fit to eat at the table you can just set here and eat in the kitchen" ( Lee How does the quote prove my theme? It shows that people think they're better than certain types of people. Also, it shows how prejudiced the people in Maycomb. Therefore, showing how people in Maycomb treat each other unfairly or unequal. How can the theme apply to the real world? It can apply to the real world because of our social structure today. We tend to judge people and think that they are beneath us. We don't treat people fairly sometimes. Even in today's world, we still have social inequality. If someone is gross looking, we think that we are better than them. There are many more reasons to treating people with social inequality. '
22: Even More Theme | 3. The importance of moral education Quote: "'First of all,' he said, 'If you can learn a simple trick, Scout, you'll get along a lot better with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view-' 'Sir?' '-until you climb into his skin and walk around in it" (Lee 30). How the quote proves my theme? It shows how people were educated back then. Furthermore, it shows how Atticus is devoted to instilling a social conscious in his children. Which teaches Scout about important things in life. How can the theme apply to the real world? It can apply to the real world because we have a certain way of teaching children today. Most of us are taught that doing this is good, but doing this is bad. For example, when we are young we are taught that lying to people is wrong. However, some people might think that there is nothing wrong with lying to people. The same goes for Scout and Jem, when they get taught about racism.
23: Personal Reflection | To Kill a Mockingbird was one of the best books I've read. I really enjoyed it. I thought it was very interesting. My favorite part was when Scout and Jem was watching Tom Robinson's trial. Once I started reading about the trial, I couldn't put it down. I thought it was very fascinating. I liked how I got to see how a colored man's trial was like, back when racism was still a big thing. I liked all the parts in the book. However, if I had to pick a least favorite, it would be when Jem, Scout, and Dill were playing during the summer. In my opinion, that part was kind of slow and boring. There wasn't any action taking place. It took me a while to get through it . Other than that, I loved the book. It captured my interest throughout the whole book. The author really made me think about the controversial issues she put in there. Also, I liked how she didn't put a prejudiced view and let us form our own opinions. I felt like I was really there in the 1930s and dealing with the problems they faced. I actually cared what happened to all the characters. Also, I thought Harper Lee explained how life was back then. It made it easier for me to understand. The whole book felt really realistic. Overall, To Kill a Mockingbird was an amazing book and I think everyone should have the chance to read it.