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To Kill a Mockingbird

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S: To Kill a Mockingbird

1: To Kill a Mockingbird Visual Literary Analysis | By:Brent Gillman | Author:Harper Lee

3: Table Of Contents | Setting- pages 4&5 Point Of View- pages 6&7 Conflict- pages 8&9 Characterization- pages 10&11 Symbols- pages 12&13 Theme- pages 14&15 Personal Reflection- pages 16&17

5: Setting | To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in a small, old, racist, Southern town of Maycomb County, Alabama in the 1930s. "A day was twenty-four hours long but seemed longer. There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go, nothing to buy and no money to buy it with, nothing to see outside the boundaries of Maycomb County." (Lee)

6: "You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view--until you climb inside of his skin and walk around in it." (Lee 30) Scout narrates in the first person, telling what she saw and heard at the time and argumenting this narration with thoughts and of her experiences in retrospect. Although she is by no means an omniscient narrator, she has matured considerably over the intervening years and often implicitly and humorously comments on the naiveté she displayed in her thoughts and actions as a young girl. SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on To Kill a Mockingbird.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 30 Apr. 2014. | Point Of View

7: POV Of Atticus Finch | He is looked up to by his family and his friends who "trust him to do right."(Lee) Atticus Finch sets a standard of morality that no other character in the book comes close to matching. Atticus is a studious man whose behavior is governed by reason. Once he decides that a given course of action is right, he perseveres regardless of threats or criticisms Atticus's desire to avoid conflict when possible is another quality that the author obviously wants us to admire. Atticus stands as one of literature's strongest and most positive father figures. http://resources.mhs.vic.edu.au/mockingbird/atticus.htm

8: Conflict(s) | 1.(internal) Scout has a conflict through the story with herself. She loves her father, but does not want to grow up to be a young lady. She is raised by Atticus who tries to instill good moral values in her, yet she is constantly going against his teaching and getting into mischief as well as doing things to get into in trouble on purpose. 2.(external) The main conflict in To Kill a Mockingbird is that Tom Robinson, an African American, is accused of raping Mayella Ewell, a young white woman. This causes tension between Atticus Finch, the white attorney who defends Tom, and members of the community who are racist.

9: 3.(external) After a pageant at Scout’s school Jem and Scout begin to walk home but it is later than when the others went home because Scout would not leave until everyone left. On the walk home Bob Ewell approaches the children from behind and attacks them. Scout is knocked to the ground and gets stuck inside her costume. She ears Bob break Jem’s arm and then Jem hits the ground unconscious. Boo Radley then comes out of his home and kills Bob Ewell and then carries the children home.

10: Characterization | Atticus Finch- Static, Old, Intelligent, Calm wisdom, Respected Jean Louise "Scout" Finch- Dynamic, Young, Fit, Intelligent, Confident, Thoughtful, Good, Tomboy Jeremy Atticus "Jem" Finch- Dynamic, Young, Fit, Intelligent Charles Baker "Dill" Harris- Dynamic, Young, Fit, Slow, Black, Poor,

11: Arthur "Boo" Radley- Static, Unfit, Robert "Bob" Ewell- Round, Old, Tom Robinson- Flat, Black Calpurnia "Cal"- Static, Black

12: Symbols | The title of To Kill a Mockingbird has very little literal connection to the plot, but it carries a great deal of symbolic weight in the book. In this story of innocents destroyed by evil, the “mockingbird” comes to represent the idea of innocence. Thus, to kill a mockingbird is to destroy innocence. Throughout the book, a number of characters can be identified as mockingbirds—innocents who have been injured or destroyed through contact with evil. This connection between the novel’s title and its main theme is made explicit several times in the novel: after Tom Robinson is shot, Mr. Underwood compares his death to “the senseless slaughter of songbirds,” and at the end of the book Scout thinks that hurting Boo Radley would be like “shootin’ a mockingbird.” Most important, Miss Maudie explains to Scout: “Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but . . . sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.”(Lee) That Jem and Scout’s last name is Finch indicates that they are particularly vulnerable in the racist world of Maycomb, which often treats the fragile innocence of childhood harshly.

13: SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on To Kill a Mockingbird.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.

14: Theme | The most important theme of To Kill a Mockingbird is the book's exploration of the moral nature of human beings—that is, whether people are essentially good or essentially evil. The novel approaches this question by dramatizing Scout and Jem’s transition from a perspective of childhood innocence, in which they assume that people are good because they have never seen evil, to a more adult perspective, in which they have confronted evil and must incorporate it into their understanding of the world. As a result of this portrayal of the transition from innocence to experience, one of the book's important sub themes involves the threat that hatred, prejudice, and ignorance pose to the innocent: people such as Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are not prepared for the evil that they encounter, and, as a result, they are destroyed. Even Jem is victimized to an extent by his discovery of the evil of racism during and after the trial. Whereas Scout is able to maintain her basic faith in human nature despite Tom’s conviction, Jem’s faith in justice and in humanity is badly damaged, and he retreats into a state of disillusionment.

15: SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on To Kill a Mockingbird.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.

16: Personal Reflection | Written in the late 1950s to early 1960s, To Kill a Mockingbird in many ways reflects the state of its society. The Civil Rights Movement was occurring at the time, a fight for human freedom, extending the rights of full citizenship to individuals regardless of race, sex, or creed and the slowly emerging concept of equal rights for all. Although set in the 1930s, it has come to my attention that the book strongly mirrors its context and was greatly influenced by the values and beliefs of the people at the time.

17: "To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee - Reflection." 123HelpMe.com. 16 May 2014 . | To Kill a Mockingbird in my opinion doesn't represent a true 1930s. It contains many main characters such as Calpurnia and Atticus who have morals and personalities that I felt out-step the time period. These qualities seem to originate from the essence of The Civil Rights Movement instead. In the 1930s an African American woman wouldn't have had so much power over white children like Calpurnia had over Scout and Jem, and people like Atticus who were sympathetic to the African Americans would have had none of the support Atticus had with Heck Tate, Mr. Underwood, just to name a few, the way he did.

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